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Rosie's Buttermilk Biscuits

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Every week, we’re unearthing Heirloom Recipes -- dishes that have made their way from one generation's kitchen to the next.

Today: Heather Baird of SprinkleBakes lets us in on her grandmother's secrets for making perfect buttermilk biscuits.

Buttermilk Biscuits

As a child, my grandparents' farm was my favorite place on earth. It was a magical place where baby cows were bottle-fed and chickens hatched before my eyes in incubators. But as much as I loved marveling at all the life buzzing on the farm, there were other -- better -- perks of staying there. My grandmother would let me sleep in until noon and, somehow, breakfast was always ready and piping hot when I woke up. I remember sitting cross-legged at her kitchen table in front of a plateful of eggs over easy, bacon, fried potatoes, sliced tomatoes from the garden, and made-from-scratch buttermilk biscuits.

It’s the latter that tugs at my heartstrings the most. Her buttermilk biscuits sustained my grandfather as he worked in the Tennessee coal mines, and they’d been a staple at her dinner table through the Great Depression. Years later she’d bake those same biscuits for her children, then grandchildren -- and even her great-grandchildren! These biscuits are a beloved part of our family’s southern heritage.

Rosa May Finley

The recipe is simple, but as delicious as it is humble. She rendered her own lard and used it often in the biscuits, but on occasion she’d use the bacon fat saved from morning’s breakfast -- it adds a whole new dimension of flavor, a smoky richness. Rendering your own bacon fat may sound complicated, but it’s really simple. Just fry bacon on the stove top as usual, and when the bacon is crisp and all the fat has melted into the pan, pour it into a heat-proof jar. The bacon dregs (if there are any) will collect on the bottom of the jar and the bacon fat above will turn white and solid as it cools. Store the jar in the refrigerator after it cools completely. You’ll want the fat to be cold for flaky-biscuit-making.

Bacon Grease

Put a little homemade apple butter on them, and you’ve got heaven.

A pastry blender will make quick work of cutting the fat into the flour, or you can use a simple hand chopper like I do. My grandmother’s method was even more low-tech. She’d rub the fat into the flour with her fingers. 

After several minutes of blending, the fat should be roughly cut into pea-sized crumbs. 

Make a well in the center of the mixture and pour in the buttermilk.

Mix with a fork until the liquid and dry ingredients are just combined and a sticky dough is achieved. If your dough is too stiff, add 1 to 2 more tablespoons of buttermilk.

Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and then lightly sprinkle the dough with additional flour. Knead briefly and pat the dough flat with well-floured hands to 1 1/2" thickness.

Cut dough into rounds using a 3 inch round biscuit cutter or cookie cutter (here I’m using a can that once held mandarin oranges). Re-roll scraps and cut more biscuits until all of the dough is used.

Place biscuits, just touching, on a lightly greased 13 x 9-inch baking sheet.

Bake for 15 to 20 minutes, or until golden brown and fragrant.  Brush with melted butter and serve.

Rosie's Buttermilk Biscuits (recipe by Rosa May Finley)

Makes 12 

2 cups self-rising flour
2 tablespoons cold bacon fat

1 cup cold buttermilk (full fat)
2 tablespoons butter, melted

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Photos by Heather Baird 

Tags: heirloom recipes, biscuits, southern food

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Comments (9)


18 days ago culture_connoisseur

For those of us who do not eat pork products, ould I successfully substitute the bacon fat for duck fat? These look devine!


7 months ago Laura Harden

These look just like the ones my grandmother made. I grew up in VA. Thanks for sharing this treasured recipe.


almost 2 years ago reggirl

Sounds delish, but a diabetics nightmare unfortunately. They actually look like our Australian version being scones or damper.


about 2 years ago Mona

Any substitution for the bacon fat? What can I use instead? Or can I omit it?


about 2 years ago Arthur in the Garden!

Here, in The South, biscuits are served with every meal!


about 2 years ago thirschfeld

My kind of biscuit!


about 2 years ago Kathryn Von Buren

I remember the days my grandparents spent rendering lard in the kitchen. Those memories rank right up there with the afternoons spent shelling lima beans in the shade of the cherry tree.


about 2 years ago suzanne_bouza_sparks

I WILL be making these biscuits as soon as I pick up some buttermilk. I already have the bacon grease in the fridge:) Can't wait!


about 2 years ago Laura Harden

Wow, this takes me right back to Virginia. Eating perfect biscuits and gravy with scrambled eggs and garden fresh tomatoes in my own grandmother's kitchen. My grandmother always had some rendered bacon fat at the ready for cooking with. Oh, it smelled so good.