Why Cane Furniture Gets Brittle and How to Protect It

March  2, 2017

Add a piece, or a set, of cane furniture to any room and the atmosphere instantly relaxes. Your proximity to the nearest beach dwindles, your vacation days increase (and inch closer), sunshine glimmers in the forecast. Barefooted-ness becomes a regular consideration. Ice cream for dinner. I'm not kidding. Have you tried it?

The plants used to make woven, natural-fiber furniture take many shapes—trees, vines, grasses, and even underwater in the case of seagrass. Beyond cane there's rattan, a climbing palm; rush, which includes bullrush, cattails, and saltwater sedges; wicker, usually made from willow; splint, from oak, ash, or hickory; and of course seagrass.

But what all of it has in common once it's become furniture is porousness, which means that, when not properly cared for, natural woven furniture can dry out and crack over time.

Photo by James Ransom

This became especially evident to me recently, when I acquired a pair of old, crackly rattan chairs. I don't mind that there's some breakage and wear on the weave from an aesthetic perspective—but I was worried about one of the seats falling through.

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So I did some poking around for a professional to restore them. I'm crafty but I don't know a thing about sourcing or weaving rattan. Fortunately, some people do: I came across Katherine Wilson, of Weaving Restoration in Southampton, New York, an incredibly adept restorer of natural, woven furnishings with a specialty in traditional weaves. While I'm saving up a mattress fund for the full and proper restoration of my chairs, Katherine was kind enough to share her tips for keeping cane furniture healthy and happy and well-moisturized.

My chairs! They are a sturdy pair, but brittle around the edges.

Follow these tips and you'll make sure your cane furniture outlives you:

Keep it out of direct sunlight.

Exposure to direct sunlight will, over time, dry out and discolor your cane furniture—and drying out is what will lead to tears and breakage in the construction. Instead, you want to keep it moisturized:

It feels wrong to be this in love with inanimate object... 😬❤️

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Our buyer Kristina also has the rattan bug. (Okay, she has the style-everyone-envies bug.)


Yes, really. One method is to keep your pieces in a room where you have a humidifier, or, if you live in a humid climate, on a covered porch. Katherine likened the ideal conditions to a cigar humidor.

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Top Comment:
“I had my 1920’s wicker chair stripped and painted, I spent a small fortune on it but now it seems like it is scratchy. What can I do now, I love the chair and it is very comfy and want to use it in my bedroom. Do you think I should put a coat of clear Krylon spray to reseal it? Please advise. Thank you.”
— Grace H.

But if your home isn't humid enough to keep a cigar hydrated (mine is decidedly not), hope isn't lost. You can give them a monthly spritz with an oil- or glycerin-based soap that's been diluted in water to work some moisture into the surface. Katherine dilutes Murphy's Oil Soap in a spray bottle of water and spritzes the chair or couch's back and underside before wiping clean with a rag. (Don't spray the top side, lest you want an oily imprint on the seat, and let the chairs fully dry before adding back any cushions.)

If you paint it, leave one side unpainted.

For the same reasons as above, your cane furniture needs to breathe or it will get crackly and dry. If you're painting it, just coat the outward-facing side, leaving the back and bottom uncoated.

Fueling the wicker obsession.

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Lots of painted wicker furniture I did not buy, but lusted over greatly, recently.

To protect the seat, use a cushion.

A flat cushion or pillow set on the seat of a cane chair will do the job of dispersing weight over the surface, easing up pressure on the center so that breakage is less likely to occur. Even if the seat of a chair has already started to give, as mine has, setting a pillow on it can stall the progression.

Or you can take it a step further by upholstering a cushion to sit atop it: Have a piece of plywood cut to be the size of the seat, add some batting atop it, lay a piece of fabric across that and staple its edges to the back of the plywood. This will put almost all of the pressure on the frame, rather than the woven seat.

The Den is equipped with a daybed for the friend that totally tagged along or not. ✌🏼️ #echoranchhouse

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Protect your wicker and you can use it till you're old and grey.

Don't let it sit in water.

Katherine sees a lot of mildew on the feet of old natural fiber furniture. Since brick and slate patios, for example, won't immediately drain, they aren't the best place for these pieces (unless you don't mind carting them inside at every sign of a shower).

And as enticing as it is, "all-weather" wicker furniture, Katherine tells me, is often made of pressed paper that's coated in a water-repelling substance, meaning that any breach in that protective surface will spell mildew in a heartbeat.

If you acquire a very old set of woven furniture that needs serious repair, but you aren't ready to pay the $1 to $3.50 per hole (or per inch) required to restore it, follow these steps for care until you can. And if you're working with something new, treat it right from the start and "it'll outlive us both," as Katherine puts it.

What other furniture care tips would you be interested in learning about? Tell us in the comments.

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Amanda Sims

Written by: Amanda Sims

Professional trespasser.


Chrissy May 4, 2019
I recently bought a antique baby buggy "stroller", its woven . can't
tell if its wicker ? its very dry and
brittel . what should i do ??? i dont want to make it whors...... ???
Grace H. January 7, 2019
I had my 1920’s wicker chair stripped and painted, I spent a small fortune on it but now it seems like it is scratchy. What can I do now, I love the chair and it is very comfy and want to use it in my bedroom. Do you think I should put a coat of clear Krylon spray to reseal it?
Please advise. Thank you.
Kate October 19, 2018
I am about to make a purchase of new indoor dining room chairs with woven rush seats. How much is the Murphy's Oil Soap diluted when used as a spray to provide some moisture to the fibers? Thanks for the article!
Donna R. September 20, 2018
I have a new rocker made with reed which I left on my outside deck covered with a rug. When I took the rug off of the rocker, a dark, brown, ‘mold-like’, dry scum covered the woven reed. How do I clean & restore it? 😈👍🐶🌈
Barbara W. March 2, 2017
What a fantastic article. I have vintage bamboo furniture that I've been moving with me from place to place. Two chairs that must be over 65 years old and while in fairly good shape, they need repair. I was wondering where I can get materials to attempt fixing them on my own.