Chocolate Éclairs

April 28, 2017
2 Ratings
Photo by Julia Gartland
  • Prep time 1 hour 30 minutes
  • Cook time 20 minutes
  • Makes 12-14 éclairs
Author Notes

Like most pastry chefs, I endlessly test a recipe to get it exactly how I want it. But every now and then, I’m reminded that perfection can be a function of too many interrelated variables. Who says that a single recipe will work perfectly for every cook in every oven on any given day? Some recipes need to be practiced and perfected in one’s own kitchen—what works in someone else’s may not work the same in yours. Fortunately, these chocolate éclairs are perfectly imperfect—that is, they are exquisitely delicious, even as works in progress! (We at Food52 highly recommend that you read Alice's full guide, here.

2 baking sheets
A large pastry bag
A plain 3/4-inch tip for piping the shells
A plain 1/4-inch sized pastry tip for filling the éclairs. —Alice Medrich

What You'll Need
  • For the Choux paste:
  • 6 tablespoons (85g) unsalted butter, cut into small pieces
  • 4 teaspoons sugar
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 3/4 cup water
  • 1/4 cup milk
  • 1/2 cup (65g) all purpose unbleached flour
  • 1/2 cup (65g) bread flour
  • 4 large eggs
  • 1 egg white
  • For the filling and glaze:
  • 3 cups (triple recipe) of Vanilla Rice Pastry Cream (link in directions) or your favorite pastry cream, chilled
  • 4 ounces (115g) dark chocolate (55% to 70% cacao), not chocolate chips
  • 6 tablespoons (85g) unsalted butter
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons light corn syrup
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons water
  1. For the Choux paste:
  2. You will need 2 baking sheets, a large pastry bag, a 3/4-inch plain tip for piping shells, a 1/4-inch plain tip for filling the eclairs. My filling method makes it completely unnecessary to have the special long eclair tip shown in one photo.
  3. In a non-convection oven, plan to bake one sheet at a time. Preheat the oven to 400° F with a rack in the lower third. (For a convection oven, you'll need four baking sheets; adjust the temperature according to your oven's instructions.)
  4. Make two parchment paper templates the size of your baking sheets as follows: Draw 2 sets of heavy parallel guidelines 4 1/2 inches apart (to make 4 1/2 inch éclairs shells) on each parchment.
  5. Whisk the whole eggs and the egg white together briefly. Divide the egg mixture into unequal portions—3/4 cup and 1/4 cup—and set both bowls near the stove. (Set aside any extra egg in a different bowl.)
  6. Put the butter, sugar and salt with water and milk in heavy bottom saucepan 7 to 8 inches in diameter. Bring the liquid to a simmer over medium heat, stirring frequently so that butter is completely melted by the time the liquid simmers. If it seems like the butter will not be melted in time, slide the pot off the burner and stir until the butter is melted, then return the pot to the burner and continue.
  7. When the liquid is simmering, dump all of the flour into the pot and commence stirring briskly with a wooden spoon or spatula until all of the flour and liquid are blended and form a stiff paste resembling mashed potatoes, with no patches of dry flour. Continue stirring—spreading, and mashing the paste over the bottom of the pan and gathering it back together again—for 4 to 5 minutes to cook the flour and dry the paste sufficiently to absorb the eggs that will be incorporated in the next step. Some crust will form on the sides and bottom of the pot (don’t try to scrape and blend it back into the paste)—and your arm will be tired before you are finished.
  8. Turn the hot paste into the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with a paddle (or a bowl in which you can operate a handheld electric mixer). Mix at low speed for 3 to 5 minutes until the paste has cooled to 103 degrees.
  9. Beating on medium speed, pour in the 3/4 cup of eggs in a slow, steady stream. Scrape the sides and bottom of the bowl as necessary, and if the mixture does not form a cohesive mass, turn the mixing speed up briefly to bring it together. Once the eggs are beaten in, turn the mixer off. If the batter is glossy and soft enough that it slumps slowly downwards from the beater—or falls very slowly from a big spoon—no more egg is needed. Beat the paste for another 2 minutes at medium speed.
  10. If the batter is dull and does not slump or fall slowly, judiciously add in as much of the last 1/4 cup of eggs as it takes to meet the criteria described and then beat for the last 2 minutes. (Combine all leftover egg and set aside for egg wash—whisked with a little water until paint-able—and/or breakfast.)
  11. Form and bake the choux: Set one template upside down on a baking sheet, and the other upside down on the counter. Fit the pastry bag with the large tip and fill with the paste. Pipe 6 or 7 fat fingers, 4 1/2 inches long, on each template, preparing your first and second batch. Use a natural bristle pastry brush to brush the fingers lengthwise with water or egg wash. (Dip the brush and remove excess liquid against the side of the bowl before brushing.) Rake the brushed fingers gently with the tines of a form. (Brushing and raking all help the shells to expand more evenly in the oven—if your piping is not smooth or even, use the brush to even them up.)
  12. Set the baking sheet with choux on a second baking sheet (turned upside-down if rimmed) and set the ensemble in the oven. (Double sheeting protects the bottoms of the shells from becoming too dark before the shells are fully baked). Bake 15 minutes without opening the oven. Shells should be puffed and golden. Rotate the baking sheet front to back and turn the oven down to 375° F. Bake 15-18 minutes until the shells are more brown than golden brown (pale shells will be under-baked inside, soft on the outside, and may collapse as they cool).
  13. Transfer individual shells from the pan to a cooling rack. Turn the oven temperature back up to 400°, and set pans aside to cool.
  14. While shells are still hot drill two holes in the bottom of each one as follows: insert the tip of a paring knife one inch from one end of a shell and rotate it like a drill until the hole is slightly larger than 1/4 inch. Repeat one inch from the opposite end of the shell. (Holes release steam and are handy for filling later). Let shells cool completely.
  15. Once the pans are cooled, slide the second drawn-on parchment sheet with the piped choux on it onto one baking sheet, double sheet it by putting it atop the second baking sheet, and repeat instructions above for your second batch of éclair shells.
  1. For the filling and glaze:
  2. When shells are completely cool, you can fill them with cream (, or, better yet, freeze them for another day. Fresh or frozen, shells can be re-crisped (without thawing) on a baking sheet in a preheated 375 F oven until very hot to the touch, 6-8 minutes. Twice baking is not only an excellent hack whenever shells do not turn out quite as crispy as you want them to be, but might even make the best shells of all!
  3. To fill éclairs, scrape the pastry cream into a clean, dry, pastry bag fitted with the plain 1/4-inch tip. Cradle a shell in your palm and insert the tip of the bag into one hole. Squeeze cream into the shell until it wants to ooze back out. Repeat with the second hole. Scrape off any cream that has oozed and set the éclair right side up on a tray. Repeat with the remaining éclairs. Chill before glazing.
  4. Make the glaze: Melt the chocolate with the butter, corn syrup, and water in a stainless steel bowl set directly in a wide skillet of almost simmering water. Stir frequently until the chocolate is almost entirely melted. Remove the bowl from water and stir to finish melting the chocolate. Use immediately or set aside until later.
  5. To glaze éclairs, cool freshly made glaze (or gently reheat glaze that has set) to 88-90 F and pour it into a container long enough to fit an éclair, such as a small loaf pan, or a wide bowl. Dip the top of each chilled pastry into the glaze. Refrigerate immediately to set the glaze. Store éclairs in the refrigerator. They are best within 8 hours or filling, but still darned good for another day or two.

See what other Food52ers are saying.

  • silverblue78
  • B Nelson
    B Nelson
My career was sparked by a single bite of a chocolate truffle, made by my Paris landlady in 1972. I returned home to open this country’s first chocolate bakery and dessert shop, Cocolat, and I am often “blamed” for introducing chocolate truffles to America. Today I am the James Beard Foundation and IACP award-winning author of ten cookbooks, teach a chocolate dessert class on, and work with some of the world’s best chocolate companies. In 2018, I won the IACP Award for Best Food-Focused Column (this one!).

2 Reviews

silverblue78 April 20, 2021
My son has discovered a love for eclairs and has asked for an eclair cake for his birthday. Do you have any advice for baking the choux in a single round? Also, how far in advance do you think I could bake the choux before filling it with the pastry cream?

Full disclosure: I have not made choux or pastry cream before, but want to try with my soon-to-be 10yo son as a birthday project
B N. July 11, 2017
I made these the other day, and for my very first eclair attempt I feel they turned out great! A few notes that I had:

- Where we live it's difficult to find rice flour so I used the pastry cream recipe from Yossi Arefi's crepe cake... it was delicious but a little oozy from the bottoms of the eclairs... not sure if Alice's recipe is firmer?

- I had to drill 3 holes in the bottom of my eclairs to get cream distributed fully throughout.

- We've been keeping them in the freezer and pulling out a few at a time for "on demand" eclairs. I wonder how long they would last like this... I expect we'll be through ours in about another week.

- I was surprised at how dry and hollow they turned out. I followed the recipe as closely as I could and it worked! They would not be presentable in a pastry case but they taste great.

For the record, I have very limited experience with this type of cooking/baking and they still turned out for me - so y'all should give it a try!