Why Isn't Everyone Talking About Cuban Pizza?

A love letter to Miami's cheesiest hidden gem.

October 24, 2019

I have to pick up my partner, John, from Miami International Airport. His flight arrives past midnight, and while this may cause many locals to groan, I’m actually excited. Any reason to be in the western parts of Miami-Dade County is also a reason to have pizza cubana. The existence of two 24-hour Cuban pizzerias minutes from Miami’s airport also means that we've created our own tradition of treating ourselves to these cheesy, fluffy pizzas any time one of us flies into MIA.

This particular style of pizza is said to have originated on Varadero Beach in Cuba, a popular holiday destination for many people on the island. Allegedly, the originator moved to Miami after the communist revolution and reopened his famous pizzeria, Montes de Oca. Visit any of the handful of locations scattered across western Miami, and the sign will remind you that it is the original Cuban pizza.

The founder of Rey Pizza, another local Cuban pizza chain, contests that claim. Regardless of who you believe to be the true originator, most Miamians who are familiar with this style of pizza can agree that Montes de Oca and Rey Pizza are local institutions. But they aren’t the only Cuban pizzerias in town.

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Since the Cuban exile community made Miami its home over 50 years ago, Cuban pizza has become ubiquitous in the city. However, it doesn’t seem to be as celebrated as some of our other Cuban specialties, like Cuban sandwiches, guava pastries, and espresso.

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Top Comment:
“I am wondering if the cuban pizza is something that grew organically/isolated incident solely a cuban invented food or perhaps, a pre revolution italian/american influence brought tto cuba and, of course, as all cuisine does when immigrates take their culinary skill aboard, it took on a local twist based on available ingredients? Would be interested in hearing further evolution on the Cuban Pizza. Food evolution is really quite interesting. ”
— MarZig

Growing up, we’d always drive past Rey Pizza, with its bright red and yellow awning and an illustration of a caped king holding a box of pizza. My father, who is Peruvian, would always joke about it, reciting what he thought was a gaudy ad spot on Spanish language television. I’ll never forget it: “Rey Pizza. Tu pizzería. Pizza de noche, pizza de día. ¡Y sigo siendo el rey!” ("Rey Pizza. Your pizzeria. Pizza by day, pizza by night. And I’m still the king!”). That last line was a reference to a famous Spanish ballad, and to the fact that Rey means “king” in Spanish, implying that Rey Pizza was the king of Cuban pizza.

We never actually ate at Rey Pizza. My father claimed to have eaten there once and was so put off by the experience that he was committed to recounting his torturous experience (he had a flair for melodrama) any time he could. My father’s unfavorable opinion of Cuban pizza may have been reflective of his views on Cubans, in general. He wasn’t alone on this in Miami. Many non-Cuban Latinos I knew shared the sentiment. Maybe it was that we envied Cubans for the influence their community had in Miami and the relative ease with which they could become legal U.S. residents. Or that we looked down on them for their informal Spanish, which sounded slurred to us. Or that they weren’t Peruvian like us.

As a result of these attitudes, I admit that I grew up believing there wasn’t much to Cuban culture or its rich cuisine. I never even thought to try Cuban pizza for myself until I started college locally at Florida International University. There was a Rey Pizza by my campus, and one night, I convinced my friends to drive me there to grab a large chorizo pizza in between running numerous errands. I didn’t get to taste the pizza until an hour later when we returned to campus. The cold, stale pie confirmed my father’s description of his experience. That was enough for me. I never revisited Rey Pizza or any other Cuban pizzeria for years.

Over time, I reconsidered my stance on Cuban food. I ended up working in an office with a large number of Cuban and Cuban-American employees and had lunch with a group of computer programmers who all attended the same high school in Havana. It was during our lunches that I gained a better appreciation of Cuban cuisine and its delicious particularities. One thing that fascinated me was how my lunch buddies would cut a ripe banana with their knives and forks and take bites of it in between rice, beans, and stew. This sophisticated balance of sweet and savory signaled to me that there was much more to Cuban cuisine than what I was raised to believe.

For a few weeks, I was the assistant to a Cuban-American woman who came from a long line of cooks and farmers. She told me about Cuban pizza, and how much of a treat it was when she was living in Cuba as a little girl. She had a faraway look when she described the fluffy crusts and stretchy cheese, how they were folded in half and eaten like sandwiches. I woke her from her reverie to ask where I could sample such pizza. She directed me to Pa’ Comer in Hialeah, which she insisted was closest to the pizza she had in Cuba and met the standards of her family’s discerning tastes.

