Burmese Chicken Braised in Coconut Milk & Turmeric with Sweet Potato

October  5, 2016
5 Stars
Photo by Ty Mecham
Author Notes

My aunt’s family lived in Burma in the ‘60s and when they came back to the U.S., they brought a recipe for “kaukswe,” a coconut-chicken-curry dish from the southern part of the country. It became our family’s celebratory dish for every big get-together.

Gathered around a large round table in a corner of a rather overcrowded room, we filled our bowls from the communal pot and garnished individually according to preferences, choosing from limes, cilantro sprigs, cut chiles, fried noodles, and so on.

The dish was amazing and delicious and all of us who had a seat around that table lusted after the flavors and the dish for ever after.

First, I pestered my uncle for the recipe; then I made it; next I played around with it; and finally, I took off! Kaukswe has specific components—Chinese egg noodles, fried crispy noodles, lime juice, chiles, coconut milk—but over the years I have played around with the chicken-coconut milk braise and simplified the dish into a quick, satisfying meal that’s fairly easy to whip up.

I use fried shallots, that ubiquitous southeast Asian condiment, in place of the fried noodles and cubes of sweet potato in place of the egg noodles, but in the end, I think it comes close to the flavor profile of my aunt and uncle’s far more authentic version.

A Little More About The Recipe's Components:

Sweet potatoes are not a common ingredient in Asian food, but they are a vegetable I have grown to love, both for the flavor and their nutritional value. Because want a little bit of a crisp edge to the sweet potato cubes—otherwise, they turn into a sweet mush in the soup—I brown them first. It lets the sugars caramelize, which brings out the flavor complexity, and provides a textural contrast, too. The browning also adds a slight bitter note that dissipates but builds flavor.

Turmeric is a delicious ingredient, and one with a lot of buzz these days for its anti-inflammatory properties. For years I dismissed turmeric as a cheap saffron alternative but I have grown to appreciate its distinctive flavor, which is hard to describe in an appealing way, as I think of it as slightly musky. But it adds a subtle flavor note (as well as that dazzling color) that adds up with everything else to a complex dish, one that leaves you thinking about and puzzling over the component parts and how they all came together. Turmeric used to be only sold dried in the U.S. and while that’s still its most common form, but you can now find fresh turmeric in some stores: If you see it, snap it up. I peel the roots and pulverize them finely with the garlic and ginger instead of mixing the dry powder into the marinade. In its fresh form, it’s milder so I would use as much as a 2-inch piece in place of the powdered.

I use dried chile here, but if fresh hot chiles are in season, you could use those instead: Choose something small and hot like a bird's eye or a small serrano. I am hopelessly addicted to spice and in the fall when my favorite farmer brings in a tapestry of multicolored chiles in a range of heat, I buy as many as I can and store them in my freezer to use throughout the year.

Adding the cilantro stems to the minced shallots, garlic and ginger is a southeast Asian technique I suspect I picked up reading Naomi Duguid’s books on the various cuisines of the region. Combined with the dried coriander in the marinade and the fresh cilantro on top, it adds another layer of cilantro flavor and, in today’s current “no waste” state, makes practical sense. If your cilantro doesn’t have the stems on it, proceed with them: It will still taste just fine.

The fish sauce is there to bring a salty note to all the sweetness. But if you hate fish sauce or don’t have it kicking around in your pantry use soy sauce but start out with half the amount and then taste and adjust.

Make this recipe, then make it your own with whatever you crave or have: I’ve made this dish with rich and meaty white fish, shrimp, and even pork. And I can’t wait to appropriate a kauwkswe I recently saw at The Honey Paw in Portland, Maine, made with long braised lamb neck. —Sara Jenkins

