In Hungary, Families Don’t Bother Making Just One of These Pastries

December  1, 2016

When I first moved to Budapest last year from New York, the abundance of atmospheric cukrászdas—confectioneries gushing retro charm—provided comfort in a new place. Rows of artful cakes with glistening raspberries or fluffy towers of sponge torte talked to me daily from behind glass.

One by one, I delightfully discovered classic Hungarian desserts, from slabs of chocolate mousse-filled Rigó Jancsi to somlói, raisin-strewn trifle blanketed in whipped cream. Over the holidays, as locals planned their intimate Christmas Eves revolving around halászlé, a paprika-laden fisherman’s soup, and stuffed cabbage drenched in sour cream, I became acquainted with beigli. This pastry, its innards a festive swirl of walnuts or poppy seeds, is a Christmastime fixture, a tradition that dates back to the mid-19th century.

“Everything related to Christmas in Hungary is German in origin with a little Austrian mediation. It’s hard to disentangle within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.”

So says Pierre Vajda, food critic of and respected authority on all manner of Hungarian culinary history. “The only thing that is sure about the beigli, a German-Yiddish word meaning horseshoe or ‘to bend’, is that it appears in the 1830 edition of István Czifray’s Hungarian National Cookbook—or at least a crescent-shaped pastry with poppy seed filling does.”

Shop the Story

That the poppy seed made a cameo in a French-inspired tome meant for aristocratic readers only underscores its importance to regional cooking. The humble seed arrived with the Turks, who ruled Hungary for 150 years before the Hapsburgs arrived. Beigli’s flavors perhaps most closely mimic flódni, a not-too-sweet cube stacked with layers of apple, walnut, and poppy seed that is synonymous with Jewish-Hungarian cuisine.

But it’s beigli that’s reserved for the holidays. Vajda explains that making it was long a beloved all-day activity where parents and children “cracked the walnuts, ground them and the poppy, kneaded and stretched the dough, then baked the rolls. This ritual strengthened the familial bond of Christmas because the whole family was bustling in the kitchen.”

Join The Conversation

Top Comment:
“Mine are from the far Western edge of Hungary--Vas Megye province--walking distance to Austria and Slovenia. Maybe there are regional differences in food names?”
— Windischgirl

By the time the holiday comes around, the beigli is ubiquitous in cukrászdas, home kitchens, and supermarkets alike. Each location has a tradition unto itself.

Beigli at the cukrászdas

Édesem is my favorite bakery in Budapest. A petite, natural light-bathed retreat where the walls are shrouded in vintage recipes, it’s sought after for owner Szonja Márk’s avant-garde creations. Márk, who just unveiled a beautiful cookbook, breaks from the predictable trappings of Hungarian repertoire to whip up the likes of fig rugelach, mango panna cotta, and whiskey-Nutella cake. But she wouldn’t dare not offer her patrons beigli. A few days before Christmas, “everyone wants beigli and nothing else,” she says. “The queues outside the famous shops like Auguszt and Daubner are out the door.”

Édesem confectionary in Budapest. Photo by Aron Erdohati

Growing up in Hungary, Márk devoured beigli like everyone else, but she “never found it interesting,” much preferring, say, mákos guba, the poppy seed-studded bread pudding that is another seasonal favorite. “Usually, beigli is a ratio of half a kilo filling to half a kilo pastry, but everyone makes it a different way,” she says. “It’s hard to find a good one because they are often dry and sometimes made with bad ingredients like poppy seeds cut with semolina.”

Márk does not skimp. She brightens her poppy seed version with grated lemon peel; her walnut one flaunts candied orange and apricot preserves. “The dough is crumbly, buttery, almost shortbread-like, but with a tiny amount of yeast in it,” Márk explains. “It's very delicate, so you must follow the baking and resting method precisely. If you don't do it properly, the top will crack during baking, especially if you roll in too much filling. It’s not so easy to avoid this mistake as more filling and less pastry is much more delicious.” In keeping with the imaginative spirit of Édesem, she also makes an unconventional chestnut rendition speckled with dark chocolate and a hearty cranberry-almond interpretation.

Beigli at home

Preparing beigli is time consuming—there’s the dough to knead and refrigerate and the filling to assemble, followed by the rolling, folding, and generous brushing of egg yolks. After that dries, it must be further coated with egg whites. Families usually don’t bother with just one lonely beigli, though, Márk says, noting that some churn out as many as 40, which are then offered as gifts to friends and relatives. “Usually everyone bakes much more than they are able to eat. That’s why you still have it on New Year's Eve,” she adds.

Convenience Beigli

While this laborious process is still embraced by numerous purists who relish the yearly dose of nostalgia in the contemporary Hungarian kitchen, Vajda says that as with most things, Christmas “was also industrialized, so bakers began making beigli in huge quantities.”

It’s become easier for time-strapped Hungarians to stand in line and buy ready-made beigli, a shift that has spawned yet another custom among families: “A contest where people compare where they bought their beigli,” says Vajda.

“This can also be a source of pride for them.”

Food52's Automagic Holiday Menu Maker
View Maker
Food52's Automagic Holiday Menu Maker

Choose your holiday adventure! Our Automagic Menu Maker is here to help.

View Maker

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Lee Pfeiler
    Lee Pfeiler
  • Amerikanka
  • Windischgirl
  • Dennis Kelley
    Dennis Kelley
  • Judit Neubauer
    Judit Neubauer
Alia Akkam

Written by: Alia Akkam

Food, drink, travel and design writer


Lee P. December 23, 2016
That isn't poppy seed filling in the picture.
Amerikanka December 22, 2016
In Serbia they call it strudla, and is virtually identical. I started making it many years ago for Christmas morning for my husband who is Serbian. It's truly delicious with coffee. He says it's all over the Balkans, Austria, Germany etc. And is very popular.
Windischgirl December 5, 2016
Thanks for asking, Dennis, because I wondered the same thing; my family also calls this kalács.
Where are your people from? Mine are from the far Western edge of Hungary--Vas Megye province--walking distance to Austria and Slovenia. Maybe there are regional differences in food names?
Judit N. December 12, 2016
Hello Windischgirl, I just answered to Dennis, you will be able to read it...As I was studying a few articles in Hungarian, I can say you are right, apparently there are some regions where they call it kalács, or even "patkó". It is funny because these are the things that end up in a discussion among Hungarians as well....and even if we don't come to an agreement in name, we will agree in that that bejgli, kalács or patkó is soooo delicious! :D
Dennis K. December 2, 2016
This looks exactly like what our Magyar-American family calls "kalacs". Is this different?
Judit N. December 12, 2016
Hello Dennis, even among Hungarians there is a discussion what is the difference between kalács and bejgli, but there is no real answer. Some people say the difference is that kalács is made from yeasted dough, and bejgli is not but I cannot agree, since we make bejgli from a yeasted dough. :) I think it can vary from region to region or even from family to family how they call it. In my family in our recipes the difference is that in case of kalács I add very soft butter to the dough, in case of bejgli I mix the the flour with the cold butter first, as you would do it when you are preparing a shortcrust pastry than add other ingredients (yeast,milk etc.)