Alcohol-Free Drinks

We Taste-Tested 17 Types of Sparkling Water (& Here's What Happened)

December  8, 2015

This summer, I asked Amanda Sims if she wanted something at the grocery store: "Pellegrino," she specified: "Not Perrier."

I found her predilection to be quirky until I realized that loyalty to sparkling water beverages runs deep.

Samantha Weiss-Hills frequently brings in her own personal can of La Croix (unflavored or lime) from home—even though our office is equipped with a soda maker—while our intern Taylor Rondestvedt prefers Mendota Springs Sparkling Water, another Midwestern brand.

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And then my friend Rebecca sent me this photo of the refrigerator at her Chicago workplace:

Photo by Rebecca Levinsky

But do these brand loyalties simply grow out of habit, or do they have a basis in truth (or at least in taste differences)?

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Top Comment:
“Yes I have had Pellegrino, Perrier, polar, lacrouix, etc.... the unflavored brand of smartwater sparkling actually quenches your thirst my only issue is that I can’t easily get it. I used to be able to get it at the dollar stores (eastern Pa) now I can find Apple pear and strawberry in some stores but I am still a fan of the plain and actually crave it. I have been ordering it from amazon but fear they, coke or Pepsi aren’t making it or it isn’t available in my area? If anyone has the means to find out I would truly appreciate it and would ask to try this brand if you can get your hands on it. Way different taste than any other I have had and my ya coworkers in Ohio agree. ”
— Suzi P.

To find out, we did a blind taste test of 17 seemingly similar products—seltzer, club soda, carbonated mineral water, and sparkling water—to see if we could tell the difference. (And to figure out if Sam could identify La Croix from the lineup.)

Sparkling water! With a side of blueberry cake. Photo by Bobbi Lin

Here's what we concluded:

  1. The individual products do taste and feel different, but it's hard to tell the categories of beverages apart. (No one was able to identify group 1 as seltzer or group 2 as club soda, for example.)

  2. And while the drinks do taste different, there was disagreement about how they tasted. One drink was simultaneously described as "tap water"and "flat Champagne"—and this discrepancy was true of every bottle or can. We found that most differences involved flavor (subtle, salty, citrusy) and the bubble experience (sharp tiny bubbles, large mellow bubbles, or aggressively tingling bubbles, for example). "The quality of the bubble is the thing," concluded one taster.

  3. No one successfully identified which bottles were most expensive. The European-ish, fancy glass bottles that I avoid at the grocery store were indiscernible from the canned generic kind. One editor pegged the Whole Foods-365 club soda—one of our most affordable choices—as "more expensive."

  4. Some waters pair better with food than others. Though we tried all of the sparkling beverages without food, we imagine that eating alongside sipping would alter the experience. Aggressive bubbles might help dissipate the heat of spicy foods but overpower other sensation; more delicate carbonation might be more appropriate for food with subtler flavors.

  5. Temperature probably makes a difference. We tasted all drinks at room temperature, though we imagine that they would have been perceived as "more refreshing" had they been chilled.

  6. Sam successfully identified La Croix (but Amanda did not correctly pick out Pellegrino).

  7. Drinking this much sparkling water will make you really, really full (and burpy).

The 6 sparkling waters.

Sparkling Water

Sparkling water is a broad umbrella term that can be used to describe club soda, seltzer, or sparkling mineral water. Here were the five bottles that self-identified as "sparkling water" without a more specific demarcation.

  • Whole Foods Brand Italian Sparkling Water: This had a "very clean flavor" that our tasters predicted came from a glass bottle (they were right!). The flavor was neutral and "inoffensive," while the bubbles were big and slow-acting.

  • Poland Spring: While some were put off by a "plasticky" taste, others detected (to borrow a word from wine) "minerality." It's like "sucking on a rock," said Leslie.

  • Mountain Valley: The bubbles were deemed "perfect: soft but present." Each bubble was said to be a distinct individual, popping identifiably on the tongue. This, too, had mineral notes—"but in a good way."

  • La Croix: Samantha correctly identified her beloved sparkling water, which she calls "summer in a can." The bubbles—smaller than most of the other drinks—act as if they're on a "time release" or a "cascade," starting off strong and fizzing out slowly on the tongue

  • Voss: Tasters noted a subtle sweetness ("it has a taste of beginning") and very little carbonation.

