DIY Food

Deep Frying Without Fear

January 29, 2013

Inspired by conversations on the FOOD52 Hotline, we're sharing tips and tricks that make navigating all of our kitchens easier and more fun. 

Today: we're showing you how to deep fry anything, fearlessly.


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The satisfaction of biting into a piece of perfectly crispy fried chicken is matched only by some cooks' fear of deep frying. After all, it requires a large pot of hot, bubbling oil sitting on your stove, ready to dole out third degree burns, or soggy chicken (or both!) at will. By monitoring the temperature of your oil and following a few easy guidelines, however, you too can fry chicken -- or green beans, or fritters -- at home with confidence and ease. As always, we're here to show you how.

Listen up: fried foods may not be as terrible as you think.
Yes, frying adds fat to your food. But it likely doesn't add as much as you would expect. Cook's Illustrated conducted a test where they fried chicken in 3 cups of oil, and then poured off almost 3 cups of oil after all the chicken was cooked -- meaning that very little was actually absorbed by the chicken itself. As long as you're keeping your oil hot enough -- high heat ensures that the water in your food will boil, evaporate, and keep oil from seeping in -- your food won't get overly soggy or greasy.


Choose your oil wisely.
Neutral oil is best for frying, because it won't impart its flavor on whatever you drop into it. Refined peanut oil is preferred by many master fryers for its neutral taste, high smoke point, and low levels of saturated fats. Canola oil is another good option -- you can even use olive oil if you're cooking at a low enough temperature, as in this recipe for tiny, crispy purple artichokes. Intrigued? Check out our post on oils and their varying smoke points for more information.

Solid fats, namely lard, are lauded by some for their ability to produce the perfect crisp fried chicken -- see Pete Wells' treatise on rendered pig fat -- but procuring enough lard to fill a large pot may require buying your own farm. We'll leave the decision up to you.



Equip yourself.
Success in the kitchen means arming yourself with the right tools, and frying is no different. A heavy-bottomed pot or deep sauté pan is the most traditional choice, but Serious Eats has discovered that woks make great vessels for deep frying, too. To make sure you're frying your oil at the right temperature, a clip-on thermometer is your best bet.

Don't have a thermometer? No problem. Oil that's ready for frying will bubble around the stick end of a wooden spoon when it's inserted. Alternatively, a piece of dried popcorn will pop in hot oil somewhere between 325 and 350 degrees -- and will give you something to snack on while you cook.


Get your temperature just right.
Once you add food to your hot oil, the temperature will drop -- therefore, you'll want to get it hot before cooking. Recipes may vary, but you'll want to preheat your oil to somewhere between 325 and 375 degrees. During cooking, you should aim to keep it between 250 and 325 degrees. Keeping your oil hot enough -- but not too hot -- will ensure crispy, golden, never-soggy results.

If your oil begins to smoke, you know it's too hot. This can impart bad flavor on your food, so if you see smoke, remove your pan from the heat carefully. 

Beware of Crowding.
Frying in large batches will cause the temperature of your oil to drop too low, resulting in a less crispy (and, therefore, less delicious) finished product. Fry in small batches, and be sure to stir while cooking -- this will fry your food more evenly. Frozen food should be cooked in very small batches in order to keep cooking temperatures level. Between batches, keep your oil clean by scooping out any pieces of food left behind.

Don't forget to drain and season.
Once your food is done, drain on a paper towel-lined plate; this will absorb more oil than draining it on a wire rack. And be sure to season your food immediately -- after all, what is fried food without salt?

Steer clear of the burn unit.
One of the biggest deterrents to deep frying is the fear of hot oil splashing all over your kitchen and your self. Armed with confidence and a few tips up your sleeve, you can keep your skin intact and your food crispy. While it's tempting to throw your food into the pot from afar to maximize the distance between yourself and the bubbling oil, this will actually increase the likelihood of splashing. Food dropped in from a short distance -- either by a fearless hand close to the oil's surface or a slotted spoon or bamboo strainer -- won't cause as much of a disturbance.

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Dispose of your oil properly
Don't want to pour hot oil down the sink? (You shouldn't.) Save your oil bottles, let your oil cool after you're done cooking, and pour it back into the bottles with a funnel. Seal them tightly and toss them in the trash.

...or don't toss them.
If you're looking to conserve money and oil, you can safely store used oil for a few weeks after its first use. Be sure to strain out any lingering pieces of food -- a fine mesh strainer is great for this. To keep your oil from smelling stale or fishy, keep it in as dark and as cold of a place as you can find. Cook's Illustrated suggests keeping your used oil in a very dark, very cold freezer for up to two months.

Ready to get frying?


Genius Fried Chicken

Olive Oil-Fried Artichokes

Salt Cod Croquettes

Tell us: What are your favorite tips for deep fried success?

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Michael Samu
    Michael Samu
  • erriche
  • Marilyn Wilson
    Marilyn Wilson
  • June
  • Tyler Hogan
    Tyler Hogan
Marian Bull

Written by: Marian Bull



Michael S. November 22, 2017
I have used the same oil 2 years in a row. I just strained it well after cooling a day, leaving the dregs in the pot. No bad smell or taste. I've done this with peanut oil. It didn't work with " Deep Frying blended oil" that became nasty by Christmas. This year I want to try Lard but I don't know how much. Any suggestions?
erriche September 1, 2016
Can be used oil less deep fryer
Marilyn W. August 15, 2016
The burner works on a regular propane tank (which is sold individually). Most folks use because it is healthier to use peanut oil to fry their turkey and it's among the most secure cooking oils that can cook your turkey at temperatures of 450 degrees F.For more information visit here;
June December 14, 2015
Throw your Canola oil OUT....terribly unhealthy. Fry in Coconut oil or peanut oil, or Avocado oil.....All vegetable oils poison. Be careful with this .....JPS
Tyler H. March 4, 2015
ok, thanks guys, literally just almost caught my house on fire. put warnings of the high chance of catching fire
Sewassbe February 3, 2013
My future mother-in-law saves her canola oil for about three times of frying. She says oil used a second time for frying french fries is when the fries turn out the best.

I've been terrified of deep fat frying, but the oodles of vintage fritter recipes I keep coming across make me want to try it.
Jim P. January 30, 2013
A few layers of cheese cloth strains used oil better.
ChefFace January 30, 2013
Thank you! Frying up a batch of chicken for my family Sunday, good to have a few tips/reminders in my head :)
nykavi January 30, 2013
There's something warm and comforting about a morsel of fried food. I grew up eating pakodas , samosa and papad ... Panfusine, you are right.. It's the curvature of the pan that makes it work.. My wok is my trusty companion especially on a cold afternoon
Panfusine January 29, 2013
I'm with Kitchen butterfly, growing up, deep frying was considered easy when it came to cooking techniques.
Hemispherical woks are the standard for deep frying in most Indian homes. The curvature helps in scooping out the food smoothly and minimizing danger from splashing.
Kitchen B. January 29, 2013
Its interesting how cultures shape people, especially around deep fat frying. I grew up in Nigeria where lots of things are fried. In fact deep frying is one of the first things you learn to do as a 'cook' - it is considered easy.

It wasn't till I became more aware that I realised that many people have a healthy respect for hot oil, for obvious reasons.

I tend to use my 'old' oil as a lighter fluid for the barbecue - another thing I learnt from Street food sellers at home in Nigeria.
George R. January 29, 2013
I was hoping you'd give selection data on good-quality deep fryers - how about it?