January  4, 2018
8 Ratings
Photo by Ren Fuller
  • Makes 16 pastries
Author Notes

This beautiful Italian pastry is made of many, thin layers of dough that bake up delicately crisp and encases a creamy filling made with ricotta and semolina flour. This is definitely a project, but it yields delicious and impressive pastries that are worth the effort. It makes a great weekend baking project, and is made even better with a few pairs of helping hands. The dough is rolled thin using a pasta machine—at it’s longest it will stretch about 4 feet long. For this reason, it’s ideal to have a couple sets of hands on deck to handle the dough. It is also totally possible to do alone, but you need a nice, long piece of kitchen counter (or a table) to make sure you have room to gently lay the pasta down as it comes out of the machine. See some of the step-by-step photos above and find more details in the full article!

Featured In: How to Make Swirly, Flaky, Mesmerizing SfogliatelleErin Jeanne McDowell

What You'll Need
  • DOUGH:
  • 3 cups (361 g) all purpose flour
  • 3/4 teaspoon (3 g) fine sea salt
  • 6 ounces (170 g) unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 1 cup (237 g) room temperature water
  • 6 ounces (170 g) unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 1 1/2 cups (356 g) whole milk
  • 3/4 cup (149 g) granulated sugar
  • 1 1/4 cups (204 g) semolina flour
  • 3/4 teaspoon (3 g) fine sea salt
  • 3 large (43 g) egg yolks
  • 1 vanilla bean, halved and scraped
  • zest of 1 lemon or orange (optional)
  • pinch ground cardamom (optional)
  • 2 cups (454 g) ricotta cheese
  • 6 tablespoons (85 g) unsalted butter, melted
  • powdered sugar, as needed for finishing
  1. Make the dough: in the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment, mix the flour, salt, butter, and water on low speed for 3 minutes. The dough should come together, but still look pretty rough. Raise speed to medium and mix for 3 minutes more—the dough should form a ball, but won’t look totally smooth.
  2. Divide the dough in half. Use one right away, and wrap the other in plastic wrap. On a (very!) lightly floured surface, roll the first half into a rectangle about 5 x 10 inches.
  3. Set your pasta machine or rollers to the widest setting. Run the dough through the pasta machine, then fold it in half. Repeat this process 4 more times (a total of 5), continuing to run the folded dough through at the widest setting.
  4. Unwrap the second piece of dough, and use the plastic wrap to tightly wrap up the first piece (the dough will dry out if exposed too long to air in these early stages and become harder to work with). Repeat steps 2-3 with the second piece of dough.
  5. Unwrap the first piece of dough and place it on top of the second. Use a rolling pin to press the dough together, and roll it gently until it’s about 1/2-inch thick.
  6. Run the dough through the pasta machine (still set to the widest setting), then fold it in half. Repeat a total of 10 times. After the final pass, fold the dough in half horizontally (from one long side to the other), then fold in half from one short side to the other.
  7. Wrap the dough tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 1 1/2 hours.
  8. Quarter the dough—wrap all but one piece tightly in plastic wrap. On a (very!) lightly floured surface, roll out the dough into a rectangle about 4 x 7 inches. For the next step, you’ll want to make sure you have access to a good amount of counter space, or maybe a friend or two to help (see headnote)!
