The Easiest Way to Melt Chocolate Chips Is Right Under Your Nose

This doesn’t need to be difficult.

February 21, 2022
Photo by Mark Weinberg

Do you ever just want to melt chocolate chips and I don’t know, like, eat the puddle of semi-sweet chocolate by the spoonful? Same. Biscotti are better when dipped in melted chocolate, as are coconut macaroons. Melt chocolate chips in the microwave, then fold the gooey mixture into brownie batter for a super fudgy dessert. Dip potato chips into melted chocolate and let it harden for the perfect salty-sweet snack. We’re on the same page that there’s not much that melted chocolate can’t make more delicious, right? Good. So there’s only one thing left to discuss: our best tips and tricks for melting chocolate chips.

Chocolate Chips vs. Baking Chocolate

In general, chocolate chips will have added ingredients such as sugar, cocoa butter, milkfat, soy lecithin, and natural flavors. High-quality baking chocolate will contain basically the same breakdown of ingredients, with the exception of milkfat and added flavors. When choosing baking chocolate to temper, use high-quality dark chocolate that contains 60 percent to 72 percent cacao.

Chocolate can easily veer into overcomplicated culinary techniques, but we try to keep it as unfussy as possible. That means that if a recipe for brownies or cookies calls for melted chocolate, use what you have on hand and what you love. Obviously, if a recipe specifies using milk chocolate chips, like our Chocolatey Tahini Cups, or bittersweet chocolate (like Dorie Greenspan’s Top Secret Chocolate Mousse, then use that.

How to Melt Chocolate Chips

On the Stovetop

Traditionally, melting chocolate is done over a bain-marie, aka a double boiler. A heat-proof glass bowl, such as sturdy Pyrex, is set over a deep pot filled with about an inch of water. Chocolate chunks are added and slowly melt, thanks to the heat of the simmering water beneath it. Make sure that the water never comes to a boil and that the bowl does not touch the water; if it gets to be too hot, you’ll be more likely to burn the chocolate. It’s also important to stir the chocolate consistently for the same reason. Within five minutes, you’ll have a shallow pool of melted chocolate that is shiny as a head of brunette hair in a Pantene commercial.

In the Microwave

The easier, but less formal (aka French) way of melting chocolate is in the microwave. Pour a bag of chocolate chips or chopped chocolate in a glass bowl, then place it in the microwave and heat it up. You can also use a stainless steel bowl, so long as it doesn't touch the sides of the microwave (mindblowing, I know). Every 30 seconds, stop the microwave and stir the chocolate with a wooden spoon or spatula. This will ensure that the chocolate chips and newly melted chocolate are well-incorporated; plus, you’ll be less likely to overheat the chocolate, which would otherwise result in a sad, sticky, sloppy mess or burnt chocolate.

Safety tip: wear oven mitts or use potholders when you remove the bowl from the microwave or bain-marie, as it will be super hot. For the same reason, rest it on a trivet to protect your countertops, too.

Wait, But What Does Tempering Chocolate Mean?

So how does melting chocolate in the microwave differ from the fancy French technique known as “tempering?” Both are a method of achieving glossy, silky melted chocolate but tempering requires more of a careful hand…and the results are usually better.

Tempering chocolate involves heating and melting chocolate chunks over a bain marie, cooling some of the melted chocolate or incorporating new, unmelted chocolate chunks, and whisking furiously until the mixture comes together. You’ll know the chocolate is tempered when it reaches 90 degrees Fahrenheit (check this using a candy thermometer or meat thermometer).

While you can get away with simply melting chocolate for the majority of your cooking and baking, you'll need to temper your chocolate to delve into the world of confections. That's a story for another day, though—after all, we're here for melted chocolate, stat.

Calling all chocolate lovers! Now that you’ve successfully melted chocolate, how are you going to use it? Share your ideas in the comments below!

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Smaug
  • Brinda Ayer
    Brinda Ayer
Former Food52 Staff Editor


Smaug February 22, 2022
I don't believe I've ever used glass for a double boiler, doesn't seem like a great choice. I have (inadvertently) put metal in a microwave, nowhere near the walls, and while the resulting thunderstorm was entertaining it struck me as something to avoid in future.
Brinda A. February 22, 2022
A heatproof glass bowl is fine for a double boiler setup—Pyrex in fact makes double boilers fully out of glass. And a smooth stainless steel bowl in particular is OK in the microwave; Kenji has tested and written about it in The Food Lab. Maybe yours had some protrusions or sharp edges, which are not advised for the "thunderstorm" reasons you mention.
Smaug February 22, 2022
Well, my microwave experiences were with a set of keys that a neighbor kid put in there as a joke and something with a bit of foil sticking to it; maybe the smooth bowl would control the reflections or something, but I don't think I want to experiment with it. Glass is of course possible for a double boiler- I once had one with a ceramic bowl- but it's slow to heat up , holds a lot of heat when removed from the water bath, and (if a bowl rather than a DB with a handle) can be a little clumsy to handle. I can't imagine a kitchen without a set of stainless steel bowls, but I suppose it's possible that there are people without them.