My partner and I finally got around to visiting Pa’ Comer, a tiny pizzeria in a small strip mall along with a botánica (a store that sells Afro-Cuban religious articles). Inside, a menu board listed the types of pizzas on offer; almost all of them came in one size intended for individual consumption (fine by us). John ordered pepperoni; I ordered chorizo. We were asked if we wanted it folded or picada, a very Cuban way of saying “sliced,” though it actually means “diced” or “minced” in other Spanish-speaking countries.

I hung around to watch how our pizzas were made: Plump mounds of dough were already preloaded into deep pie pans with dark, lustrous patinas. Deft fingers bounced on the dough mounds, lightly stretching them to the edges of the pan, and the same fingers later grabbed a paintbrush to apply a light coat of tomato sauce to the crust before grabbing handfuls of cheese—a combination of mozzarella and gouda—and letting it fall all over the dough and sauce, covering the surface completely. The pizzas received an even distribution of their respective toppings before going into a conventional electric pizza oven. A few minutes later, when the sassy abuela manning the counter shouted that el chorizo and el pepperoni were ready, we grabbed our pizzas and sat down to eat.

The pizza was unlike any other I had ever eaten, yet it had familiar, nostalgic elements. The crust was thick, soft, and yeasty, almost as if it were made from a dinner roll recipe. It featured a brown halo of toasted cheese that resembled the crown of thorns on the life-size statue of Jesus at the botánica next door. It wasn’t like those gourmet pizzas that elicit highly detailed praises of chewiness and char, the sauce’s balance of acidity and sweetness, or the provenance of the mozzarella. It was simple, accessible, and extremely satisfying. It reminded me of something comforting from my past, though I couldn’t quite put my finger on it.

While we both enjoyed our pizzas, I was paying attention to the clientele. What most of these patrons had in common, I’d say, was that they were “refs.” A ref, short for refugee, is a very Miamian colloquialism that refers specifically to more recent Cuban immigrants—those who had spent much of their lives in communist Cuba. Miami’s right-leaning Cuban establishment has traditionally treated these more recent arrivals with ambivalence, seeing them as fellow Cubans but also as communist traitors. There’s a class distinction, as well (which doesn't help).

What I’ve learned from my Cuban friends over the years is that while Cuban pizza had existed in Cuba before the revolution, it was actually much more popular with those who had grown up in the communist country than it was with the older Cubans in Miami, or with their first-, second-, and third-generation Cuban-American children. This explains the clientele at Pa’ Comer and, I think, why Cuban pizza has yet to catch on in a more significant way here in Miami, and even in America.

Newfound taste for pizza cubana in tow, I sought out other Cuban pizzerias whenever I had the chance, like La Cubanita, a newer addition to the local Cuban pizza scene. This pizzeria had a dining room, unlike Pa’ Comer. You could order a large pizza to share, as well as spaghetti, lasagna, and Cuban-style ice cream sandwiched between slices of yellow cake. This time around, I decided to go for something a little more unique on my pizza: sliced banana! I recalled those lunches with my Havana coworkers and figured that I should give it a shot. I was surprised at how well this worked on pizza. If you’re a fan of pineapple on your pie, then you should definitely give Cuban banana pizza a try.

My lunch buddies would cut a ripe banana with their knives and forks and take bites of it in between rice, beans, and stew. This sophisticated balance of sweet and savory signaled to me that there was much more to Cuban cuisine than what I was raised to believe.

Eventually I got around to visiting “la original pizza cubana,” Montes de Oca. The location on Miami’s famous Calle Ocho (8th Street) is definitely a little more “lived in” than the other Cuban pizzerias I had visited. There’s fake wood paneling on the walls that complements the bright red vinyl upholstery and strategically placed silk flower arrangements. Our waitress was sassy, not hesitating to comment on my friend’s order of a Coca-Cola and a Cuban espresso (“You’re going to leave here flying, baby!”).

After we had devoured a plate of garlic rolls and a bowl of the restaurant’s signature creamy cheese soup, we ordered a mixta pizza for the table. The mixta pizza is Montes de Oca’s version of a "supreme," containing ham, pepperoni, chorizo, ground beef, mushrooms, red onion, green and red peppers, and green olives between a fluffy crust and a thick layer of melted mozzarella and gouda. I became so enamored with Montes de Oca that I returned several more times, including once after midnight (it’s open 24 hours a day).

