The Perfect Cup

5 Tips for Brewing Better Coffee

By • November 6, 2013 • 19 Comments

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Here at Food52, we're serious about our coffee. So we got our friends over at Stumptown Coffee to teach us everything there is to know about it -- and to make our morning (and afternoon) routines a little bit brighter.

Today: Five ways to make your cup of coffee even better, no matter how you brew it.

Coffee from Food52

Making good coffee at home is a revelation. 

Don't get us wrong, it's certainly a treat to have someone make a coffee for you. But making coffee at home, especially on a chilly morning, when you can make a perfect cup in house slippers, drink it on your couch while reading the paper or checking your Instagram feed before you’ve had to say a word to anyone or even put on a coat, seems like a miracle. 

Brewing great coffee at home is no magic feat. And it certainly doesn't require six month's rent for a home espresso machine, either. It just takes a few key elements to make a game-changing cup of coffee in your very own kitchen.

Here are a few tricks of the trade that will help.

Coffee from Food52

For starters, think fresh.
Coffee usually tastes best within two weeks of its roast date. If you have the option to buy in bulk, you should only buy as much as you and your household can drink within a fortnight. 

A good grind is hard to find.
Freshly ground coffee is unparalleled. Burr grinders are better than blade grinders -- they give you a more even grind which allows, in turn, for a better, more even extraction when it's time to brew. There are a number of less expensive hand grinders on the market that save you money in lieu of a little muscle. (At Stumptown, we love the Porlex and Hario models.) In a pinch, blade grinders work best if you give them a little cocktail shaker shimmy when grinding. But burr is best. 

Think about storage solutions. 
Coffee, like olive oil, can degrade when exposed to sunlight. So to keep it fresh, it's best to keep whole bean coffee in a well-sealed, dark glass or ceramic jar away from heat and moisture and grind it right before you brew. Otherwise, seal it up in its protective bag. Whatever you do, don't grind and freeze it. The fluctuating temperature and added moisture affects the oils and cell structure of the coffee and it ends up tasting like your freezer smells, a.k.a no bueno. 

Canisters from Food52 Storage from Food52

Heat things up.
Preheating all of your brewing equipment with hot water helps to keep the brewing temperature stable. The same is true for your mug, with the added hand-warming benefit, which makes the whole experience even better than it already is. If you use a paper filter brew method, you'll want to run hot water over the filter to rinse out the paper taste. Also, you’ll want your water temperature when brewing to be about 30 seconds off the boil or around 200° F. 

Worth its weight. 
And lastly, though tablespoons will certainly do, a scale is integral to making sure you are measuring out the right dose. Different types of coffee have different sizes and densities, so one tablespoon of a French roast, for example, will vary greatly in weight from one tablespoon of an Ethiopian heirloom coffee. But weighing your coffee is a foolproof way of getting your dose right. Any digital kitchen scale is worth its weight. (If you don’t have one, one tablespoon equals roughly 7 grams.) 

What are your tips for the perfect cup of coffee? Let us know in the comments!

Jump to Comments (19)

Tags: coffee, how-to & DIY, stumptown coffee

Comments (19)

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5 months ago Brian

Only slightly off-topic: Wheredja get that black mug? It's sweet!

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5 months ago john cohen

Great info, Katie. Indeed, you have to think fresh for a good cup of coffee!
_________________________
John Cohen
Coffeevines
https://www.coffeevines...

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6 months ago john cohen

I know I've read this article before, but re-reading it allowed me to realize how you mentioned that people should heat up their equipment first, I skipped over the last few points last time I read it. Too bad I can't do this with my k cups .

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7 months ago Michelle Stafford

Interesting read, thank you for sharing! I just wrote a blog post on my personal secrets to my perfect cup of coffee!!

http://myjourneyrx.com...

Thanks,

Michelle

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10 months ago john cohen

Well I have to say I fully support this article's amazingness. Bazinga! As an online national coffee distributor I'm always in the mood for coffee. Thanks for this :)

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11 months ago Kelley

Oh MAN - This got me in the mood for some serious COFFEE! Thanks for making such a fantastic post, I'm on my way to my coffee grinder now!

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11 months ago Morrissex

What's my best tip? Use a French Press. You will not "burn" the coffee taste.

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11 months ago Suzanne Battiston

My nespresso makes a perfect cup of coffee for me

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11 months ago AntoniaJames

AntoniaJames is a trusted source on Bread/Baking.

Very interesting, and helpful, too. What do you think about gold filters? Okay to use? Not advised? (I've been "pouring over" for decades.) Thanks! ;o)

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11 months ago MaryE

You didn't give us the weights for the different coffees. Can you supply them or a link to where I could find that. I have never heard of this.

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11 months ago Katie Bernstein

The brewing weight between coffees shouldn't fluctuate much (aside from adjusting it based on taste preferences) but the inconsistencies lie in using Tablespoons instead of grams. Stay tuned for upcoming brew guides on Food52 and on our website to help you figure out the proper weight for different brewing methods. Here's a link about why using a scale is so helpful. http://stumptowncoffee...

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11 months ago Daniel Decline

Rinsing the filter - great idea - don't know why I have never thought of it.

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11 months ago Katie Bernstein

It helps! It's interesting to rinse a paper filter and taste the rinse water. It definitely tastes like paper! Rinsing also helps to seal the filter, especially in a Chemex.

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11 months ago Larry

Good tips. Thanks. What's a rule of thumb for weight of coffee to water ratios?

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11 months ago Arizona Chef

Been weighing my coffee for years. My kids make fun of me. Start with 1.5 ounces of coffee to 12 cups water. Adjust subsequent brews based on your experience. I often use 1 3/8 ounces to 12 cups water

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11 months ago Zachary Conrad

Yeah, use about 7g (~1tbsp) coffee per 113g water (1/2 C) for French press. A little more for pour over.

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11 months ago Katie Bernstein

Weighing coffee is definitely important to keep things consistent. At Stumptown, we generally use a 1:17 coffee to water ratio. But we are big fans of experimenting and adjusting ratios based on taste preferences. Stay tuned for more specific brew guides to come!

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11 months ago tstar

Great tips, thanks Katie for sharing and congrats on the blog post.

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11 months ago Katie Bernstein

Thank you!