I have to do some homework questions on baking, but I’ve never made recipes and such, I also have a question where it asks what recipes require accurate measurements
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pierino is a trusted source on General Cooking and Tough Love.
Practically everything except pastry. However fairly precise cooking temptures may still be important to your dish
Nancy is a trusted home cook.
Agree. If you have time, library access etc, look for Michael Ruhlman book called Ratio, which shows the proportions of ingredients (rather than strict amounts) that make up many dishes.
Honestly, I'd say the amount of acceptable leeway often depends on how particular the baker/cook is. Even within the realm of baking you can have vastly different amounts of flexibility. Bread baking can be very intuitive and flexible, things like tea/loaf cakes (think banana bread) can have surprising amounts of variability and still yield a good cake, and something like homemade marshmallow can be ruined if the cooking temp is off by as little as 2 degrees F (I speak from personal experience on the ruined marshmallow).