I even made it back to Rey Pizza with my partner in tow. The West Flagler location is designed to look like a castle on the outside, and inside the restaurant features branded napkin rings, straws, and Styrofoam cups that make nifty mementos. The selection of pizza toppings mirrors that of every other Cuban pizzeria I've been to: pepperoni, ham, chorizo, bell peppers, ground beef, shrimp, and sliced banana. This time around, I wasn’t going to wait a whole hour to dig into my chorizo pizza, and I also understood enough about this unique style of pizza to fully appreciate it. Again, this pizza tasted familiar, recalled the edges of a memory I still couldn’t quite put my finger on—until John said it reminded him of pizza day in grade school. He was right! Cuban pizza embodies everything I loved about school cafeteria pizza growing up. Few words were exchanged as we nestled into the warm, gooey comfort of what has become, to this day, our favorite style of pizza.

It’s not fancy pizza by any means, and pizza snobs may even argue that it’s of poor quality. In addition to Cuban pizza’s association with “refs,” this is probably one of the main reasons why few locals seem to tout it as a culinary specialty in spite of its ubiquity in Miami. New York and Italian standards largely shape our idea of what a “good” pizza is supposed to be. Snowbirds and transplants from the Northeast are quick to remind us how Miami doesn’t have good pizza, and our apparent status as a “pizza desert” has warranted Paulie Gee’s, Roberta’s, and Artichoke Basille’s to set up outposts throughout town. I welcome the additions to our dining scene, but I also insist that Miami is not a pizza desert by any means.

Cuban pizza is a far departure from the thin, floppy New York slices or the even thinner Neapolitan variety. In a sense, it's very much like my hometown. It has no parallel anywhere else in the United States. It has Cuban roots but has established itself in Miami in its own right. Pizza cubana is essentially Miami’s own unique contribution to American pizza styles, and it’s definitely something you should experience whenever you visit my hometown. I’ll take you.

This piece was originally published in August 2018, but we wanted to bring it back because it's delicious.

Have you ever tried Cuban pizza? Let us know in the comments below.

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • MarZig
  • Joey Cost
    Joey Cost
  • Marta
  • Jeanette Svensk Li
    Jeanette Svensk Li
  • Jason Weisberg
    Jason Weisberg
I was born in Peru to a Limeño father and a Texan mother. We moved to Miami when I was five, and I grew up in the "Kendall-suyo" neighborhood—often called the 5th province of the Inca Empire because of its large Peruvian population. I've been writing about food since I was 11 years old, and in 2016 I received a master's degree in Gastronomy from Boston University. A travel columnist at Food52, I'm currently based in Hollywood, Florida—another vibrant Peruvian community—where I am a writer, culinary tour guide, and consultant.


MarZig November 11, 2019
So, I think it would be great if you had discussed who or what brought the pizza to cuba. Like (unless I have my history wrong) we all know Pizza is pretty much a food that was invented by Italians american/immigrants in America. I am sure it was a spin of a meal eaten in italy. I am wondering if the cuban pizza is something that grew organically/isolated incident solely a cuban invented food or perhaps, a pre revolution italian/american influence brought tto cuba and, of course, as all cuisine does when immigrates take their culinary skill aboard, it took on a local twist based on available ingredients? Would be interested in hearing further evolution on the Cuban Pizza. Food evolution is really quite interesting.
Joey C. November 7, 2019
I love Polo Norte, pure nostalgia of me growing up in Miami.

Nothing beats a Cuban pizza, some garlic rolls, a material soda, and best thing about Polo Norte is ice cream for dessert!
Carlos C. November 7, 2019
Oh yeah, Joey! Polo Norte is my favorite, and the ice cream there is the best Cuban ice cream I have had. There is another new one called Pizza Manina. They make a Cuban pizza with blue cheese, bacon, and prosciutto that is out of this world!!!!
Marta April 8, 2019
Love your article, I was brought up in Miami and although I have lived in Texas for over 40 years, I visit every year at least once - born in Cuba but moved to Miami in 1960.. Love my Cuban food, but interestingly was unaware of the Cuban Pizza thing, although I was definitely brought up there. Next time I visit, I will add pizza to my list, along with the already long list of Cuban food, fritas (yuuuum!), steak, harina (polenta), ... BTW, I think you meant 'ripe plaintains' and not bananas(?) - nothing like a ripe plaintain Cuban omelet as well :) - Now I want to board a plane and just eat :)
Carlos C. April 8, 2019
Hi, Marta. Thanks for reading. There are so many delicious things in Miami that are hard to find elsewhere. Now, keep in mind that no all Cuban pizza is made equal. My current favorite is at Polo Norte (which also serves killer Cuban ice cream). My friends told me about platanito maduro tortillas, but on Cuban pizza it actually is ripe bananas and not plantains. You're not the first to think I was confused about that, and I was confused myself the firs time I saw it. But it definitely is ripe banana.

