Off-Script With Sohla

Is Homemade Nut Butter Worth It? Sohla Says Heck Yes.

April  5, 2021

Every month, in Off-Script With Sohla, pro chef and flavor whisperer Sohla El-Waylly will introduce you to a must-know cooking technique—and then teach you how to detour it toward new adventures.

We've entered the golden era of nuts. Just about every one has been milked or turned into flour. And yes, there are many, many nut butters at the supermarket. But much like how you get the best out of spices by toasting and grinding your own, homemade nut butter cannot be beaten.

Just like in those spices, the aromas and flavors in nuts are volatile. Once you toast, you set off a ticking time bomb counting down to bland and, eventually, rancid nut butter. Who knows when the almonds in those grocery store jars were first toasted?

But besides getting to enjoy the most flavorful nut butter, blitzing my own gives me control. I have the power to sweeten and salt as I desire, add high-quality chocolate or freshly ground cardamom, and even recreate my favorite desserts in nut butter form. (Hello, Banana Bread Walnut Butter!)

Join The Conversation

Top Comment:
“I love homemade nut butter, thanks for all the inspiration! I wonder if pumpkin seeds + raisins would work? I love the combination, so turning this to a nut butter would be heaven, just wondering if dried fruits would work. Also: roasted sesame seeds to tahini, then to halva is so. damn. good! ”
— Mathieu G.

Use this handy guide to go off-script and become your own genie, making all your nut butter wishes come true.

Seedy toast, smothered with Banana Bread Walnut Butter. The breakfast of champions! Photo by Linda Xiao. Prop Stylist: Veronica Olson. Food Stylist: Anna Billingskog.

Toast Low & Slow

I have nothing against blitzing up raw nuts into creamy butter. It's a great blank canvas for dressings, kormas, and hearty vegan stews. However, when I want a nut butter to spread on bread or fill a medjool date, I opt for a thorough toast.

By deeply toasting nuts, I end up with a richly colored and flavored butter, letting the nuts be all they can be. I like to toast low and slow—at 325°F for anywhere from 5 to 30 minutes—tossing the nuts frequently, so they heat evenly and get roasty-toasty to their core. At higher temperatures, nuts look toasted on the outside, but they’re still pale on the inside. Snap or slice a nut in half to make sure that it's evenly browned all the way through.

If all I've got are pre-roasted nuts, I refresh them in the oven to wake up their flavors and warm their oils for more effortless blending. Figure 325°F for about 10 minutes. Try to avoid salted nuts, which can result in an overly salty nut butter (unless that's what you're going for).

Undress Your Nuts

Nut skins are slightly bitter and gritty, so removing them produces a silkier butter. While the nuts are still hot from the oven, gather them in a clean kitchen towel and rub off some of the skins. Hazelnuts clean up quickly, while almonds are more stubborn. I don't worry about removing all the skins, especially those with nooks and crannies like walnuts or pecans. I just give it the old college try and rub off whatever I can.

Just Keep Processing

The time it takes to go from nut to butter can vary wildly. Cashews were born to butter and blitz into a smooth spread in only five minutes, while hardheaded almonds can take up to 30. The processing time also depends on the strength of your food processor and batch size. Just be patient, stopping to scrape the sides and bottom as needed. If your food processor gets overheated at any point, give it a break to cool down before continuing.

Inspired by Almond Joy candies, this chocolatey almond butter is, ahem, as joyous as it gets. Photo by Linda Xiao. Prop Stylist: Veronica Olson. Food Stylist: Anna Billingskog.

In the beginning, you might be tempted to add oil, but resist. With enough processing, any nut will transform from flour to paste to dreamy nut butter all on its own. Although I like to finish my nut butters with extra fat for flavor and texture, the timing is crucial. If you add fat too early, it lowers the mixture's friction, thwarting our chances of smooth glory. Because of this, I always add any moist mix-in, like brown butter or milk chocolate, at the end.

Make It Your Own

Sit back, relax, think about where you want to go, and season your nut butter to take you there. With my Joyous Almond Butter, I travel to the ’90s when that nutty commercial was everywhere. My Banana Bread Walnut Butter sends me to my mom's kitchen, giving me all those freshly baked feelings.

