Dan Leader's 4-Hour Baguette

By • March 25, 2014 • 125 Comments

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Author Notes: This recipe is the aggressive, no-more-excuses shove that you need to start baking your own bread. It will only take you 4 hours of intermittent attention, and won't require a starter nor any equipment you don't already own -- and it will rival your favorite bakery's. Adapted slightly from Local Breads (W. W. Norton & Company, 2007) and Saveur Magazine.Genius Recipes

Makes 3 baguettes

  • 1 1/2 cups (12 ounces) tap water, heated to 115° F
  • 1 teaspoon (1/8 ounce) active dry yeast
  • 3 1/4 cups (14 2/3 ounces) all-purpose flour
  • 3 teaspoons (3/8 ounces) Diamond Crystal kosher salt (note: if using a fine-grained salt like table salt, fine sea salt or other brands of kosher salt, you will need to use a smaller volume)
  • Canola oil, for greasing bowl
  • 1/2 cup ice cubes
  1. Whisk together water and yeast in a large bowl; let sit until yeast is foamy, about 10 minutes. Add flour, and stir with a fork until dough forms and all flour is absorbed; let dough sit to allow flour to hydrate, about 20 minutes. Add salt, then transfer dough to a lightly floured work surface, and knead until smooth and elastic, about 10 minutes. Transfer dough ball to a lightly greased bowl, cover bowl with plastic wrap, and place bowl in a cold oven or microwave. Let dough rest until doubled in size, about 45 minutes.
  2. Transfer dough to a lightly floured work surface, and shape into an 8-inch x 6-inch rectangle. Fold the 8-inch sides toward the middle, then fold the shorter sides toward the center, like a T-shirt. Return dough, seam side down, to the bowl. Cover with plastic again, and return to oven. Let sit until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
  3. Remove bowl with dough from oven, and place a cast–iron skillet on the bottom rack of oven; position another rack above skillet, and place a baking stone or upside down or rimless sheet pan on it.
  4. Heat oven to 475° F. Transfer dough to a lightly floured work surface, and cut into three equal pieces; shape each piece into a 14-inch rope. Flour a sheet of parchment paper on a rimless baking sheet; place ropes, evenly spaced, on paper. Lift paper between ropes to form pleats; place two tightly rolled kitchen towels under long edges of paper, creating supports for the loaves. Cover loosely with plastic wrap; let sit until it doubles in size, about 50 minutes.
  5. Uncover; remove towels, and flatten paper to space out loaves. Using a sharp razor, knife, bread lame, or scissors, slash the top of each baguette at a 30–degree angle in four spots; each slash should be about 4 inches long. Pull out the oven rack with the stone or baking sheet on it and, using the corner of the parchment paper as a guide, slide the loaves, still on the parchment paper, onto the baking stone or pan. Place ice cubes in skillet (this produces steam that lets the loaves rise fully before a crust forms). Bake the baguettes until darkly browned and crisp, 20 to 30 minutes; cool before serving.
Jump to Comments (125)

Comments (125) Questions (1)


about 17 hours ago Edward

I would like for all of you to bake these loaves of bread and send them to me! Thanks! :)


2 days ago Erik Smith

Good Starting point, but I had to modify it quite a bit to get it to work properly:
10g yeast
10g Sugar
10g Salt
415g Flour
375ml water (heated to 125f)

Cut into 2 loaves (3 basically makes sandwich rolls)
Bake 45 mins

The rest of the processes good. Leads to a nicely textured, flavourful bread.


6 days ago Rebecca @ DisplacedHousewife.com

I just wanted to say that your directions are exquisite. My eleven-year old daughter made this start-to-finish, by herself, and it was amazing!!


9 days ago Julie

Active dry yeast won't foam in warm water unless there is a pinch of sugar.

You can bypass the entire yeast-in-warm-water step by using instant/ rapid rise yeast instead of active dry. Use 3/4 tsp of instant yeast in place of the 1 tsp active dry and just stir it into the flour. No need to mix it with water first.


8 days ago Nelly

Really? Does that really work? Why doesn't everyone just use instant yeast?


8 days ago Julie

It really does work! Many authors do prefer instant yeast and write recipes that call for it. The only exception might be pizza, where active dry yeast can help make a dough that is easier to stretch into shape.


