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Author Notes: Using a technique (I call it "harvesting caramel") that I haven't seen from other mainstream cookbooks, except maybe practiced in Southern cooking, this is the most labor-intensive yet madly delicious ragu that I think every one should invest a Sunday afternoon in doing. More detailed photos: http://www.ladyandpups.com/2013/10/28/the-inconvenient-ragu-th-eng/ - Mandy @ Lady and pups
Serves more than 10
- 1/3 cup (75 ml) of extra virgin olive oil
- 1/4 cup finely diced pancetta
- 21 ounces (600 grams) of fatty ground pork
- 23.6 ounces (670 grams) of ground beef (not too lean)
- 1/3 cup (10 grams) of dried porcini mushrooms
- 7 cloves of garlic, minced
- 10 sprigs of fresh thyme
- 1 tablespoon minced rosemary leaves
- 1 teaspoon chili flakes
- 2 medium stalks of celery
- 1 large onion
- 1 small carrot
- 4 dried bay leaves (or 2 fresh)
- 4 tablespoons tomato paste
- 1 piece (2"x2") of Parmigiano cheese rind/skin
- 7 1/2 cups (1250 ml) of whole milk, divided into 1 1/2 cup for each addition
- 4 cans (400 grams each/1600 grams in total) of good quality Italian peeled tomatoes
- Coarse sea salt/grey salt and freshly ground black pepper to season
- Any thick-cut fresh pasta, like tagliatelle
- 1 teaspoon unsalted butter for EACH serving
- Aged Parmigiano cheese to grate
- Extra virgin olive oil to drizzle
- NOTE: *** It’s IMPORTANT to choose the right pot for this dish. You want something that’s flat-bottomed, and wide (NOT narrow) with enough depth (but NOT deep). The wide and flat-bottom provides enough surface area for browning, and the relatively shallow depth allow steam to escape without building up on the side of the pot, which is going to drip back into the pot and stop the ingredients from browning properly. *** It’s also IMPORTANT to season along every step of the way. Season the meats while they are cooking, then season AGAIN once the vegetables are added. Then adjust/season AGAIN once the milk and tomatoes are added. Every time you add LIQUID to a pot of stew of some sort, always keep in mind that it will COOK DOWN/CONDENSE as water evaporates, so whatever tastes salty now, will tastes saltier once it’s done. *** I didn’t use wine (white or red) in this recipe as some traditional ragu might have. If you want, you can incorporate 1/2 cup of red wine in the beginning of step 2. *** The cups I used for this recipe are slightly larger than most. 1 cup = 250 ml.
- To prepare the ingredients: Finely finely mince the celery, onion carrots (smaller than dices), then set aside. I prefer doing this in a food-processor. Wash the dried porcini mushrooms to get rid of any sands and impurity, then set aside (no need to soak). Blend all the canned tomatoes with the juice inside until smoothly pureed, and set aside.
- STEP 1 – Browning the meat and vegetables (approx 30 min in total): Heat up the pan over medium-high heat and add 1/3 cup of extra virgin olive oil. Add the pancetta and cook until slightly browned, then add the ground pork and ground beef. Season with 1 tsp of sea salt/grey salt and 1 tsp of freshly ground black pepper. This is quite a large amount of meat and they WILL NOT brown immediately. Juice/liquid may ooze out but THAT’S OK, just keep cooking until all the liquid has evaporated, and that there’s a layer of browning at the bottom of the pan, approx 15 min.
- Now add the porcini mushrooms. minced garlic, fresh thyme, minced rosemary and chili flakes. Cook until fragrant. Add all the minced vegetables (celery, onion, carrot), bay leaves, tomato paste and Parmigiano rind, and season again with 1 tsp of sea salt/grey salt and 1/2 tsp of freshly ground black pepper. The vegetables will release juice/liquid which is going to “loosen” the browning on the bottom of the pan. Scrape the brownings with a wooden spatula, then just as what was done before, keep cooking until all the juice/liquid has evaporated and that there’s A BRAND NEW layer of browning forming at the bottom of the pan, approx 15 min.
- STEP 2 – Reducing milk and harvesting caramel (approx 1:40 ~ 2 hours in total): Once all the meats and vegetables have browned properly, add 1 1/2 cup of whole milk (if using red wine, add and reduce it down completely BEFORE adding the milk). Keep the heat on medium-high, and stir to evenly mix all the ingredients together. The milk will loosen the brownings and you will scrape it off with your wooden spatula to let it melt and become part of the sauce, then let it cook and the milk will completely evaporate and form ANOTHER NEW LAYER of brownings, approx 20 min. You see the repetition now, don’t you? Then you add the next 1 1/2 cup of whole milk and repeat this process. If your stove tends to heat unevenly, move around the pan to “maximize” the brownings. Don’t be afraid to let it get deeply rich and dark brown, as long as it DOESN’T BURN/BLACKEN (moving the pan also prevents partial burning due to centralized heat). You will harvest the caramel (the brownings!) in each of the 5 additions of milk, and by the end of it, you should have a pot of meat sauce that’s rich and brown with intense flavor.
- STEP 3 – Adding and reducing the tomatoes (approx 1: 30 min): Once the last/5th addition of whole milk has been added, reduced and browned, you can now add all the pureed tomatoes. Season again with sea salt/grey salt and freshly ground black pepper. Stir to evenly mix the ingredients and scrape the brownings on the bottom of the pan. Reduce the heat down to medium-low and partially cover the pan with a lid (tomato sauce SPLATTERS like crazy!). Let the sauce reduce down by 1/3 to almost 1/2. Stir occasionally to prevent burning.
- To serve: Cook the pasta (I prefer fresh tagliatelle) according to instructions. In another pan, add a couple tbsp of freshly grated Parmigiano cheese (for each serving) and little nubs of butter (about 1 tsp for each serving). Add the cooked pasta to the pan with a generous amount of ragu. Cook and stir over medium-high heat until everything’s incorporated together. Serve with more freshly grated Parmigiano cheese and drizzles of extra virgin olive oil.