You can have a lot of fun here, so go for it:

  • Add ground spices, like nutmeg or black pepper, when you start to blitz. The processing heat will bloom the spices and draw out their aromas.
  • Team up the nuts with freeze-dried fruits, especially strawberries or apples, for peanut-butter-jelly vibes and a thicker spread.
  • Try different sweeteners, like molasses-y dark brown sugar for depth, or crunchy turbinado for sweetness and texture.
  • Make it extra indulgent by adding chocolate (chips or chopped) or cocoa powder to make your own Nutella or peanut butter and chocolate spread..
  • Finish with flavorful oils, like toasted sesame or virgin coconut oil, to amp up the flavor and give the butter a smoother texture.
  • Fold in crunchy mix-ins by hand at the end, like toasted coconut, assorted seeds, or even smoky bacon bits.

What to Do With It?

Congratulations! You’ve made the freshest, roastiest, toastiest nut butter ever, and there’s a million things you can do with it. For the best flavor, smoosh it onto everything and use it up fast—within two weeks if kept at room temperature and two months if stored in the fridge. Here are some ideas to try first:

Make a NB&J (duh). With any nut butter. Try salty pistachio butter with strawberry jam on sourdough. Or chocolate-hazelnut butter and fig jam on focaccia.

Swirl into ice cream. The nut butter gets chewy and dense in the cold ice cream.

Stuff a date. My favorite energy-packed snack. Split open a medjool date, fill with any nut butter, and bring on the flaky salt!

Make thumbprint cookies! These crumbly cookies can be made with any unsweetened nut butter and filled with whatever you crave—from the classic chocolate kiss or jam to a fun-sized candy bar or perky lemon curd. Here are two recipes to get started:

What should Sohla cook up next? Share requests in the comments!

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • j7n
  • SophieL
  • Mathieu Garcia
    Mathieu Garcia
  • Sam PS
    Sam PS
  • maybeMaehem
Sohla El-Waylly is a Food52 Resident, sharing new riffable recipes every month that'll help you get creative in the kitchen. Watch her cook on YouTube in her new series, Off-Script With Sohla. Before she started developing fun recipes for home cooks, she worked as a chef in N.Y.C. and L.A., briefly owning a restaurant in Brooklyn with her husband and fellow chef, Ham El-Waylly. She lives in the East Village with Ham, their two dogs, and cat. Find out what else she's up to on Instagram @sohlae


j7n May 17, 2021
I buy cleaned peanuts without skins and roast them quite heavily, about 25 minutes on a pan stirring often. This produces a browner butter than available in stores. Roast another batch while the nuts cool down.

Then use a blender. Fill it about half-way or approximately 600g of nuts. No less than that. Without a lid, keep pushing the nuts down (the blades are covered by a thick layer of nuts). Check the temperature of the coupling gear and the base, and let the blender cool down if hot.

Blending produces a nearly liquid consistency. It can be thickened with some butter or coconut oil. But I like the taste more if I mix these fats at eating time. Little salt is needed (about 3g) and no sugar.
SophieL April 8, 2021
In my many years of toasting nuts, I never knew what a difference a lower oven temp (325) and longer toasting time (20-25 minutes) would make such a perceptible difference. It does! Thanks, Sohla - you're a great teacher!
Mathieu G. April 7, 2021
I love homemade nut butter, thanks for all the inspiration! I wonder if pumpkin seeds + raisins would work? I love the combination, so turning this to a nut butter would be heaven, just wondering if dried fruits would work.

Also: roasted sesame seeds to tahini, then to halva is so. damn. good!
Sam P. April 6, 2021
Curious about using a Vitamix instead of a food processor. I only have a miniature version of the latter. If anyone has tried processing nut butter with a Vitamix (or similarly powerful blender) give a shout. Thanks!
gc April 6, 2021
definitely works but consult the vitamix site for quantities first.
I.e. I roast 4 cups almonds let them cook. then add the nuts (and a pinch of salt) to my 64-oz low profile container (the wide one) increase the speed to max continuously pounding down with the black thing for 1 minute. if you use less than 4 cups it may not catch the blade. but if you the narrower container you can use less. and then take it off script!
gc April 6, 2021
let them cool* not cook!
Sam P. April 7, 2021
Super helpful! Thanks so much, GC!
MacGuffin April 9, 2021
AMEN! If you use anything but completely cooled nuts in your Vitamix, you can deform your container. One of my friends used to be a demonstrator; visit to learn more about making nut butter in your Vitamix.
maybeMaehem April 5, 2021
Oh! definitely going to try this. Is it possible to combine two different nuts? Walnuts with Pistachios and pepitas sounds yummy to me. With some coconut maybe? I love this idea of kinda going wild with it. :)
MacGuffin April 9, 2021
Almonds with a handful of pecans ROCKS. Add just a pinch of sea salt and a teaspoon of coconut sugar to pull the flavors together.