7 days ago Nelly

Great, I'll try it! Thank you!!


about 16 hours ago Vanessa

The main reason people prefer active dry yeast over instant is a greater depth of flavour. I'm not sure how much of a difference it makes, but I like to know that my yeast is still alive by proofing it.
If you're using active dry yeast, definitely put a little sugar* into the water.
*or honey, or juice, or ice cream, or really anything sweet. I've even had melted gummy bears work!


about 15 hours ago Nelly

Gummy bears? That's hilarious! So you've had honey work for you? I've tried it and it didn't work for me. I'd love to use anything other than sugar. Maybe maple syrup would work?


about 15 hours ago Vanessa

I used the honey for a great braided wreath bread, and it was great! Raw honey though, not the stuff in plastic teddy bear squeeze bottles. As for maple syrup, I don't see why not! I'd love to hear how that works out for you if you try it :)


13 days ago susan

Wow, this absolutely worked for me, with the kitchen towel rollups and the recipe as is. Great and chewy baguette. I thought it was a lot of salt, but the bread tastes fine. I may decrease it by a little next time and see how it goes. I did make one change - I left the loaves on the parchment and ON the baking sheet in the final rise and then put the whole thing in the oven; I did not do a transfer onto a hot baking sheet as prescribed.


18 days ago John

They make a pan for French bread,they work great you don't need a rimless sheet pan or parchment.


19 days ago Terry

Just finished baking and; thankfully, I had no trouble. I used Rapid Rise highly active yeast (Fleischman's). I also added 1 teaspoon of sugar because so many reviewers had problems with the first step and used this change. The crust is incredibly crunchy! bu I don't think the bread has any flavor. Slathering on the butter works well! I would make these again.


20 days ago leigh frat

I don't have a rimless baking sheet. Is it necessary to move the loaves to a hot pan that's in the oven?



21 days ago Amy

I shared this recipe with my Swiss colleagues. One commented that his wife does not like the taste of the yeast here in the states. Is there a recommended brand of yeast or one that is more European in flavor than our standard varieties found in the market? (fleischmanns)


22 days ago Emily Love

As others have stated below, my yeast did not get foamy and (possibly as a result) my loaves did not rise at all! They are long flat hard pancakes as opposed to the beautiful loaves pictured above. Any tips? Would love to be able to add baguettes in to my staple bread recipes.


21 days ago Justcookin

Hi Emily -
Did you check the temperature of the water? I always use a thermometer to make sure. Having the rest of your equipment at room temp should help. If your yeast is fresh there should be no problem. As stated previously, you can add a little sugar -even 1/2 t would help the yeast. You might consider were you had the bread rise - check out methods using the oven to proof or I set it on the top of the stove , covered with the oven on. I hope this helps -


about 1 month ago Janet Kuhn Francis

I made this on a whim. My yeast didn't foam, but it did "work", so I figured it would be okay, and so it was. I did consider adding sugar and might the next time. I also didn't find the dough terribly wet, though I added some flour at each process. Also, since I was kneading by hand, 10 minutes seemed like a LOT of kneading, so I went with the smooth and elastic part, rather than the time. For the salt, I added roughly 2 t of plain old sea salt and I found it a bit bland. I will probably up the quantity and add it with the flour the next time, instead of after. The texture was a bit dense, so maybe more kneading....but the crust was wonderful. Also, I didn't even make it to 20 minutes, at about 18 it was going to be burnt if I left it in any longer. But all in all, delicious, easy, and not so daunting that I wouldn't do it again.


13 days ago Genevieve Keller

10 minutes is a standard time for hand kneading. It helps you form the gluten chains that then will allow for the gas pockets to help the loaf rise and make the holes inside.


2 months ago Liz Levy

These came out beautifully and tasted excellent. I did have to add almost an equal amount of sugar to the yeast to get it to foam as well as lower the temperature to 100-105 degrees instead of the 115 as stated above. My dough doubled every time except for the last time when in the 14" rolls. They only puffed up just a tiny bit. Once baked, the texture of the bread was thicker and denser (and heavier!) like a Ciabatta instead of the light, gaps of air, french baguette style. Did anyone get the true baguette texture and have tips to share if so?


about 1 month ago J

I had the same experience with the first loaf. I saved half the dough in the fridge and tried again a day later-this second loaf was perfect!!! It looked so sad when I put it in the oven, but puffed up within 5 minutes and came out perfect with big holes and excellent flavor/texture!!