  • Prep time 8 hours 20 minutes
  • Cook time 1 hour 20 minutes
  • Serves 4 to 6
  • For the soup
  • 1 1/2 pounds boneless chicken thighs
  • 1 tablespoon dried ginger
  • 1 tablespoon dried turmeric
  • 1 tablespoon ground coriander
  • 1 tablespoon neutral oil, such as grapeseed
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1 1-inch piece peeled ginger
  • 1 peeled shallot
  • 1 dried chile, on the hot side (I like de árbol)
  • 1 bunch cilantro
  • 1/4 cup unrefined coconut oil or a neutral cooking oil, such as grapeseed
  • 1 cup cubed sweet potato
  • 2 cups chicken stock
  • 2 cups unsweetened coconut milk
  • 2 tablespoons fish sauce
  • 2 limes, 1 juiced and 1 quartered
  • 1 pinch salt, to taste
  • For the crispy shallot topping
  • 1 peeled shallot, sliced thinly
  • 1 cup neutral cooking oil, such as grapeseed
In This Recipe
  1. For the soup
  2. Cut the chicken thighs into about 1-inch pieces and marinate overnight with the dried ginger, turmeric, coriander, and 1 tablespoon of neutral oil. I like the overnight marinade, but if you forget, simply toss the chicken pieces with the spices before you start cooking.
  3. In a food processor, mince the garlic, ginger, shallot, dried chile, and the roots and/or stems of the bunch of cilantro.
  4. In the bottom of a heavy-bottomed pan over medium-high heat, heat the coconut oil. Then add the cubed sweet potato. Fry until golden brown on at least 2 sides of each cube. Scoop out of the pan, leaving the oil, and set aside. Add the chicken pieces (a few at a time so you can brown them without having them cool the pan down) and let them begin to brown. Season with a pinch of salt. When they are mostly browned, add the minced shallot-ginger-garlic-cilantro stem mixture and let cook out a little. Add a couple tablespoons of the chicken stock and let reduce until the mixture is soft and cooked. Add the rest of the chicken stock and the reserved sweet potatoes and bring to a simmer.
  5. Meanwhile use the method below to fry the crispy shallots (this can also be done as much as a week ahead of time, as the shallots will keep in a closed container at room temperature for a week at least).
  6. Simmer the soup for about half an hour, until the chicken and sweet potatoes are close to tender. Stir in the fish sauce, lime juice, and coconut milk and bring up to a simmer. Stir in a quarter cup of cilantro leaves and taste for salt. Serve garnished with the crispy shallots, a couple of sprigs of raw cilantro, and the lime wedges
  1. For the crispy shallot topping
  2. In a sauté pan over medium heat, heat the oil. Add the shallots and stir frequently. As the oil continues to heat, the shallots will start to color. When they get to golden brown, scoop them out of the oil and drain on a paper towel. You want to pull them out of the oil a little before dark brown, as they'll continue to cook and crisp up on the paper towel.

See what other Food52ers are saying.

