Mizuna: The Punk Rock Poser

April  5, 2013

Every week we get Down & Dirty, in which we break down our favorite unique seasonal fruits, vegetables, and more.

Today: We’re talking about another cool-weather-loving brassica while we wait for spring’s bounty. Get the true story on this feisty looking green, plus ideas for a week’s worth of mizuna-filled meals.

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Mizuna likely originated in China, but since it's been cultivated for so many generations in Japan, it’s often thought of as a Japanese vegetable. This Asian green is another name-collecting vegetable; you might find mizuna labeled as kyona, Japanese mustard, potherb mustard, spider mustard, or California peppergrass. Like tatsoi, mizuna frequently shows up in salad mixes -- especially mesclun -- so there's a good chance you've already been introduced.

Fun cocktail party fact: mizuna's name means "water greens," which most associate with mizuna's juicy stems. But not Hiroko Shimbo -- in The Japanese Kitchen, she explains that mizuna is so named because it "is grown in fields that are shallowly flooded with water." Try to tell us this won't make you the life of your next party. 

What to Look For
With its jagged saw-toothed leaves, mizuna looks like a vegetable with an attitude, so much so that you might expect to bite into an aggressively bitter green. That's not the case though, it's a total poser -- mizuna’s lacy leaves are actually very mild in flavor. They have a tiny bit of tang and a slight peppery bite, but an underlying subtle sweetness.

Look for mizuna with green glossy leaves (1) and bright white stems (2). Be sure to choose crisp bunches, and avoid any yellow (3) or slimy leaves like the plague. Mizuna tolerates cool weather well, so leaves grown in cold frames or hoop houses are available now. If you haven’t seen mizuna at your farmers market yet, hang tight -- you might find it at an Asian market in the meantime, but mizuna will likely show up for you later in the spring.

More: While you're at the market, look out for broccoli rabe, too.

How to Use Mizuna
Revisit last week’s tips to refresh your memory on storing and washing greens, and use mizuna like you would another versatile green -- add it to a salad, toss it in a stir fry, or a soup at the end of cooking. Mizuna holds up well to heat, but it does substantially shrink in volume. Just to be safe, buy double (4) what you think you’ll need. If you have larger leaves, remove their stems at the base of each leaf, as they'll take a bit longer to cook.

Mizuna's crunchy stems make it perfect for overnight pickling, and mizuna is right at home in pasta too. In Vegetables from Amaranth to Zucchini, Elizabeth Schneider uses mizuna two ways in one recipe: as a bed for soba noodles and radishes, and again in the tart tofu-mizuna dressing they're tossed with. 

Want ideas for how to eat mizuna every day of the week? We've got those, too: 

Saturday: Spicy Thai Beef Salad with Mizuna 
Sunday: Chef Seth Caswell’s Gravlax with Tat Soi, Mizuna and Pickled Rhubarb Vinaigrette 
Monday: Wok Sautéed Mizuna with Minced Chicken
Tuesday: Mizuna, Radish Pods and Turnip Ribbons Salad
Wednesday: Mizuna & Haricot Vert Salad with Crispy Potatoes, Purple Basil, Cherry Tomatoes & Stilton
Thursday: Salad of Grilled Shrimp & Wilted Mizuna Mustard Greens
Friday: Zuni Cafe’s Roasted Chicken with Bread Salad (Just swap mizuna for the other greens.)

Photos by James Ransom 

Read More:
How to Wash Greens (Without a Salad Spinner)
All About Tempeh (plus a Mizuna Salad with Miso)
10 Recipes to Welcome Spring 

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • CorinnaB
  • AntoniaJames
  • Lindsay-Jean Hard
    Lindsay-Jean Hard
I like esoteric facts about vegetables. Author of the IACP Award-nominated cookbook, Cooking with Scraps.


CorinnaB April 20, 2013
It is so good to flesh out the standard leafy greens with other goodies - thank you for talking about delicious mizuna.
AntoniaJames April 5, 2013
Oh, too funny, Lindsay. When I saw your comment last week about stems, I was sure you'd be doing a piece on great ways to use stems from greens and other veggies. You should! Draw on the collective wisdom of the community via the Hotline. The lacto-fermented stems are just delicious. I've got a jar of gai choy (a Chinese mustard green) stems in the works right now. And some made with the hard white pieces near the stem end of a napa cabbage. (No, it should not be capitalized. Look it up, for another fun fact . . . having to do with greens!!) ;o)
Lindsay-Jean H. April 5, 2013
Ooh I like that idea AntoniaJames. The lacto-fermented stems really do sound delicious and hurray for fun food facts!
AntoniaJames April 5, 2013
I recall learning this years ago -- was it in Gourmet? or in the Wednesday food section of the Times? -- but from a more recent source, for those who don't know: "Nappa is the generic term for leafy greens in Japanese, so most likely the American name derives from that term." From "Japanese Farm Food" by Nancy Singleton Hachisu, page 68. ;o)