In a large pot heat the oil under medium heat, then add the sliced carrot fry for about 5 minutes. Next add the minced garlic and fry another 2 minutes. Slice the chile(s) in half and discard the stem. Then add the bay leaf, peppercorns, whole cloves and chile to the pot, fry or about 2 minutes, this brings out or release the flavors and scents of the spices.
Next add the paprika, salt, beef broth and lentils. Stir to distribute all the spices and lentils. (note for every cup of lentils you add one and half cups of broth or water.) Bring the lentils to boil over medium heat, then lower the heat and continue cooking until the lentils are soft. It depends on your taste if you want the lentils to have more of a soupy texture than you'll need to add more water. Check on them often to make sure they do not dry out.
Allow the lentils to cool slightly before serving and serve with some cornbread. This recipe makes a hearty meal by serving the lentils with some smoked meat, like smoked ham and don't forget the cornbread. Or vegetarians can skip the meat and replace the beef broth with vegetable broth.