Polo Norte *does* have a maduros pizza, though. They also have a guava and cheese pizza.
Marta April 8, 2019
Thank you for correcting me, I should have known better but frankly, I have never seen bananas on anything cooked. Learn something every day! Still need a Cuban food fix - LOL
Jeanette S. November 23, 2018
I very much enjoyed this article and having never tried Cuban pizza I can't wait to do so! In Sweden we often eat banana on pizza and my favorite version was the ham, curry and banana. Sounds crazy to anyone but Swedes I suppose. The other one I still love is the tuna onion, but that one you can find in Italy too. In Sweden there is a whole different pizza culture and many many toppings you probably cannot find other places, but possibly other Scandinavian countries. The put kebab meat, beef or pork tenderloin on pizzas, even béarnaise sauce. Gosh, now I'm craving pizza....
Carlos C. January 16, 2019
ham, curry, and banana sounds like my kind of pizza! And bearnaise sauce on pizza sounds amazing. I have heard about Swedish pizza culture. There is a special salad involved, right?
MarZig August 19, 2018
I would LOVE to try a Cuban pizza. But sadly, I am unaware of any Cuban eating establishments in a 50 mile radius of where I live in Ca.
Jason W. August 15, 2018
As the owner of Paulie Gee’s Miami and a born and bred NY guy I have a unique perspective on the matter. Pizza more than most foods is super subjective when it comes to people’s tastes and likes. Put 5 people in a room sharing a pie and chances are you will get a tremendous amount of diverse feedback. Yes there are certain standards we adhere too as pizza people but we all grew up eating where are friends and family took us and based on geography had access or were limited to the choices within those areas. Pizza like other foods can come in many different forms and flavors. When I opened Paulie Gee’s Miami we wanted to offer some local flat and culture as an ode and sign of respect of the local Latin/Cuban culture by offering a form of Cuban sandwich on a pizza. When trying to nail down our pork recipe I asked every Cuban I met how they made their pork or how it was made how they grew up. I had a minimum of 100 different ways. Point is people think that theirs might be the best because that’s familiar to them with emotional attachment factoring in to the equation. On this day and age people assume because there is a “best” of something that means that there is also a worst. However it doesn’t mean that at all it just means there is different. Cuban pizza is actually fun and great if you compare it to its peers it’s another vertical in the massive pizza universe. It’s not for everyone however it’s great for the Cubans who grew up on it and the adventurous that are willing to step out of their pizza comfort zone. Thanks for the great read and mention of Paulie Gee’s Miami.
Carlos C. August 15, 2018
Hey Jason! I actually did notice your Cuban sandwich pizza when you first opened, and I appreciated the nod to local food culture. I think you really hit the nail on the head when it comes to addressing different tastes in Pizza. Miami is so diverse with people from all over, that there is a need for all the different styles of pizza we have down here.
RS August 9, 2018
Looks a hell of a lot like South Shore bar pizza (Massachusetts) though we don't use gouda in the cheese blend. I wonder how they compare.
Eric K. August 9, 2018
Carlos C. August 10, 2018
I lived in Boston for a few years, and I agree that the crust of Cuban pizza and how it is baked in a pan is very reminiscent of Boston Greek pizzas - fluffy, softer crusts than the paper thin, floppy NY-style pies. I never got around to the south shore. Next time I am up in New England, I will try to make it there and compare the two styles of pizza. To be honest, I really loved Boston Greek style pizza for its heartiness and the large selection of toppings - including some surprising items. There was one by where I lived in Newton called Bill's. Their creations were amazing and would make pizza purists cringe, which is why I loved it so much. And the crust was a lot like Cuban pizza crust.
andreabalian January 16, 2019
It's funny, I live in the Boston area and by the pic featured this looks exactly like Greek pizza!
Bubbawubba G. August 8, 2018
Why don't you hear about Cuban pizza? Because it's terrible? Living in S. Fl. I have eaten it many times, relatives in Hialeah love it, Rey's is the worst but Monte's doesn't trail by much. Your description as School cafeteria food is right on the money, I can almost see the hair nets as I choke it down that's why we ate somewhere else as soon as we could leave campus. You forgot to mention the bloated spaghetti with bland ketchupy sauce. I love lechon asado and the pollo but leave the Italian to the Italians.
Carlos C. August 8, 2018
Rey's and Montes de Oca are still popular with enough people to remain in business. And there are new Cuban pizzerias opening up across town. It's not everybody's cup of tea, for sure. Some people really hate it. Some people (like my partner) are instantly hooked. I actually think there are different types of cuban pizza in Miami, and some are arguably better than others. I actually prefer the other two pizzerias I mentioned in this article, and a lot of aficionados rave about Tio Colo. In the end, it is all a matter of taste and what we are used to eating.

