The Great Salad Shake-Up

Samin Nosrat Will Never Let You Make a Boring Salad Again

We swear by this salad checklist in 'Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat.'

July 24, 2019

What makes a good salad great? We’re answering just that in The Great Salad Shake-Up, a mini-series on everything from the right lettuce for you (it’s out there!) to how to ditch the oil in dressing (yes, you can). BYO salad spinner.


If Samin Nosrat learned anything from her years at Chez Panisse, it was how to make a salad. From a distance, this seems like a no-brainer task: Combine lettuce and vegetables in a bowl, toss with dressing, ta-da. But that’s a good salad. What about a great one?

According to Nosrat, the answer hinges on a few things. Toss with your hands instead of tongs. Use seasonal produce. And, of course: "Taste everything all along the way,” she told me.

But the biggest one is what Nosrat calls her ideal salad checklist. It has five components and, as you might guess from the title of her award-winning cookbook (and Netflix show of the same name), salt, fat, and acid are three of them. The other two are crunch and umami.

From SALT, FAT, ACID, HEAT by Samin Nosrat. Text copyright © 2017 by Samin Nosrat. Illustrations copyright © 2017 by Wendy MacNaughton. Reprinted by permission of Simon & Schuster, Inc.
Want to learn even more from Samin? Of course you do. For more lessons, check out Food52's "Kitchen Confidence Camp" video series, based on "Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat." Photo by James Ransom

As Nosrat writes in Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat, salads become classics because they check off these boxes. And when one ingredient can accomplish two things (say, anchovies lending salt and umami)? Even better.

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Top Comment:
“Samin writes about salt, fat, acid and heat but doesn’t imply you must use all four always. Another favorite is The Joy of Cooking’s arugula, mango and avocado salad - I add toasted hazelnuts because I too like crunch sometimes. I also rarely add a protein besides cheese. One exception, another favorite - Salad Nicoise. Thanks for breaking down perfect salads!”
— jutta F.
Comment

Before we get into the salads themselves, though, let’s review our ingredient possibilities. Note: This list is a drop in the bucket compared to everything you could put in a salad (which is everything, right?), but it’s a good starting point. And remember, these can be applied to the salad itself or the dressing.

  • Salt. Tinned fishes, like anchovies and sardines. Cured meats, like salami, prosciutto, and bacon. Pickles, capers, sauerkraut, kimchi, and their brines. Olives of all kinds (I like oil-cured best). Cheeses, like feta, Parmesan, and pecorino. Soy sauce and miso (the darker, the more intense). Fish sauce. Oh, and salt (always salt your salad before you toss).
  • Fat. Oils, like extra-virgin olive, canola, grapeseed, avocado, and walnut. Mayonnaise! Nuts, seeds, and their butters. Any meat, like cured pork (see Salt, above), rotisserie chicken, and fish, especially oily varieties like salmon. Eggs (say, hard-boiled in the salad, or soft-boiled in the dressing). Yogurt, sour cream, and buttermilk. Cheese, especially creamy ones like Brie or goat. Ripe avocado.
  • Acid. Vinegars, like red wine, white wine, rice, and malt. Freshly squeezed citrus juice. Tomatoes and ketchup (hello, Russian dressing). Fresh and dried fruit (bonus points for pickled dried fruit). Pickles, capers, sauerkraut, kimchi, and their brines (see Salt, above). Sourdough bread (for croutons or, yes, dressing). Yogurt, sour cream, buttermilk (see Fat, above), and cheese, especially funky ones like aged gouda or blue.
  • Crunch. Fresh vegetables! Cucumber, radish, carrot, zucchini, fennel, broccoli, cauliflower, corn. Crisp lettuces, like iceberg, romaine, and radicchio. Snappy fruits, like apple and pineapple. Croutons. Fried onions or shallots. Roasted nuts. Bacon.
  • Umami. Tomatoes in all forms—fresh, sun-dried, roasted, ketchup. Dried mushrooms, mushroom bacon. Aged cheese, especially Parmesan. Nutritional yeast. Soy sauce. Fish sauce.

