Everything You Need to Know About Curry Leaves

How to use them, where to buy them, and more.

July 15, 2019

Curry Leaves and Your Favorite Ways to Use Them

Let’s get this out of the way right off the bat: Curry leaves are an herb, and they are not related to curry powder. Curry powder is a blend of different spices which may or (far more likely) may not include curry leaves. In The Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson writes of curry powder: “the kind sold commercially represents an attempt by the British manufactures to provide in ready-made form a spice mixture corresponding to those uses in South India.” Powder and leaves are not, in any way, a substitute for one another.

To add to the confusion, curry leaf plants and curry plants are different, too; if you're looking to grow your own curry leaves, the former is what you want. Linguistic sticklers be advised: The curry leaf plant has pinnate leaves (1, below), so when a recipe calls for a certain number of curry leaves, it’s actually calling for said number of curry leaflets (2, below).

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Curry Leaves and Your Favorite Ways to Use Them

So What Are Curry Leaves, Then?

Curry leaves are a part of the same family as citrus fruits. Their glossy green leaves are very aromatic, and they have a unique flavor all their own. There is a citrus element, along with something else that’s hard to put your finger on—some say asafoetida, and others anise. In her book Classic Indian Cooking, Julie Sahni describes the leaves as having “a bitterish taste and a sweetish, pungent aroma almost like lemon grass."

Needless to say, they are unlike anything else in your spice rack, so it's no surprise that Monica Bhide divides her life “into B.C. and A.C.—before curry leaves and after I first ate them” (and you just might, too). Curry leaf newbies take note: Some preparations will call for curry leaves to be removed from a dish, but it's fine when they don't—the leaves are completely edible. (Sorry to deprive you of fun games like "Find the Missing Bay Leaf.")

Where Can I Buy Curry Leaves?

Though they are becoming more readily available in grocery stores all over, fresh curry leaves are admittedly not the easiest ingredient to find. You can buy them at Indian or world food markets, such as Patel Brothers and Kalustyan's. (The latter is where our books editor Brinda Ayer likes to buy them.) If you don't have any of those near you, then you could always order them online.

How to Use Curry Leaves

The question of what to do with fresh curry leaves pops up from time to time on our Hotline, and over the years you all have shared a number of your favorite ways to use them:

  • Amanda suggests picking up Maya Kaimal's book Savoring the Spice Coast of India"lots of recipes call for curry leaves," and saving some for later by freezing them. When using frozen curry leaves, RobertaJ uses the spine of her chef's knife to "bruise" them a bit first.
  • Panfusine offers up a simple relish recipe: "1 cup curry leaves, 1/4 cup fresh ginger, juice of 1 lime, toasted cumin, 2 green chiles (adjust as per taste), and salt to taste—process these in a food processor until smooth." Enjoy with toasted crostini, if, like Panfusine, you have a "crazy palate.”
  • Pauljoseph has a lot of ideas: "Whole sprigs of fresh curry leaves are often quickly fried (because they can burn in seconds) in ghee or oil with other Indian spices, such as mustard seeds and cumin, and then stirred into any curry. They're delicious with chopped tomatoes or fresh corn kernels. Try grinding the leaves with coconut, chilies, and tamarind to make a chutney." And that's not all he has to share—multiple community members point to pauljoseph’s recipes as a source for curry leaf cooking inspiration.
  • MaryMaryCulinary says: "I do a lot of South Indian and Sri Lankan cooking, and I am always throwing a sprig into something. However, I buy them in large bags, so I was excited to find this curry leaf sambol recipe as it uses a cup of the leaves. It's delicious with rice and I love it on egg hoppers."

After you’ve worked your way through these suggestions and mastered your favorite dal recipe, branch out and try curry leaves in scrambled eggs, bread, or a mojito.

More Curry Leaf Recipes

Did we miss your favorite way to use curry leaves? Tell us in the comments!

Photos by James Ransom

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Curtis Jackson
    Curtis Jackson
  • Linda Rasp
    Linda Rasp
  • Anne Tokos
    Anne Tokos
  • Jack Parker
    Jack Parker
  • Chef amanda
    Chef amanda
I like esoteric facts about vegetables. Author of the IACP Award-nominated cookbook, Cooking with Scraps.


Curtis J. October 9, 2021
Based on this article's suggestion, I bought "Savoring the Spice Coast of India".

