Broccoli Rabe

How to Buy & Use Broccoli Rabe, Everyone’s Favorite Bitter Green

Make your Italian grandmother proud by learning how to cook it.

July 13, 2021
Photo by Julia Gartland

Broccoli rabe (pronounced “rahb”) seems like it should be a type of broccoli. Its flowers look like tiny broccoli florets, and if you stripped its stalk of leaves, you might swear it’s broccolini. You'd be wrong, but not so far off—broccoli rabe is a member of the brassica family, although it’s more closely related to turnips than broccoli. And don't be fooled at the market: broccoli rabe masquerades under a variety of names, including broccoli raab, rapini, bitter broccoli, turnip broccoli, and broccoli di rape.

What to Look For
Choose firm, small-stemmed specimens with compact, tightly closed, dark green florets and leaves that aren’t wilted, and make sure to avoid yellow leaves and flowers. As with broccoli, the florets turn yellow as it ages, so yellow flowers are a sign that your bunch of broccoli rabe is past its prime. For extra insurance, give your stems the sniff test, and pass on any with an unpleasant smell (think off-putting cabbage aroma).

How to Store and Prep
Similar to most greens, broccoli rabe stores well in a plastic bag in your crisper drawer for 3 to 5 days. The stalks, leaves, and blossoms of the plant are all edible—you’ll just want to trim off the base of the stem, as it can be woody. If you end up with thick-stemmed broccoli rabe despite your best efforts otherwise, simply shave or peel a bit of the stem like you would with beefy asparagus stalks.

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How to Use Broccoli Rabe
Broccoli rabe is really at its best when cooked, though nothing should stop you from tossing a few very young leaves into a salad. Its flavor is nutty, similar to mustard or turnip greens, and bitter in varying degrees—it can change depending on your taste buds, how it’s prepared, and its age. Bitterness is part of broccoli rabe’s charm, but if you'd like, you can cut some of it by blanching before proceeding with your recipe. Check out our spirited discussions for other suggestions on how to quell the bite, and try recipes that balance the bitterness with sweetness or acidity. And if you still find broccoli rabe too bitter, well, all the more for us.

Our Favorite Broccoli Rabe Recipes 

A Pot of Beans & Greens

A Pot of Beans & Greens 

For this uber-comforting beans and broccoli rabe recipe that can be made vegan (just leave out the Parmesan rind!), start with an entire pound of dried beans, such as cannellini, pinto, or chickpeas. Cook them with a whole head of garlic, an entire lemon, and a big head of sturdy greens, such as broccoli rabe. As they simmer together, the mixture will be super creamy, a little brothy, and totally delicious.

Best Beef and Broccoli

Beef & Broccoli 

Instead of using Chinese broccoli for this stir-fry, use broccoli rabe! Sauté it with garlic, ginger, soy sauce, Shaoxing wine, and a spoonful of sugar to help soften the bitter flavor of cooked broccoli rabe. Serve it over rice with thin strips of marbleized steak for a takeout meal at home.

Mark Weinberg

Sausage & Broccoli Rabe Stuffing

Change up your usual Thanksgiving stuffing with this super-flavorful version that boasts two classic Italian ingredients—hot Italian sausage and some slightly bitter broccoli rabe. To prepare the broccoli rabe, bring salted water to a boil and blanch it for just a couple of minutes, until tender. Stop the cooking by immediately transferring it to a bowl of ice cold water, which will preserve its crisp texture and bright color.

Pot of Pasta With Broccoli Rabe & Chorizo Bread Crumbs

Pot of Pasta With Broccoli Rabe & Chorizo Bread Crumbs

An entire pound of spicy sausage and a large bunch of sautéed broccoli rabe is tossed with a chunky pasta noodle like rigatoni for this 30-minute weeknight dinner recipe. Cook the broccoli rabe over medium-heat with olive oil and tomato paste in a large pot; after a few minutes, the vegetable will start to wilt and turn bright green. 


What’s your favorite way to prepare broccoli rabe? Let us know in the comments below!


See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Enzo
  • Ironeyes100
  • Ladybea831
  • LB (Laurie Beth)
    LB (Laurie Beth)
  • pierino
I like esoteric facts about vegetables. Author of the IACP Award-nominated cookbook, Cooking with Scraps.


Enzo April 26, 2022
My Italian mum blanched the brocolli, she fried onions and garlic in olive oil and butter. Mum added the brocolli to the onions and garlic. Mum added chillies and mixed freshly cooked pasta with the brocolli. Delightful. Mum also served them cold, with either chopped garlic and olive oil. She also served them with a malt vinegar and olive oil dressing.
Ironeyes100 April 15, 2021
I like to give mine a quick blanch and dunk in ice water, then douse with olive oil, gochugaru flakes, and salt. Toss on a hot grill after cooking my protein to give a wilty char and oh man, I usually eat it before I cut my steak!
Ladybea831 November 30, 2019
I love broccoli rabe, I’m that person who can eat it everyday! I was making breakfast and decided that I would use that little leftover Broccoli Rabe with my scrabble eggs. I scramble the eggs in a bowl while the frying pan was heating up on a low flame. Once the pan was hot I sprayed my butter cooking spray on the pan and added the eggs. Then I added the broccoli rabe, (cut in bite size pieces) shredded mozzarella cheese, some sundried tomatoes and grated cheese. When it’s cooked on the bottom flip it in half and turn off the flame. Flip it over and let it finish cooking in the middle with just the heat from the hot pan. I served it on toast for my husband but I had mine without the toast! (satisfying either way) Try it, I’m sure you will love it!
LB (. April 7, 2013
Broccoli Rabe is an extension of me :) I cook and eat 2-3 times per week experimenting with recipes but always come back to my Nonna's.
pierino March 22, 2013
I love the taste of bitter greens. Much more popular in Italy (and southern Europe) than in the USA. I love chicoria in the winter with an anchovy dressing.
Lindsay-Jean H. April 2, 2013
I first encountered broccoli rabe while living in Japan, where it was really popular as well. I'll admit it took me a couple times of it showing up in my CSA box before I figured out what to do with it, and wasn't just choking it down. Now I'm a fully converted fan of bitter greens!
CHeeb March 22, 2013
Sauteed in olive oil with Boursin cheese melting on top is our newest way to enjoy this great green.
Kenzi W. March 22, 2013
Broccoli rabe sits on my favorite pizza of all time -- with fennel sausage, mozz, and a healthy sprinkle of crushed red pepper.
HalfPint March 22, 2013
My favorite Italian deli makes sandwiches and adds sauteed broccoli rabe (w/garlic & chili flakes) as a filling. It's an incredible addition and now I can't have my hoagies without it.