2 months ago Ariane Volk

Can someone help with a more detailed explanation? I'm not a native speaker and i'm having trouble interpreting what happens in step 4. Can someone help? "Lift paper between ropes to form pleats; place two tightly rolled kitchen towels under long edges of paper, creating supports for the loaves", like under the baguettes? I don't get it.


2 months ago Justcookin

The "ropes" are the loaves of bread. Place the bread loaves on the parchment paper leaving space between the loaves. Raise up the parchment paper between the loaves of bread and crease them so that the loaves stay long and formed as baguettes. roll up two towels and place them on each end under the parchment paper parallel to the loaves. This will help hold the loaves in place and allow them to raise and stay in the baguette shape. I hope this helps!


2 months ago Kristen Miglore

Kristen is the Executive Editor of Food52

The step-by-step photos in the article will help too! https://food52.com/blog...


3 months ago Boomdog02

I'm thinking these baguettes are all I need for dinner..with some nice sweet butter and a glass of vino!


4 months ago John

Hi,I put the yeast in the bowl then add the warm water and wisk it,try addind a teaspoon or less of sugar .Sometimes mine doesn't get foamy but the dough still rises .


4 months ago alidee06

I am really hoping someone can help me. I CAN NOT get my yeast to get foamy! I went through three packets the first time I tried this. I am using a thermometer to reach around 115 deg. and then sprinkling the yeast in. Nothing. I threw away that yeast and bought a different brand. Again, nothing! I have tried tap water, bottled water and filtered tap water. What is going on?! HELP, I just want to make some bread!


4 months ago Tracie

This happened to me as well. I think my water was too hot even though I used a thermometer. I finally just put warm water in and it finally started to do something. I think I must have been killing it with the hot water.


3 months ago sevenfaces

Alidee - when I was making another type of bread, I found that sprinkling the yeast over a lesser amount of warm water (1/4 C) and letting it sit without whisking at all seemed to encourage a very foamy result (in general I've found the less I disturb the initial mixture of yeast and water, the foamier my results). I hope that helps, if you can bear to try again!


3 months ago sevenfaces

I should say, the other bread recipe was 1t yeast : 1/4C water. So in this recipe I think you would need 3/4C to start. Then add the rest of the water when you add the flour and etc.


3 months ago Boomdog02

could be H2o was too hot...should be baby bottle warm. Also a sprinkle/pinch of sugar or honey-helps activate the yeast and gets it foamy. I also cover the bowl with plastic wrap while it activates.


3 months ago Jenny Ly

I've found that sprinkling a little sugar in my yeast ensures that it gets activated everytime I've tried!


2 months ago Jacqueline Ogilvie

I use instant yeast for all of my bread making, which you just add to the flour dry. regular yeast is usually activated with warm water to ensure its still viable.


4 months ago sevenfaces

These baguettes turned out EXACTLY as they look in the photo, an occurrence so rare I actually screamed (for joy) when they came out of the oven! I also had to add a heaped teaspoon of sugar to my yeast to bring it to life, and it was a very very wet dough - I must have added about 1/2C flour in total across the whole process (most of it during kneading) and it turned out beautifully. SO HAPPY with the results. I ate it fresh with jam and cream. :)


4 months ago shellie

Question about the salt. It says "3
teaspoons (3/8 ounces) Diamond Crystal kosher salt (note: if using a fine-grained salt like table salt, fine sea salt or other brands of kosher salt, you will need to use a smaller volume)" -- but is the 3/8 ounces a measure by weight, as opposed to volume? (I think it's weight, since Google tells me that 3 teaspoons is 0.5 oz, and I assume that means volume....) If it's weight, then can we just use 3/8 oz of any type of salt?


13 days ago Genevieve Keller

I'm assuming that they're going by a teaspoon measure, not the weight, since the reference to kosher salt would mean that there's a little less salt in the measure because kosher is a flake salt versus granular. (Hence the "use less of a fine grain salt" comment)


6 months ago Maddie and Cady (Hungry Curious)

My new go to baguette recipe!


6 months ago Tracie

Would I be able to make the dough the night before and cook them in the morning?


6 months ago tracyn

Yes, I did that with mine. After step 2 (folding into an 8 inch square) I put my dough in the fridge so I could bake it the next day. Turned out great!