Every Tuesday, Italian local Emiko Davies is taking us on a grand tour of Italy, showing us how to make classic, fiercely regional dishes at home.
Today: Bacon and eggs just went up a notch.
Lardo gets misunderstood by English speakers all the time because it sounds very similar to "lard." Indeed, it is not actually lard (which is strutto in Italian, and traditionally used for frying or making pastry), but rather pork back fat that has been carefully cured in marble vats. Much like its relatives prosciutto and pancetta, lardo undergoes a very specific and rigorous curing treatment based on centuries of tradition. Aromatic with herbs and spices, it is all at once silky and creamy and sweet and salty. Michael Ruhlman puts it well in Salumi: “Lardo is about richness, and the creamy texture of fat and succulence, and all that is good.”
More: Michael Ruhlman on another fat product: schmaltz.
The best lardo comes from Colonnata, a village in Tuscany's Carrara, which is perhaps most famous for its world class marble by the same name. The marble does come into play when making lardo.
In order to make lardo, fatback is first trimmed of any meat (the rind is left on), until you have a perfect, white slab. Coarse salt, pepper, herbs such as rosemary and sage, and spices such as nutmeg, cinnamon, coriander and cloves are piled on, and the fat is cured for six months in vats made of Carrara marble. What's so special about the marble other than that it's the same marble that Michelangelo used to carve his sculpture of David? It's naturally porous and the caves in which the lardo is kept have their own microclimate, perfect for curing lardo without any preservatives or refrigeration. The process is pure magic.
There are many things one can do with a block of lardo, but you probably want to keep it simple. As with all things rich and full-flavored, a little goes a long way. It does well fresh and thinly sliced: You can use it much like pancetta or prosciutto, pairing it simply with creamy fresh mozzarella and some sweet fruit (think ripe figs) or even honey for an antipasto platter.
It's also lovely grilled or slightly warmed, which releases its aromas and gets it almost melting. Slice into paper-thin strips and enjoy it on some warm, grilled bread brushed lightly with a clove of raw garlic, where the lardo will turn ever so soft and slightly translucent as it warms from the bread. You can also purée it into a melt-in-the-mouth cream to spread onto crostini, or even purée it with basil and garlic for a lardo pesto (pesto's homeland, Liguria, is near Colonnata, after all). Or, wrap it around some roast chicken (or even better, game birds such as guinea fowl or pheasant that need some moisture).
Another traditional way it's eaten in Carrara is in a rustic frittata, as you see here. You can skip the salt completely in this recipe, as the lardo and the pecorino add enough punch on their own.
Carrara-Style Frittata with Lardo
Serves 4 to 6
5 ounces (140 grams) lardo di Colonnata, diced finely
6 medium eggs
1/2 cup (about 50 grams) aged pecorino cheese, grated (or use Parmesan)
Pinch of black pepper
Pinch of dried oregano
Olive oil, for greasing
See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.
Photo by Emiko Davies
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