  • San Benedetto: "Tastes like tap water," said one taster. The small bubbles were "so small, they're prickly," like Pop Rocks or needles.

The 5 seltzers.


Seltzer is plain water that has been artificially carbonated with carbon dioxide, with no added ingredients (like salt or potassium salts).

  • Boylan: With many more bubbles than the others in its group, it was described by one editor as "slap-to-the-face aggressive"; another said it was "almost foamy."

  • Polar: It had large, mellow bubbles and a strong "water" taste, though we did notice a citrusy, lime-y flavor upon first sip.

  • Fairway Brand: The bubbles are quick, imparting a pinpoint sensation: One editor explained the sensation as "ping-ping-ping, very fast." The texture was foamy and light, and although there were no added ingredients, some said it had a slightly lemony (and/or slightly metallic) flavor.

  • Hal's: "This is like cake," said one taster. Almost sweet and easy to drink, with fewer and tinier bubbles, this beverage is hereby dubbed "cake water."

  • Adirondack: The flattest of the five, it was compared both to tap water and to flat Champagne. The bubbles are floaters, traveling swiftly to the back of the throat, where they make themselves known.

The 2 club sodas.

Club Soda

Club soda is seltzer's bulked up brother: It's got sodium salts and/or potassium salts, which can include table salt and baking soda. These are added to neutralize acidity and imitate the flavors of natural water.

  • Whole Foods 365 Brand: While some of us found the bubbles to be almost too harsh (causing a tingling sensation from the lips inwards), others predicted it was be one of the most expensive of our tasting. Another person thought it "could be Perrier,"

  • Q-Club (Superior Club Soda): Surprisingly, this was also identified as Perrier. It had a distinctly citrusy, "lime-forward taste"—the editors couldn't believe it wasn't flavored. (Q-Club, according to its website, is made with Himalayan salt.)

The 4 carbonated mineral waters.

Carbonated Mineral Water

Mineral water is defined as sparkling water that comes from a mineral spring. According to the The Food and Drug Administration, it must contain "no less than 250 ppm total dissolved solids that originates from a geologically and physically protected underground water source.”

Neither minerals nor carbonation is added (with the exception of San Pellegrino; according to the Huffington Post, additional carbonation is added to Pellegrino by the bottler). "Spring water," on the other hand (see Mountain Valley Spring Water above), comes from a natural source but contains less than 250 parts per million dissolved minerals.

  • Perrier: Tasters were surprised by the tiny bubbles, so small that some people found it felt "almost flat." The little bubbles moved in all sorts of directions, like electrons, and Amanda Sims—the one who had specified I not buy Perrier—said, and I quote, "I like it."

  • Gerolsteiner: Described as simultaneously foamy and flat, Gerolsteiner also had an unusual taste: "Is that wet wood?" asked Ali Slagle. Others identified notes of rainwater.

  • San Pellegrino: The bubbles, tasters noted, were weak: "not flat but not trying hard enough", "a man in a tutu starting to leap." Leslie Stephens declared she was uninterested. No one identified this famous, fancy drink (not even its fan Amanda Sims).

  • Selters: "That's Pellegrino," Taylor Rondestvedt said decisively.

Water! and some sesame noodles. Photo by James Ransom

And so, a fitting conclusion to our very inconclusive sparkling water test. People cling to a certain type of sparkling water—they're used to it, they actually like it, or they haven't tried many others. And there are other factors, like temperature, what you're eating it with, how many sparkling waters you're trying at once, that alter the experience.

Basically, we're not becoming water sommeliers anytime soon.

What's your preferred brand of sparkling water? Defend your choice in the comments below!

