How to Make Bibimbap Without a Recipe

August 24, 2015

Here at Food52, we love recipes—but do we always use them? Of course not. Because once you realize you don't always need a recipe, you'll make your favorite dishes a lot more often.

Today: Grab rice, bowls, and a few other things—it's time to go crazy. 

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When I first moved to New York, I was hungry for everything—and so I ate it all. At a tiny Korean restaurant tucked between a comic shop and café on St. Marks Place, I discovered bibimbap. On weekends, a dozen friends and I would cram ourselves into long wooden tables and order kimchi pancakes, spicy Korean fried chicken, and steaming bowls of bibimbap.

More: Genius Recipes' Korean-style chicken wings.

Bibimbap traditionally arrives tableside in a hot stone pot called a dolsot. The base is filled with rice and topped with an array of vegetables and meat. Right before serving, the chef cracks an egg over the top. You mix the egg into the rice with chopsticks, helping it cook and letting the runny yolk sauce your rice. These traditional stone pots retain heat exceptionally well: The residual warmth crisps the bottom and sides of the rice into a crunchy, golden, paella-like crust.

Cooking everything in one pot allows flavors to meld together nicely, so it’s perfectly adaptable to whatever mood you’re in. That said, you can also make the components separately and dish them out into separate bowls; it makes for a prettier presentation.

While this dish is technically Korean, the technique for one-pot, egg-topped crispy rice can fit any cuisine. Make an Italian version with rice, pancetta, basil, and tomatoes. Go Chinese: Add peppercorns, snow peas, sesame seeds, and tamari. You could use za’atar, eggplant, chickpeas, and lamb for a Middle Eastern rendition.

Whatever flavor way you go for, the first step is to gather your rice, vegetablesprotein, and some fun toppings:

Cook your rice. I like to use white sushi rice because it crisps nicely, but any variety will work.

In a separate pan, cook your vegetables however you want them to be cooked. You can lightly sauté them in olive oil, blanch them, steam them, roast them, or even leave them raw. It’s entirely up to you—they will all get folded into the final dish. I like to leave some of my vegetables a little crunchy to add texture to the soft rice. Some ideas:

  • Soy sauce-glazed snap peas
  • Grilled shiitake mushrooms
  • Sesame carrots
  • Thinly sliced bell peppers
  • Raw zucchini ribbons
  • Cucumber matchsticks

Thinly sliced steak, cubed lamb, pulled pork, or even shredded rotisserie chicken are excellent options. Plan to cook it before it gets mixed with the other components. I always include crispy diced bacon because I like bacon in everything. If you want to go vegetarian, consider creative ways to bulk up the bowl like crispy chickpeas, fried eggplant, or marinated tofu.

Bibimbap is all about texture: soft cooked rice, crisp rice crust, crunchy vegetables, chewy meat, and saucy egg. Layer on even more texture with your toppings. Try ingredients like bean sprouts, sesame seeds, or shredded dried seaweed if you are going with Asian flavors. Some sesame oil and hot sauce over the top before serving.


Here’s the fork in the road. Choose to make bibimbap in individual bowls (like we've done here) or in one big pot:

Method 1: Bibimbap in Bowls
Serving bibimbap in individually plated bowls is a prettier method (and nice for entertaining). The difference in method is you crisp the rice and cook the eggs separately, then compile everything in bowls. Once the rice is cooked, heat oil in a cast iron skillet, paella pan, or heavy-bottomed pot. Add the cooked rice and let it crisp up on the sides and bottom for a few minutes.

Spoon the cooked rice into each bowl. Top with your cooked vegetables and meat, then add toppings.

Fry some eggs (one per bowl). Cook them until the whites are just set and the yolks are still runny. Top each bowl with an egg, a drizzle of sesame oil and hot sauce, and serve. Use chopsticks to break the yolk and mix all the ingredients together.


Method 2: Bibimbap in a Pot
Here, everything cooks together in one big pot. Choose a heavy-bottomed pot with a lid. If you have a large enough cast iron pan or paella pan, use that. A Dutch oven will work. A traditional dolsot or stone pot is ideal, but not necessary.

Heat some oil in your pot until very hot. Add the cooked rice and cover, letting it cook for a few minutes. Next add the vegetables and meat. Crack an egg (or multiple eggs depending on how many people you are feeding) over the top. Cover the pot and remove it from the heat.

Keep the pot covered for a few minutes to allow the egg to start to cook. Remove the cover, and stir it all together before serving.

Either way, you'll end up with a variety of flavors and textures that'll make you realize bibimbap is the new (or the original?) grain bowl.

Photos by James Ransom

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I like warm homemade bread slathered with fresh raw milk butter, ice cream in all seasons, the smell of garlic in olive oil, and sugar snap peas fresh off the vine.


Nina March 2, 2016
Can you add beaten eggs rather than just cracking an egg into the rice?
kimikoftokyo August 31, 2015
I'm loving this way of making it. I fry my egg too. Also I put curry chicken or seafood on top. Something a bit different.
Heather Z. August 30, 2015
I've had good luck using my Le Creuset 5 qt French oven for making tahdig, and really, I have used stainless steel 4 qt pots for it was well. No trouble with burning or sticking, as long as you use enough butter and watch your heat. I think I have used my cast iron pan as well, with good results. One of my favorite lines of cookware is the discontinued Calphalon One infused anodized. Good luck finding those. :)
Heather Z. August 30, 2015
I am amazed to see Tah Dig anywhere but in Persian cuisine! And the egg added on top is also common in Persian cuisine.
JinJoo L. August 24, 2015
Great article!! You are so right, this is exactly how Koreans eat at home a lot of times. We just mix whatever banchan (side dish) we have and mix it up with rice and gochujang. As long as you have rice, gochujang sauce and some veggies, you are good to go! Meats are def. a plus but even that is not necessary.
Mary D. August 24, 2015
I really messed up the seasoning on my cast iron pan when trying to make crisp-bottomed rice. Perhaps I didn't use enough oil, but I would not recommend it. I've heard others having similar problems.
Posie (. August 24, 2015
Hm, good to know! I generally use my soapstone pot for this, which is most similar to a traditional dolsot. Mine was a gift so not sure where it is from but it looks like this one in case any readers are curious where to get one! http://m.anthropologie.com/anthro/m/product/home-kitchen/23110380.jsp#/
Ali S. August 24, 2015
Reading Louisa Shafia's instruction on how to make tahdig also might help: https://food52.com/blog/12539-how-to-make-tahdig-persian-stuck-pot-rice