Asian pears are true pears, but in terms of figure, they look more like apples. These yellow-green fruit tend to be round and so plump that you want to cup them in your hands and just stare at their lightly speckled skin for a moment before you take the first juicy bite.
We also go by: pyrus pyrifolia, Japanese pear, and Korean Giant.
As with most things in life though, there are exceptions: Some Chinese varieties of Asian pears have the standard pyriform, or pear-shaped, figure that we associate with European pears. And Asian pears can have considerable variation in their skin too: Some varieties have smooth skin, and although we often think of them as a warm sandy brown (1, below), they can also come in shades of yellow, green, and reddish.
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If you hear someone refer to an Asian pear as “russeted” (this condition isn’t limited to Asian pears—European pears and apples can have russeting too), this term refers to the skin having a slightly rough texture that is often described as “corky” or “net-like.” Russeting is brownish in color, and can cover just a small patch or an entire fruit. It’s a naturally occurring condition on some varieties of apples and pears, but it can also be a result of weather conditions.
Asian pears are ready to eat as soon as you buy them—they’re picked when they’re ripe. Unlike other types of pears, which you want to eat when they have a bit of give to them, ripe Asian pears are firm. Even though they’re hard, they still bruise easily, which is why you often see Asian pears sporting foam net sweaters for protection.
Asian pears will continue to ripen after picking, so if you’re not going to get to them quickly, keep them in the refrigerator—but let them come back up to room temperature before eating to enjoy their full flavor.
If you’ve got more Asian pears than you know what to do with (and in that case, what time should we come over?), you can freeze them for later. Our friends at Frog Hollow Farm recommend coring your Asian pears (peeling first is optional, depending on your personal preference and how you’ll be using them), placing halves or slices on a baking sheet, and then freezing. After they’re frozen, transfer them to a freezer bag or freezer-safe container—you'll be prepared when the urge for pear cake strikes.
10 Ways to Use Asian Pear
Asian pears are arguably best eaten out of hand, with a sturdy napkin to catch the juice dribbling down your chin. But sometimes it's good to change things up, so here are all the ways we like to use Asian pear: