One-Pot Wonders

Fish Baked in Foil with Fennel and Lime

February 21, 2011
2 Ratings
  • Serves 4 to 6
Author Notes

Pretty much everything my husband and I consumed at Kiwayu Safari Village -- a lovely eco-resort right on the Indian Ocean in Kenya -- involved lime in some way: from the virgin Dawa (lime juice mixed with water and a little sugar) we were offered as a refreshment when we first arrived (welcome drinks seem to be standard in East Africa, and I'll admit I kind of wish we had them here), to the wedges of lime served alongside fresh octopus salad or dressed crab at lunch, to the paper-thin slices of lime layered on top of the beautiful whole baked fish presented to us at the dinner table one night. This is an adaptation of the recipe, given to me by the chef at Kiwayu, for the whole baked fish with lime -- in addition to the lime slices that get laid on top of the fish, the fish gets bathed in a delicate marinade of lime juice, olive oil and cilantro before baking. —Merrill Stubbs

What You'll Need
  • 1 medium whole fish, about 2 1/2 pounds (I used striped bass), cleaned and scaled
  • 1/4 cup freshly squeezed lime juice
  • 1/2 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup roughly chopped cilantro
  • Salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper
  • 1 fennel bulb
  • 1 large red onion
  • 1 large lime, very thinly sliced
  • 1 tablespoon unsalted butter, in small chunks
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  1. Heat the oven to 325 degrees F. Rinse the fish under cold water and dry well with paper towels.
  2. In a large, wide bowl, whisk together the lime juice, olive oil, cilantro, a few generous pinches of salt and the pepper. Add the fish to the marinade, turning to coat and getting some inside the cavity. Set aside for about 10 minutes while you prepare the rest of the ingredients.
  3. Halve the fennel bulb and thinly slice one half. Cut the other half into 1/8-inch dice. Do the same with the onion.
  4. Take two pieces of aluminum foil and fold them together so that they form big piece (see photo below). Lay the foil shiny-side down on a large, rimmed baking sheet. Arrange half of the sliced red onion, sliced fennel and lime along the middle of the foil, over an area roughly the same size as the fish.
  5. Remove the fish from the marinade and slather the cavity with the mustard. Then scatter the butter chunks and the chopped onion and fennel inside the cavity, filling it just enough that it looks plump, without the vegetables spilling out all over the place.
  6. Lay the fish gently on top of the sliced vegetables, and then arrange the rest of them on top of the fish, finishing with a row of lime slices. Start to fold up the foil so that liquid won't seep out the sides, and then drizzle the marinade over the top of the fish. Fold and crease the foil into a neat package, leaving a little space between it and the fish. Put the fish (on the baking sheet) in the oven and bake for 45 minutes to an hour, until the fish is cooked through. Serve with boiled herbed potatoes and a salad.

See what other Food52ers are saying.

  • Sherry Rose
    Sherry Rose
  • Merrill Stubbs
    Merrill Stubbs
  • Carlos Walker
    Carlos Walker
  • kgindermaur

4 Reviews

Carlos W. June 22, 2015
This more Jamaican dish to me , we used red snapper with okra and calaloo and other herbs and spices and placed foil paper enjoy with a Heineken beer, Yea Mon.
Sherry R. March 31, 2015
Any substitute for fennel?
Merrill S. March 31, 2015
Celery might be nice. Or, you can just leave it out.
kgindermaur July 7, 2013
So delicious! I made this recipe with Mexican redfish (a Gulf of Mexico fish - it was on sale at Whole Foods) and it worked perfectly. I read several articles online that recommended baking any fish at 400 Fahrenheit for 15 minutes per inch of thickness, plus an extra 5-10 minutes if the fish is wrapped in foil (as it is here), which helped me end up with tender but opaque fish. The fennel/lime/red onion combo is divine!