Baking Club

Parchment or Silicone Mat—Which Is Better for Baking?

December 21, 2017

Like many of you, I bake a lot of cookies. So much so, that when The New York Times story broke warning of the risks of eating foods made with uncooked flour, my neighbor, possibly concerned I was moments away from eating raw cookie dough (not unreasonably), made sure to tell me about it immediately.

But for all of the batches I've made, I've spent remarkably little time thinking about what I'm baking them on. I tend to reach for my silicone baking mat more often than parchment paper (since it’s infinitely more reusable than parchment) unless a recipe specifies for one or the other. I’d never given much thought to the impact either might have on baking until Baking Club member Jacqueline Mensinger shared a photo (below) with a side-by-side comparison—the cookies baked on parchment paper are noticeably puffier.

Lofthouse-style cookies are significantly loftier when baked on parchment. Photo by Jacqueline Mensinger

We all wondered what was going on, and when another member, Katie Miller Armendariz, asked if it's okay to use a silicone mat when a recipe calls for parchment, Stella Parks filled us in on the difference:

Parchment keeps cookies from spreading too much in the oven, and keeps their texture nice and light. Silicone encourages more spread, reduces conductivity, and can often cause baked goods to sweat on the bottom as they cool which can make the texture a little weird.

So when to use one or the other? Here are a few guidelines to follow:


Aside from stopping cookies from creeping, parchment should be your go-to choice if the recipe calls for cutting it to fit a pan (unless you're ready to sacrifice an old silicone mat for a good cause, more on that below). Parchment is also a smart choice when you want to be able to trace guides for yourself (remember to flip the paper after drawing), like for a pavlova or cream puffs.

Silicone Mat

Aside from using silicone mats when you do want to encourage cookie spreading, there are other good times to turn to silicone. Medrich tells us that tuiles will brown better on silicone than tuiles baked on parchment—plus they'll hold their shape well. And, if you have a silicone mat that's on its last legs, Medrich shows you to turn it into a mold for tiny ice cream cones. Dorie Greenspan says you can use either silicone or parchment for macarons, but notes that you'll get better results with a silicone mat.

Do you have specific things you prefer to bake on parchment or silicone mats? Tell us all in the comments.

This month, our Baking Club is baking through Yotam Ottolenghi and Helen Goh's cookbook Sweet: Desserts from London's Ottolenghi. Head here for details on how to participate and what books we’ll be covering in the new year.

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Lauren Miller
    Lauren Miller
  • Rachel
  • beyondcelery
  • Eli Cizewski-Robinson
    Eli Cizewski-Robinson
  • ktr
I like esoteric facts about vegetables. Author of the IACP Award-nominated cookbook, Cooking with Scraps.


Lauren M. August 23, 2023
I know parchment is generally preferred for baking cookies but what about baking cakes? Sheet and layer cakes to be exact.
Rachel January 2, 2019
I only use parchment for lining pans for baking cakes, brownies, and bar cookies. I don't want to create any additional solid waste garbage, even to get cookies that are a smidge puffier. Please tell us, what exactly is parchment paper made out of? Is is compostable? Silicon mats are genius for making scones. I barely mix them in a bowl, turn the floury mess on to the mat. Pat into shape, cut into wedges, and scoot the wedges apart before sliding on to a cookie sheet to bake. So easy!
beyondcelery December 22, 2017
A friend recently gave me reusable parchment paper and I'm in love! It seems to allow cookies proper "puff" while making everything simpler to clean up. My silicone mat is now where I roll out my dough. Does a stellar job there and makes the gluten-free pie crust flip super easy.
Eli C. December 22, 2017
I love the silicone mats for reheating pizza in my toaster oven, so much easier to clean than the metal tray that i used to use. I almost always use the mats because they are less wasteful and I don't run out like I used to all the time with parchment paper :)
ktr December 21, 2017
I stopped using my silicone mats for baking. They have been moved to my laundry/sewing room where I use them for projects that use heat-n-bond. For some reason, it keeps the glue sticky so I don't have to pin appliques, they stay adhered with the glue from the heat-n-bond. I suppose I could use them for baking still but it just doesn't seem right to use them for crafts and baking.