  9. Set your pasta machine or rollers to the widest setting. Run the dough through the pasta machine. Flour the dough lightly as needed (I did not need to use flour at all for my dough). Continue passing the dough through the machine, making the setting smaller/narrower each time, until the dough is almost thin enough to see through—it will be about 4 feet long at this point. For me, this was the second to last setting on my pasta maker, but it may vary depending on yours!
  10. Gently lay the dough down on the counter. Working the length of the dough, gently stretch it to make it slightly wider and thinner (don’t worry; it’s very sturdy, but if you get a small rip or two, you won’t be able to tell).
  11. Spread about 1/4 (1 1/2 ounces / 3 tablespoons) of the butter (listed under “for rolling the dough”) of the butter in a thin, even layer across the dough. Starting from one of the short ends, roll the dough up into a tight spiral, leaving about 1 inch of dough unrolled up. Set aside, and cover loosely with plastic wrap.
  12. Repeat steps 8-10 with another quarter of the dough. Again, spread another 1/4 of the butter (1 1/2 ounces / 3 tablespoons) in a thin, even layer across the dough.
  13. Unwrap the first dough spiral that you rolled, and place the excess 1 inch of dough at the end of the new piece of dough, overlapping by about 1/4-inch. Continue to roll the spiral, now making the log even thicker by rolling up the whole length of the second piece of dough.
  14. The log should be about 2 inches thick and about 8 inches long. Wrap the log tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerate until firm, at least 2 hours and up to overnight.
  15. Repeat steps 8-14 with the remaining two pieces of dough.
  16. While the dough logs chill, make the filling. In a medium pot, stir the milk and sugar to combine. Bring to a simmer over medium heat. Once the milk begins to simmer, add the semolina in a slow, steady stream, stirring constantly (if needed, whisk the mixture to prevent lumps from forming).
  17. Continue to cook the mixture until it becomes thick, 1-2 minutes. Transfer to a parchment-lined baking sheet and spread into an even layer. Let cool completely.
  18. Transfer the semolina to the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the whip attachment. Add the egg yolks, scraped vanilla bean seeds, the lemon or orange zest (if using), cardamom (if using, and the salt. Whip until the semolina begins to break up.
  19. Add the ricotta and mix until the mixture is well combined and relatively smooth. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate until ready to use.
  20. Preheat the oven to 400°F, and line two baking sheets with parchment paper.
  21. Remove the dough logs from the refrigerator an unwrap. Cut each log into 8 even pieces, about 1 inch thick. Working with one piece at a time, use your fingers (pressing to flatten between your fingers) to work your way around the edge of the dough, making it thinner. Continue the same motion, but work inward toward the center of the round. The idea is to make the whole piece of dough thinner but make it kind of cone shaped. As you work, you’ll feel the layers in the dough, and it’s almost as if you’re fanning them out to create the final cone shape!
  22. Spoon about 2 tablespoons of filling into the center of the cone, fold it over so the ends meet, encasing the filling. Gently pinch the ends to seal. Transfer to the prepared baking sheet, and repeat with the remaining pieces of dough.
  23. Brush the surface of each pastry with melted butter, and bake until the pastries are very golden brown and crisp, 23-26 minutes. Rotate the trays front to back and between their racks halfway through baking, and brush with butter again.
  24. Let the pastries cool for at least 10 minutes, then dust generously with powdered sugar, and serve.

