Filipino Chicken Adobo

By Shella Parcarey
May 16, 2018
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Author Notes: In my lola’s (grandmother’s) outdoor kitchen, store bought was not okay because there was no store to buy it from. Living in the Philippines countryside meant one small store for items you can’t make yourself or a kaleidoscope of makeshift stores in front of neighbors’ houses for vegetables grown in their backyards. Butter was a few towns and a ride away, slow in a jeepney through a forested hillside.

Coconut milk did not come from a can. It came from hand-cramping work. With her long hair white as clouds twisted into a neat bun away from her face, my lola would hold a coconut in one hand, machete in another and split the fruit in half before making her own coconut milk. That’s the easy part. Next step on the recipe involves sitting on a “kudkuran ng niyog.” This coconut grater is a staple tool in every traditional Filipino outdoor kitchen.

The kudkuran is a small bench with a metal grater attached to one side of the long end. To use it, you have to sit on the bench with the grater in front and with your legs apart as if you were riding a horse. After grating the coconut flesh into a bowl, you pour water onto it, take a handful and squeeze. Squeeze, repeat until you have coconut milk.

Usually, we ate backyard-to-table, growing many of our vegetables and fruits and raising our own chickens. My lola was often the butcher and the cook. Chicken adobo for dinner meant catching a chicken from the coop in our yard. Sometimes, I watched her holding the chicken upside down, its throat slit, its blood trickling into a bowl. That was the chicken I first held as a fertilized egg, then a chick, then as adobo. I grew up knowing precisely where my food came from.

Even the rice we used to soak up and savor the adobo sauce was harvested from our family farm. Sharecroppers brought them to town in sacks, the grains still in their husks and later spread out on the street in front of our house to dry out. My lola turned them with a rake every so often, working it like a Zen garden, coaxing it to dry out in the wet tropical heat. Eventually, they were bagged again and taken to the only mill in town to separate grain from husk.

This chicken adobo recipe is a homage to my lola. Granted, the toughest thing I had to do was drive to the grocery store down the street to source my canned coconut milk and already butchered and packaged organic chicken, but making and eating it means happy memories for me, learning to cook with my eyes, watching her.
Shella Parcarey

Serves: 4
Prep time: 6 hrs 20 min
Cook time: 1 hrs

Ingredients

  • 4 chicken drumsticks, skin on
  • 4 chicken thighs, skin on
  • 1/3 cup white vinegar
  • 1/4 cup soy sauce
  • 1 can unsweetened coconut milk, typically around 13 ounces
  • 6 garlic cloves, finely minced
  • 3 bay leaves
  • 1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon golden or light brown sugar
  • 1 bunch scallions, roughly sliced

Directions

  1. In a medium bowl, whisk together 1/3 cup of white vinegar, ¼ cup of soy sauce, and 1 can of coconut milk. Add the 6 cloves of finely minced garlic, 3 bay leaves, and 1 teaspoon of freshly ground black pepper.
  2. Pour the mixture into a resealable plastic bag. Add the chicken pieces and move it around a bit to make sure all the pieces are coated by the marinade. Zip the bag closed, making sure to release as much air as possible. Place into a bowl and refrigerate at least 6 hours or overnight.
  3. Remove the bag of chicken and pour the entire contents into a Dutch oven or pot large enough for stewing the pieces.
  4. Turn the heat on high and bring the chicken and marinade to a boil. Reduce the heat until you get a medium simmer. Cover the pot and cook, turning the pieces after about 20 minutes. Cook for another 20 minutes. Check to see if the chicken pieces are cooked through and almost falling off the bone. You may need to add another 10 minutes or so.
  5. Once the chicken pieces are cooked, add 1 tablespoon of golden or light brown sugar and stir it to distribute the sugar into the sauce. Cook for about another 5 minutes on medium heat until the sauce becomes thicker. Serve immediately with steamed rice. The brown sugar is optional but it gives the dish a sweet, salty savory note to the subtle tartness of the dish.
  6. Add the scallions just before serving. If you have leftovers, store the adobo in a covered bowl in the refrigerator. To reheat, just add a dash of chicken stock and heat gently in a pot on the stove at medium heat.

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