To learn how to mix-and-match ingredients like a pro, just ask some of your favorite recipes for advice. For instance, in Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat, Nosrat breaks down a wedge, Caesar, cobb, and Greek salad.

From SALT, FAT, ACID, HEAT by Samin Nosrat. Text copyright © 2017 by Samin Nosrat. Illustrations copyright © 2017 by Wendy MacNaughton. Reprinted by permission of Simon & Schuster, Inc.

Here’s the same breakdown with four popular salad recipes on Food52. The “bonus” category are rogue ingredients that don’t fit into any of the others (be rebellious!).

And with that, you’re up. Use the ideal salad checklist the next time you’re throwing this and that and a few of those into a bowl, and you’ll end up with something you love. Just promise you’ll come back and tell me about it, okay?

This post contains products that are independently selected by our editors and writers, and Food52 may earn an affiliate commission. What salad would you dream up using Samin Nosrat’s checklist? Share ideas in the comments!
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    mic
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Emma is a writer and recipe developer at Food52. Before this, she worked a lot of odd jobs, all at the same time. Think: stir-frying noodles "on the fly," baking dozens of pastries at 3 a.m., reviewing restaurants, and writing articles about everything from how to use leftover mashed potatoes to the history of pies in North Carolina. Now she lives in Maplewood, New Jersey with her husband and their cat, Butter. Stay tuned every Tuesday for Emma's cooking column, Big Little Recipes, all about big flavor and little ingredient lists. And see what she's up to on Instagram and Twitter at @emmalaperruque.

8 Comments

mic September 3, 2019
I love Samin, and everything she brings, literally to the table. But, like so many of your videos, the music is twice as loud as it needs to be, sometimes competing with the voices of you or your guest. (and, by the way, yours is one of the few emails I ever open ☺️)
 
Marian September 3, 2019
Love these recipes but please leave out the music it is so distracting. Thanks
 
EC September 1, 2019
This is a great breakdown. But there’s also sweet - fresh or dried fruit and, sweetener or juice to the dressing. Eg: Thai papaya salad, Ina Garten’s mango/butter lettuce/macadamia nut salad, Otto Lenghi’s date/spinach/hazelnut salad. Agree that lightly salting the greens makes it all come together.
 
Chef K. September 1, 2019
The best thing Samin says “is put down the tongs.” I couldn’t agree more. 😋
 
Peter A. September 1, 2019
Trader Joe's has some awesome spicy dill pickles which I like to chop up and toss on top of my salads. Also, cheddar cheese crisps instead of croutons is a nice addition.

Grow some New Zealand spinach for some fresh dark green leaves that you can cut and come again for months.

Don't under estimate microgreens! They charge insane prices for them at the markets but you can grow them yourself so easily for almost nothing. Sproutpeople is the best source for seeds... One of my favorites is little half loaf pans of sunflower, buckwheat and pea shoots which I grow weekly on and off throughout the year. You don't even need grow lights for them although it doesn't hurt. Just make sure you use a little bit of organic soil like Coast of Maine grower's mix in the small trays for maximum nutrition. Recycle those little oblong mushroom containers and feed yourself like a king in the process. Plus growing your own greens and creating an oasis on your kitchen counter is so satisfying, especially in the dead of winter. Compost the remains of the trays and keep the cycle going forever.
 
jutta F. September 1, 2019
I don’t want heat in my salads, I like them to be refreshing. The salads in Samin’s Ideal Salad chart happen to be four of my favorites. I do sometimes add onions (heat) to my Greek Salad. If you want heat or to use heat, you can grill your romaine or make a slaw with hot peppers. Samin writes about salt, fat, acid and heat but doesn’t imply you must use all four always.

Another favorite is The Joy of Cooking’s arugula, mango and avocado salad - I add toasted hazelnuts because I too like crunch sometimes. I also rarely add a protein besides cheese. One exception, another favorite - Salad Nicoise. Thanks for breaking down perfect salads!
 
Julie July 28, 2019
Salt, fat, acid, heat. You mentioned everything but heat in the article, including crunch and umami. Where’s the heat?
 
Tony G. September 1, 2019
I think the heat does not deal with salads. The book title is a more cookbook. Salad is only one part.