See what other Food52ers are saying.

  • ChefJune
  • Olga Koutseridi
    Olga Koutseridi
  • Nina Beyt
    Nina Beyt
  • Tina Haiser
    Tina Haiser
I always have three kinds of hot sauce in my purse. I have a soft spot for making people their favorite dessert, especially if it's wrapped in a pastry crust. My newest cookbook, Savory Baking, came out in Fall of 2022 - is full of recipes to translate a love of baking into recipes for breakfast, dinner, and everything in between!

19 Reviews

Tina H. April 29, 2020
I mean, I had my suspicions about combining 3 cups of flour and 1 cup of water. For the love of God take this down.
Tina H. April 29, 2020
Please destroy this recipe. Burn it. Bury it and salt the earth. This is a loser. I am not pleased at having wasted 3 cups of flour and one and 3/4 cups of butter during a pandemic. It is way too wet. :(
YS December 25, 2018
Besides Trump, this recipe is the biggest joke of 2018.
Nina B. December 29, 2018
Hi, YS. Can't complain about the first part of your comment but curious what you meant about the part concerning the recipe. Just seeking info here. BTW, I've never tried to make sfogliatelle, but the ones I had in Italy were heaven. Wish I had the patience.
YS December 31, 2018
Hi Nina! The dough was way too wet, so this did not allow for proper folding of the dough. The finished product was like a pie crust, not thin and flaky. I am with you and love sfogliatelle and thought it would be a great addition to our Christmas morning breakfast. I initially read the recipe off my phone which did not have the same comments by readers as pulling the recipe up from a lap top otherwise I would of noticed the other readers comment about the dough being way too wet. I am going to try and find a recipe that shows some success by readers. My comment was aggressive because I felt that if someone is going to post a recipe that is this time consuming and challenging, then they need to test it out numerous times. I truly don't believe this was done. Hope this is helpful :)
Tina H. May 1, 2020
Agreed. So sad I didn't read the comments or just use comment sense when evaluating this recipe. 3 cups of flour and one cup of water is a recipe for glue, not dough. What a headache!
Caitlin Y. November 5, 2018
We found that the dough was wayyyyy too wet as written. I do not know how we got such a different result from previous commenters. Other recipes online are typically 500g flour to 175-200 g water. We had to add a lot of flour to get it to a consistency that we were comfortable running through our pasta machine.
ChefJune July 26, 2018
I've been making these from Nick Malgieri's recipe (Great Italian Desserts) for may years, altho I was lucky enough to have an Italian pastry chef show me how to make them in his bakery. You really do have to get the strips of dough very thin in order to have the many layers of crisp pastry. Probably when you think it's thin enough, take it just a bit farther...
Olga K. June 18, 2018
I was wondering if you could tell which type of Semolina Flour you used? There are a lot of different types. Thank you.
Barbara January 21, 2018
Does this make more filling than needed? Instructions say to fill each of 16 pastries with 2 tablespoons of filling (32 T = 2 cups) but the ricotta alone is 2 cups. If there is filling left over, are there other desserts it can be used in?
Nicole January 21, 2018
Is it possible to make this without a pasta machine? Is it folly to think I might be able to do this with willpower and a rolling pin?
Dixi D. January 15, 2018
Thank you again! Just watching some videos on the technique. The book from Amazon is now in my's hoping
Laura H. March 3, 2018
I made my sfogliatelle this last week and thought of you. Did you ever get them to work?
Dixi D. January 15, 2018
Thank you so much Laura! I have another roll of dough that I put in the freezer out of frustration! I will thaw it and give it another go. I will also watch some more videos. I did squish the dough quite a bit when forming them so I guess it is possible I squashed the layers...
Laura H. January 15, 2018
No problem! I hope that’s what it was! They come out beautiful when you get the hang of it! I’m glad you still have more dough! I also found a used copy of this book on Amazon and followed his techniques for spreading out the layers: Great Italian Desserts by Nick Malgieri. You want to follow the directions for sfogliatelle ricce. He has illustrations.
Dixi D. January 15, 2018
I recently made this recipe, took the dough down to a 7 on my kitchenaid pasta sheeter. I followed the directions exactly and when the final product was baked, my pastries were more like pie crust than flaky thin layers. What do you think went wrong?
Laura H. January 15, 2018
First, I am just an avid home cook, NOT a chef, but having combined a few recipes and made these several times...I’m thinking that it’s possible you squished those layers together when shaping them before filling. I found this website very helpful for watching how to make them:
I watched several videos in Italian (that I couldn’t understand) and looked up several recipes before I first made them.
Laura H. January 13, 2018
I have watched many videos and read many recipes for sfogliatelle, which have been my favorite Italian pastry since I was little. The recipe I finally came up with is slightly different from yours, but yours sounds delicious as well. I figured I'd offer a suggestion for those making these for the first time. When I lay my sheet down on the counter, and before I start to stretch it out further, I find it easier to smear the butter (I use shortening) on then, this way I don't end up with more tears! I have also doubled my dough recipe to create a larger finished product!
Nina B. January 12, 2018
Do you recommend supermarket type all-purpose flour (GM usually), or premium AP such as King Arthur, which has a higher protein content? This is too challenging a project to not get this right!