What I hoped to convey in this article is that there is a distinctive style of pizza that you can find in Miami, and that it is pretty controversial. I think your comment really reinforces that. There is no neutrality around Cuban pizza. You either love it or you hate it. I guess Cuban pizza could be to Miami what Lutefisk is to the Upper Midwest

Madeline G. August 8, 2018
Like an old favorite of mine "Cuban Chinese" which was very popular and even had many restaurants in New York City. (I still have the bowling style shirt with logo sold at one of them..though I can remember the name right now.. something with a "B" - maybe bamboo in the logo.. )

Anyway.. the children of Cuban Chinese immigrants did not want to follow in their families footsteps, became very Americanized and melted into our pot. Living one or two restaurants left.. and the one I know is not selling my favorite palomilla, special fried rice, and sweet plantains..)

Here's a theory.. after the revolution finally gives up the ghost.. decent Pizza will return to Cuba.. and the Cubans that then come to Miami will say "What the hell is this?" and Cuban pizza rise will peter out like the food our grandmother's made during the depression, or Brite made at the end of WWII - when people substituted potatoes for butter in recipes for example..

Oh and speaking of snobs.. sounds like your entire view of Cubans was shaped by that kind of attitude - totally looking down on them.. even while the Cubans of your era in Miami where all ready wealthy, by passing Kendale for the Gables, and going to schools like Harvard and Yale to become, like their parents, doctors and lawyers. I mean really if we are going to talk about what was happening in Miami when you drove by that Reys Pizza. Hell, even Rey had done so well, he opened a chain!

You need to rethink your attitude about Cubans having no class - which is how you come across btw.

Were you in my ballet class? Did you make regular family trips to the Smithsonian and the Met? My family and their Cuban friends did.
And by the way I'm half Lithuanian gringa Yonkers gal. So much (half) of my family wasn't looking at the Cubans in Miami before the new century with rose coloured glasses.

Looking forward to learning about Peruvian food from you.
Madeline G. August 8, 2018
Spell check worked on mine apparently in reverse.. shrug ..
Ana B. August 7, 2018
Fabulous Carlos.
Ana B.
Eric K. August 8, 2018
Thank you for reading, Ana.
Carlos C. August 8, 2018
Thank you, Ana. And thanks for all your help learning about Cuban pizza
Annada R. August 7, 2018
Love this article, Carlos! I particularly enjoy the way you mix your memories, nostalgia and personal references with social history of food!
Eric K. August 8, 2018
Me too, Annada :)
Carlos C. August 8, 2018
Thank you so much, Annada. I'm glad you enjoyed it.
HalfPint August 7, 2018
This sounds a lot like the school cafeteria pizza of my early childhood. Our hot lunch program was operated by Marriott and once a week, there was individual pizza squares in a paper box sealed with a plastic lid. The pizza was plain cheese and the crust was thick, soft, and yeasty just like pizza cubana. I loved it. The hot lunch program was taken over by another corporation and the pizza was never as good, at least to me :)
Eric K. August 7, 2018
Same here. I think know exactly what pizza Carlos is talking about; we had something similar in Fulton County, Georgia.
Eric K. August 7, 2018
Same here. Though I've never had pizza cubana proper, I think I know exactly what Carlos is talking about re: cafeteria 'zza; we had something similar in Fulton County, Georgia.
Carlos C. August 8, 2018
We had several different types of school pizza. And oddly enough, the different Cuban pizzerias in Miami seem to recreate those different least in my head they do. You guys will just have to come down to Miami and do a comparison for yourselves.