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Author Notes: Barbari is one of several most popular breads in Iran. There are neighborhood bakeries that bake fresh barbari three times a day for daily meals. A popular Iranian breakfast consists of barbari with feta cheese or butter and jam along with a cup of hot sweetened tea. Barbari loaded with feta, walnuts and fresh herbs (a mix of basil, mint leaves, watercress, tarragon, radishes) is a popular treat for an afternoon snack. —cookingProf
Makes 2 flat breads
- 3 1/4 cups All purpose flour
- 1 teaspoon Baking Powder
- 1 teaspoon Salt
- 2 1/4 teaspoons Active dry yeast (1 packet)
- 1/2 teaspoon Sugar
- 1 1/2 cups Lukewarm water
- 1 teaspoon Flour
- 1/2 cup Water
- 1/2 cup Corn meal (preferably coarse)
- Sesame seeds and/or Nigella seeds (Kaloonji seeds)
- Mix sugar and warm water in a bowl. Sprinkle the yeast on top. Proof the yeast by letting it sit for 10-15 minutes.
- Mix half a cup of water and one teaspoon of flour in a small pot and bring it to boil to form a thin glaze. Set it aside to cool.
- Whisk the dry ingredients (flour, baking powder, salt) in a large mixing bowl. Add the yeast to the mixing bowl and stir quickly and vigorously with a wooden spoon until the water is absorbed. This will form a somewhat dry and perhaps clumpy dough. Resist the temptation to add more water or to knead the dough. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and place in a warm oven (about 110 degrees). Let the dough rise for about 1 hour and 15 minutes or until more than doubled. Alternatively, you may leave the dough at room temperature and let it sit until double in size.
- Preheat the oven to 475 degrees.
- Sprinkle a baking sheet with corn meal generously. Punch the dough down and cut it in half. Form a thick log from a piece of the dough with moist hands. Place the log on the center of the baking sheet. Brush the top of the log with the glaze mixture. Dip your finger tips in the glaze and flatten the dough Into a 12"X5" oval shape. Keep dipping the tips of two fingers in the glaze and draw long ridges along the length of the dough while stretching it into a 15"X7" oval and creating a fluted surface (5-6 fluted ridges).
- Sprinkle the bread with sesame seeds or nigella seeds. Place the tray on the bottom rack of the oven. Bake for 12 minutes or until the bread is crusty and golden brown. It is OK to peek after about 8-10 minutes.
- Discard any remaining corn meal in the pan. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for the second piece of dough.
- Barbari bread does not keep well and is best served warm out of the oven or kept in the freezer. Cut into pieces and freeze. Thaw and heat in a toaster before serving.