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A Yogurt Primer

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Inspired by conversations on the Food52 Hotline, we're sharing tips and tricks that make navigating all of our kitchens easier and more fun.

Today: Meet some of yogurt's relatives -- Greek yogurt, skyr, and labneh -- and introduce them to your kitchen, if you haven't yet already.

Yogurt Primer

Not so long ago, a trip to the yogurt section of the grocery store revealed the usual suspects: fruit on the bottom, a few sugary kids’ versions, nothing too exciting. It was a simpler time. But in the past few years, yogurt has exploded as a go-to breakfast, snack, and cooking ingredient. Now, many grocery stores carry tons of yogurt options, like Greek yogurt, skyr, and labneh -- the aisle seems to continue forever.

For those of you feeling overwhelmed by the possibilities, we've compiled a cheat sheet on the types of yogurt you can find -- and the best ways to use them -- so you can shop with ease and find your perfect yogurt match.

Yogurt Primer
From left to right: Regular full-fat yogurt, Greek yogurt, skyr, and labneh.

Plain Old Yogurt
Let's start by going back to basics. Yogurt is made by combining milk and live cultures -- it's easy enough to make at home. Full-fat, plain yogurt is fairly thin and light, so it's great to use in dressingsmarinades, dips, soups, and in place of cream or buttermilk (just water it down to the right consistancy). Full-fat yogurt is almost always your best bet for cooking, since it's less likely to break.

More: If you like things sweeter, make your own fruit yogurt.

Blueberry Fool Recipe

Greek Yogurt: The Popular Kid
Greek yogurt has become tremendously popular in the last few years. It's made by straining out some of the whey in regular yogurt, which makes it a lot thicker, higher in protein, and tangier than regular yogurt (a higher concentration of lactic acid contributes to this tang). Use Greek yogurt in everything from deviled eggs and creamed spinach to tortes and frozen yogurts -- you can even use it in place of sour cream when you're in a pinch.

More: Get all the tools you need to make both regular and Greek yogurt on Provisions.

Mango Yogurt with Granola Recipe

Skyr: The Icelandic Transplant
Skyr is sort of like the Icelandic version of Greek yogurt, but it's even thicker than its Mediterranean counterpart: If you were to strain Greek yogurt, you would get skyr. It's usually a bit creamier than Greek yogurt and has even higher levels of protein.

Skyr has been made since the Middle Ages in Iceland, often using raw milk, and the yogurt still plays a large role in Icelandic cuisine today (like in the dish hræringur: half skyr and half porridge, mixed together). Though skyr is still new to the United States, it's gaining in popularity as an alternative to Greek yogurt; its creaminess is perfect for mixing into smoothies and using as a base for granola.

Labneh Recipe

Labneh: The Yogurt Cheese
Native to the Middle East, labneh (also spelled labaneh, lebnah, labne, or labni) is sort of in its own category, falling somewhere between yogurt and cheese: It is considered a cheese, a yogurt, and a yogurt cheese, depending on who you ask. Its thickness is close to that of cream cheese.

The main difference between yogurt and cheese is in the starter that's added to the milk; labneh is often made using yogurts, usually Greek. It is a great way to try yogurt in a savory context if you've never done so before (and you should) -- add it to shakshuka, or use it as a dip for vegetables or pita. If you want to serve it for dessert too, Alice Medrich has just the thing.

What's your favorite kind of yogurt? How do you cook with it? Tell us in the comments!

Tags: kitchen confidence, yogurt, skyr, labneh, Greek yogurt, yogurt primer, dairy, ingredients, breakfast, iceland, is it yogurt or is it cheese?

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