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • candida
  • Suzi Peffley
    Suzi Peffley
  • Chester West
    Chester West
  • geg
  • Glen Dehahn
    Glen Dehahn
I used to work at Food52. I'm probably the person who picked all of the cookie dough out of the cookie dough ice cream.


candida January 9, 2021
I just wrote to someone who made a comment in regards to my favorite Vichy Catalan, i saw it in a taste test on TV travel program. Located it on amazon, expensive (it comes in from Spain) so for Christmas that is what i asked my son for. Water !! loved it, had a soft fizz and tasted like alka seltzer. It was expensive having it shipped. Wondering if anyone knows where i can obtain it other then Spain. Thanks Candida
Suzi P. July 14, 2019
I have to say I am hooked on a sparkling water that wasn’t even mentioned. It Glaceau smart water sparkling. Yes I have had Pellegrino, Perrier, polar, lacrouix, etc.... the unflavored brand of smartwater sparkling actually quenches your thirst my only issue is that I can’t easily get it. I used to be able to get it at the dollar stores (eastern Pa) now I can find Apple pear and strawberry in some stores but I am still a fan of the plain and actually crave it. I have been ordering it from amazon but fear they, coke or Pepsi aren’t making it or it isn’t available in my area? If anyone has the means to find out I would truly appreciate it and would ask to try this brand if you can get your hands on it. Way different taste than any other I have had and my ya coworkers in Ohio agree.
Chester W. December 12, 2017
Crysalli is also the best choice because it is a "green" solution. By making your own sparkling, you save the manufacturing of bottles, the actual bottling process, transportation and waste disposal of billions of bottles.
Chester W. December 12, 2017
Crysalli Artisan water is by far the best choice because it doesn't come in a plastic or glass bottle, it is filtered and cold carbonated at 35 degrees right on site, allowing you to adjust the bubble "profile" to bigger or smaller, and always served cold and refreshing.
geg September 19, 2017
Topo Chico.
Glen D. July 27, 2016
Why is Ramlosa not on here exactly? Its like as popular in England as VOss and Paligrino are here???
Berry G. July 21, 2016
This is a delicious kick start! I tried the berries recipe; also adding my health mixes from It was yummy! Thanks for sharing.
Andrea Y. December 16, 2015
Oh dear sweet sparkling bubbles, how do I turn the comment notifications off? It's not intuitively obvious!
Eric C. December 16, 2015
From Safeway, Von's, or Pavilion's comes Refreshe seltzer. Bargain-priced, the bubbles are both bold and soothing. It comes in flavored, too: lemon, lime, mandarin orange, raspberry, mixed berry, and plain. So long diet soda, Refreshe is sparkling companion.
Petit S. December 14, 2015
Llanllyr Source water from Wales. The perfect bubbles and clean taste - delicious
Alexandra G. December 13, 2015
A man who frequented the WF I used to work at introduced me to Gerolsteiner, he told me, "If you're feeling like sh&! try drinking a bottle of this." He was right, it gets rid of both my headaches and nausea.. I like Mountain Valley otherwise. Never tried Selters.
donna December 13, 2015
Selters followed by Pellegrino. I like knowing that the carbonation in the Selters' is from the earth.
Patsy December 13, 2015
Tried the best and also compared the store brand seltzer which was cheapest. Oddly enough, the store brand seltzer is amazing! Chilled and refreshing. Why pay so much for nothing more? It's all in the head.
Bonnie December 13, 2015
My favorite is Badoit. I must order it and it's not cheap, but it's a taste and a memory of France.
Sam I. December 13, 2015
POLAR! Only available in certain areas of the country. Comes in several flavors that are refreshing. They have fun seasonal flavors as well.
Karin B. December 13, 2015
Water should never come in a can or in plastic. I drink Pellegrino but would buy Selters or Gerolsteiner if I could get it here in rural Georgia.
Ronna S. December 11, 2015
Lacroix....coconut, grapefruit, & cherry lime. The best!
Joanna December 11, 2015
Vintage band seltzer is definitely the best! And cheapest!
PjrTexas December 10, 2015
LaCroix favorite....
Alexandra G. December 13, 2015
For flavored water, mine too!
Michelle December 10, 2015
I like Vichy Catalan too. Also, Apollinaris is salty. Ewwh.
candida January 9, 2021
I justy had my son send me Vichy Catalan for Christmas. A soft fizz and the taste of alkaseltzer. I cannot get it near me, we had it shipped from Spain (its origin) may I ask where you obtained it, as it is very expensive this way. thanks...Candida