I've been making these Pfeffernusse cookies for maybe twelve years. Prior to that, my mom, Phyllis "née Bohlmann" Skiff made them for probably fifty years. She got the recipe from her mom, Hilda "née ZumBerge" Bohlmann who made them for many years.
I still have the original recipe card from Grandma Bohlmann. I see that it says in the corner that Grandma got the recipe from Mrs. Kloth, who later became an in-law.
I've modified original recipe a bit. Some family members prefer more cloves, some less.
All of these folks were German and lived on farms in Carver County, Minnesota. They grew up speaking German and even attended church services in German at Emmanuel Lutheran Church in Hamburg, Minnesota, where Reverend Dr. H. J. Bouman was pastor for 32 years.
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His son, Herman, painted this picture to depict how the church may have appeared after a Christmas Eve service in the mid-1920s:
Another local German gastronomic delight was gritzwurst, a spicy hash-like concoction made from beef "parts" and steel-cut oats. I still drive miles every winter to buy this from Mackenthun's meat market in St. Bonifacious, Minnesota.
I'll bet you don't have a recipe for that on Food52! But I can provide one if the Food52 community is interested...