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112 Reviews

NXL December 22, 2021
This is the first recipe I've ever given 5 stars. so delicious, yet easy to make. Definitely going onto my favourites list! Didn't do the fried shallots, but I bet they are wonderful, as well.
Atiya H. September 11, 2021
This recipe is in our regular rotation! I make it with chicken breast and fresh chiles (ideally the little Thai or Hawaiian ones). I've done it with all sorts of sweet potatoes, depending on what I had on hand, and it's nice to be able to use the cilantro stems and roots. I've never made the friend shallots, since I don't have a range hood, but I got a little jar of "crispy garlic in chili oil" that works nicely as a topping.
andrea.muraskin May 2, 2021
So glad I finally tried this recipe! I used chicken breasts, vegetable stock, a combination of full fat and reduced fat coconut milk, and skipped the chili pepper and the fried shallots. It thought it was delicious, and my parents agreed. Next time I'll try doubling the sweet potatoes and maybe adding some greens. A winner!
M February 22, 2021
Such a great recipe, an all time favorite here. I double or triple the sweet potato (technically yams), and add a bunch of chopped kale at the end. I fry the shallots in the microwave which cuts out all of the hassle. It usually thickens up by the time it's done so it's more like a stew or curry than a soup, and we serve it over rice. I add chopped peanuts as a garnish, just because I like the extra crunch. Thanks for such a great addition to my dinner options!
Reed February 13, 2021
Love this one. I've made it many times and I would add a couple notes: turmeric is more beneficial when paired with black pepper, so I add a sprinkle. Also, I add more than a cup of sweet potatoes. Would also agree that the shallots dissolve into the curry and are not worth the extra work. Thanks for the recipe.
MommoMango February 6, 2021
I used fresh pumpkin and served over sticky rice instead of as a soup, and it was an amazing hit! So delicious, def will put into the rotation!
Moira M. January 2, 2021
I simmered this so the sauce thickened and it was less like a soup but still lots of sauce. I used chicken breasts and marinated overnight as suggested. I followed the recipe as written, except for my fried shallots were closer to black than brown.. I served with basmati rice and additional vegetables (sautéed zucchini and onions). It was delicious. For sure I will be making this again.
Erika H. November 10, 2020
Very delicious! I
Easy and tasty. Adding a few more peppers next time for more heat, but delicious as is
Easy and tasty. Adding a few more peppers next time for more heat, but delicious as is
Kootenaygirl May 4, 2020
Made this last night. Skipped the heat and my young (skeptical) kids ate it up! It really is an amazingly easy, delicious, and versatile dish.
Twinkle April 20, 2020
This was fantastic - I added some extra garlic and ginger to the mince, and later added 1 small yellow onion (rough chopped to match the sweet potato cubes) after the meat browned. Served with basmati rice as I didn't have rice noodles or jasmine rice available. Extra lime wedges and fresh cilantro for brightness, and topped with store-bought fried shallots (essential). I cannot wait to make this again!
erodg April 3, 2020
Made this tonight. Appreciated by husband and one of 2 teenagers. The daughter doesn't appreciate coconut, so if you have one of those people in your home, heads up. It was delicious!
Caroline M. March 28, 2020
This is now my all-time favourite chicken curry. I leave out all the stock and substitute roasted (in the oven) aubergine for the sweet potato (too sweet for my taste) and it’s the most delicious curry, ever!
Tania P. February 17, 2020
Delish! I used parsnips instead of sweet potato which added an earthy sweet flavor. In the last 5 minutes I stirred a big bag of spinach through and served over brown rice. Fantastic!
On T. February 12, 2020
I keep coming back for more of this soup. It's perfect as-is, but here are some simple, worthwhile changes: double the sweet potato; add a handful of fresh string beans later in the simmer; skip the whole frizzled shallot thing if you're too busy to bother.
Rachel January 31, 2020
This recipe is absolutely amazing! We have had it twice so far, in 2 weeks! The leftovers are just as good if not better. I served it with rice and roti. I can't wait to make it for friends.
Jackie J. January 27, 2020
Great soup! I modified it for the pressure cooker easily and added 1 tablespoon of Penzey's Vindaloo seasoning. I mixed together and put most of the dry in marinade. I left a big tablespoon out to kind of roast it after I quickly sauteed the minced spices. anyway it was great and relatively easy to do on a weeknight in the PC. If you Pressure cook on a regular basis it is easy to convert, just add more spice. Brown chcken and sweet potatoes separately then add back in later. If you don't pressure cook regularly, stick to the recipe. It's too good to take a chance on messing up. I added kale torn into big bite sized pieces.
Lisa January 27, 2020
How long do you cook in pressure cooker after sauté ?
tres J. January 29, 2020
I browned the chicken, sweet potato and sautéed the mixture from step #2 in a separate pan. I deglazed with chicken stock and transferred all to an instant pot with the rest of the chicken stock for 9minutes on high pressure. I finished with the rest of the recipe and let it simmer in the IP until I was ready to serve, just to keep it warm. I tried it over rice and also ramen noodles. Everyone loved it, even the kids who claimed they didn’t like “green stuff” or sweet potato. Winner!
kccheng January 16, 2020
added carrots, it was yummy!
Jenna January 14, 2020
I never tend to write reviews, but it's time I break that pattern, because this is probably our FAVORITE recipe we make. Happens once a week in our household, since it's just so fun to cook and SO dang delicious - it just has all of the flavors, warmth, and healthy/cozy vibes you could ever want. A friend passed it along, and we've passed it to dozens more since.

We usually serve over rice, and usually nix the crispy shallots as they kind of disappear anyways. SO GOOD.