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Not boiling dried kidney beans increases toxicity?

A friend sent me this Wikipedia link about cooking dried kidney beans in the slow cooker: http://en.wikipedia.org...

It basically says that if you don't boil your dried beans for 10 mins first but just throw them in the crock, it increases their toxicity.

Is this true? Has anyone ever heard this?

asked by jenmmcd over 5 years ago
4 answers 3021 views
8a5161fb 3215 4036 ad80 9f60a53189da  buddhacat
added over 5 years ago

I read the footnote from the FDA, so the research appears to be sound. Don't have a slow cooker, and if I did I would definitely boil the kidney beans first as directed. White kidney beans (cannelini) don't have the same level of toxicity.

F8c5465c 5952 47d4 9558 8116c099e439  dscn2212

Cynthia is a trusted source on Bread/Baking.

added over 5 years ago

Yes, it is true. It is recommended that dried red kidney be soaked for at least 5 hours, then the water drained and the beans rinsed. Alternatively, they should be first rinsed, then boiled for at least 10 minutes before any further cooking.

This is from the FDA website:

Phytohaemagglutinin, the presumed toxic agent, is found in many species of beans, but it is in highest concentration in red kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). The unit of toxin measure is the hemagglutinating unit (hau). Raw kidney beans contain from 20,000 to 70,000 hau, while fully cooked beans contain from 200 to 400 hau. White kidney beans, another variety of Phaseolus vulgaris, contain about one-third the amount of toxin as the red variety; broad beans (Vicia faba) contain 5 to 10% the amount that red kidney beans contain.

The syndrome is usually caused by the ingestion of raw, soaked kidney beans, either alone or in salads or casseroles. As few as four or five raw beans can trigger symptoms. Several outbreaks have been associated with "slow cookers" or crock pots, or in casseroles which had not reached a high enough internal temperature to destroy the glycoprotein lectin. It has been shown that heating to 80°C may potentiate the toxicity five-fold, so that these beans are more toxic than if eaten raw. In studies of casseroles cooked in slow cookers, internal temperatures often did not exceed 75°C.

23b88974 7a89 4ef5 a567 d442bb75da04  avatar
added over 5 years ago

Wow... I guess I never believe something until F52'ers confirm it. And I'm bummed b/c I just got a cookbook about cooking Indian in the crock and many of the yummiest recipes have kidney beans in them. Guess I'll be cooking them for a bit first...

23b88974 7a89 4ef5 a567 d442bb75da04  avatar
added over 5 years ago

That doesn't mean you can't use presoaked canned kidney beans.

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