I have a drawer just for adhesives in my storage unit at home. There are so many varieties of glue in the world! Combined, they can solve just about any household snafu or help finish off any DIY project.
Below, my favorite types, brands, and how to use them all:
Uses: For small craft and hobby projects, including paper projects. It's great for gluing paper to just about anything and is my go-to for smaller, bitsy craft projects that don't entail heavy-duty materials like metal. It's also great for small, odd objects: shells, buttons, etc. Aleene's is water-based and non-toxic, and comes in varying sizes (I recommend the largest one available as I use it so often). The only downside here is that it's a little thick and therefore takes some time to dry—but there's a quick-dry version if you're in a hurry!
Uses: For craft projects involving wood-to-wood adhesion (especially larger wood objects, where craft glue just won't do the trick). Wood glue is great for projects around the house, too—that loose knob or chipped piece wood furniture in need of a quick repair.
Uses: For gluing fabric to fabric (lace, leather, denim, etc!) and non-fabric materials to fabric (beads, trim, metal embellishments). This bond takes a bit longer to set (24 hours), but it's worth it: That patch for your jean jacket isn't going anywhere.
Uses: Decoupage glue doubles as an adhesive and a sealant. It's miraculous and dries clear—perfect for adhering specialty paper, photos, fabric, or most small objects to multiple surfaces, especially wood. I like to think of it as another version of a laminator! Whatever you're adhering truly stays put under a magic blanket of clear, adhesive coating.
Uses: This non-toxic, permanent fabric adhesive is best when used on porous fabrics (not to be used on heavier denim, canvas, linen, etc). It's perfect for mending rips or tears as it literally stalls the damage. Hence the name. I use Liquid Stitch to stop cut fabric from fraying.
Uses: Spray mount is so cool. This adhesive is just the ticket for more serious paper projects when you really want to get a perfect, clean (and strong!) adhesion—it leaves little room for imperfections (like when the ends of a piece of paper want to stick up). Spray mount is also the best option when adhering paper to any surface (or, paper to paper like this recent envelope lining project). Also, it's re-positionable! Once you spray, you have a few moments to move whatever you are glueing around. Best to use this glue near an open window and be sure to cover any surface you are spraying on (or you may be sticking to that surface for weeks to come).
Uses: This is a real-deal, permanent glue—for those heavy-duty projects entailing wood, metal, concrete, glass, you name it. I've used it to fix the handle of broken ceramic mug at home and a chipped planter. I prefer this adhesive for projects that adhere two strong substances: a copper end-cap and wood (this project), metal to metal (this project), or glass and just about anything!
Uses: Great for all craft projects that are relatively small-scaled (glueing plastic to plastic, plastic to metal, odd objects to anything! (I once covered an entire headband blank with 200 mini acorns using a glue gun). It's probably the glue I use most, as it's hands-down the quickest way to get one relatively simple material to stick to another—though I wouldn't use it for heavier objects. Remember, it's HOT. Like, really hot, and not advisable to use around or with kids unless you're the only one in control of it.