In a large mixing bowl, cream butter and sugar until light and fluffy- 2-3 minutes. Beat in egg and vanilla. Shift together the flour, baking powder, salt and cardamom; gradually add to creamed mixture and mix well. Scrape the sides of the mixing bowl as needed.
Using a tablespoon, drop the dough 2 inches apart on a greased baking sheet. Make a depression in the center of each ball and fill with about a 1/2 tsp. of the chutney.
Bake at 350 degrees F for about 15 minutes or until lightly browned. Cool completely.