There is one (1) recipe in the entire book that calls for curry leaves. And that one is boring af. Do NOT buy this book for curry leaf recipes.
StreetSong February 2, 2022
I feel the need to correct the record, since Savoring the Spice Coast of India by Maya Kamal is one of my favorite cookbooks and it is LOADED with delicious recipes using curry leaves! You may have based your judgment on a sadly mistaken and poorly edited Index, which lists only one recipe, but please look beyond that and try some of the dhals and other dishes that use curry leaves. My copy of the book is full of bookmarked favorites (like Masoor Dhal with Toasted Coriander and Chickpeas with Onion) and I hope you'll discover some of your own.
Linda R. February 18, 2020
You mentioned that curry leaf plant and curry plant are different it possible to provide the botanical name for these so that I make sure that I am getting the correct thing? Thanks :)
Sandra A. March 6, 2022
Just google thjem ,each separately. Heaps of information and more recipes.
Anne T. July 16, 2019
I live in central Ohio-access to Curry Leaves is several hours away in any direction. So last summer I ordered one from Logees. It is gorgeous! Wintered over just fine indoors.
Jack P. September 7, 2017
I don't think curry leaves are like asafetida at all! asafetida, while a helpful ingredient, really STINKS! I must keep mine in a ziploc bag, inside another ziploc bag, and then an airtight tupperware container! That might sound like overkill but, if I don't store it that way, I can smell it all over my small apartment! I've been blessed to do a bit of traveling which really expanded my way of thinking from a strictly western mindset. I've learned that it's completely natural to pick some spice items from your meal as you eat. As a spice fanatic, I'm okay with that! I really enjoyed your article! I like your sense of humor!
Chef A. February 8, 2017
I have a wonderful recipe for garlic braised tomatoes with kari leaves as they area widely known by people from India. I love the flavor and always eat them as opposed to picking them out.
Carol J. August 1, 2018
Please do tell us your recipe!
Gina H. November 16, 2016
Please send me what benefits can I get using curry leaves on the hair for growth.
Regina January 14, 2018
would like to know if curry leaves helps grow hair!
Carol B. January 9, 2016
Add to filling for Masala Dosa!
Nancy H. April 11, 2015
question - chicken soup and beef broth on the stove. I have a bag of curry leaves to use up. can I throw a few leaves into each? would it add anything? or is this not advisable?? still a novice with curry leaves. thanks!!
devi March 2, 2014
As person from the spice coast with out the curry leave infused tempering every curry is incomplete... the smell of temping take me back to grandmothers kitchen
Curry powder that is something i have grocery often here I think it is a blend of powdered basic spices(coriander red chillis and turmeric)and not powdered curry leaf.Curry leaf has some medicinal qualities too
Storage S. February 28, 2014
I recently infused curry leaf flavor into canola oil by putting 2 oz. of curry leaf into a cup of oil and heating it to 175F for 2 hours in a water bath. It came out cloudy and and slightly green. The flavor is terrific--we've tried it on potatoes, popcorn, zucchini and swiss chard.

I'm thinking curry leaf mayonnaise needs to be tried.
Pedram R. February 25, 2014
Crush a curry leaf between your fingers and breathe in the slightly spicy, citrus scent. Use the fresh leaves in Indian dishes or to make an aromatic infused olive oil.

Curry leaf know-how

Fresh curry leaves can be fried in oil to add depth of flavour at the start of cooking, or shredded and added to dishes in the last few minutes.
Curry leaves are great with lentils, vegies, fish, coconut, turmeric and mustard seeds in slow-cooked curries, spice mixes and chutney.
Dried curry leaves are less pungent than fresh - if using dried, double the quantity.

Long live the leaves

Store curry leaves in a plastic bag in the crisper for up to a week, or in the freezer for up to three months.
lazysmurf February 24, 2014
I bought the stupid curry plant last year hoping to harvest curry leaves. I've never seen the curry leaf plant at the nursery. Maybe I'll search for some seeds.
Rhetta J. January 14, 2018
I grew a so called curry herb, had no flavor and was not the curry leaved plant they show in the pics.
tia July 15, 2019 sells the plants. Mine isn't super happy but I keep forgetting to water it so that's not really a surprise. The horticultural name is 'Murraya koenigii'
Curtis J. October 9, 2021
Pro tip: In the spring (April here in the San Francisco bay area), cut your curry leaf plant down to just short stumps, and place it somewhere out of direct sunlight. After about 5 nail-biting weeks of thinking you've killed the plant, the trunks will start to show buds. Put it back in sunlight and watch it EXPLODE with growth.

Mine was 2 pencil-thin branchless trunks with branches/leaves only at the very top. Looked pitiful, like something the Lorax would want to save. I cut it back to two 8-inch stumps in April this year. Now, October, it is as tall as it was before I cut it down (about 5 feet), and it has bushed out like crazy.

The next year, cut it back hard but not all the way down to just the trunk, and it'll grow like crazy again.

Ongoing maintenance: It doesn't need a lot of fertilizer. Throw it a capful of slow-release fertilizer like Osmocote every couple of months. Give it some iron occasionally (every other month-ish). Let it dry out between waterings. Give if full or near-full sun. That's really all it needs.
Sandra A. March 6, 2022
They are two different plants. Google them separately for full info.
Sandra A. March 6, 2022
For some reason my reply got attached to a different comment, see below. Curry plant and curry leaf are two separate plants. Google each of them for heaps more info.
Sandra A. March 6, 2022
Why are my replies not attached to the comment intended? They are both in answer to the question from Rhetta J.
catalinalacruz February 23, 2014
The dry form of anything fresh is always a poorer substitute, but do you recommend using dry curry leaves if fresh are unavailable?
ortolan February 23, 2014
I've used dry curry leaves with a lot of success. The ones I buy are whole, and when crumbled into simmering coconut milk with shallots and lime peel, fragrance it beautifully.
catalinalacruz February 24, 2014
Thanks for your reply. I will happily use my dry curry leaves with confidence. BTW, as a birder and foodie, I may be one of the few readers here who knows what an ortolan is. Please tell me you have never eaten one. :)
LeBec F. February 23, 2014
Terrific piece. Well explained and love the various 52er suggestions.