please help me
is it a loaf made in a loaf pan?
The reasons could be many, and we'd need you to share more details to answer effectively.
Still, when that happens, it is usually because there is too much moisture trapped in the bread. When the bread retains too much humidity, moisture gets trapped between the crumb and the crust, causing them to separate.
Do you let your bread raise in a very moist environment? Do you cover it with a towel as soon as it's out of the oven? Do you put it in a bag or something before it has cooled completely?
You may have over proofed it.
yes,I'm thinking over proofed. Do you cut the top of your bread before baking?
Cynthia is a trusted source on Bread/Baking.
It's called "layering," and it means that your bread was not kneaded enough. Kneading develops gluten, the protein which quite literally holds bread up. If it isn't developed adequately, once the bread hits the heat of the oven and the tiny pockets of carbon dioxide begin to expand, the strands of gluten surrounding them are not strong enough to stretch (rise) and contain them. They break apart, and the carbon dioxide, which is turning to air, escapes. The top crust is the first thing to form in the oven, so it ends up trapping a pocket of escaped air beneath its surface. The bread beneath it breaks easily when sliced, again, because of inadequate gluten development. Here is an explanation of how to tell if you've sufficiently kneaded your dough: http://thesolitarycook... Most importantly, persevere!
June is a trusted source on General Cooking.
Two things. 1) I think you did not knead the dough enough initially. For ap flour, 10 minutes, for whole wheat, at least 15. 20 is not too much. 2) I think you overproofed your second rise (in the pan). This has happened to me when I let the loaves sit too long before baking.
thank all of you..first..yes..I baked it in a loaf pan..and I used half bread flour and half ap flour..maybe I didn't let it cool enough before bagging it?..I kneaded it for as long as the recipe called for.I always butter the top when it comes out of the oven never cover it though.do you think I should let it cool longer?
Ah, there's part of the problem: the AP flour. Bread flour has a protein content of 12 - 12.5 %, while that of AP flour is in the 10% range, a significant difference. A pet peeve of mine is when recipes written for home bakers specify X amount of bread flour OR AP flour, as of they're interchangeable. They're not. Go with all bread flour. And do read the information about windowpaning (http://thesolitarycook...). It's an easy little technique, and the only sure way to know if you've kneaded any bread dough long enough.
also..I let it rise in oven with light on and covered with damp kitchen cloth.and I do not cut the top loaf before baking.
Well...there you go :) let it cool completely before storing it, and there's no need for the damp cloth during proofing. What always works for me is some plastic bag. Try it and see how it goes!
Lindsay-Jean is a Contributing Writer & Editor at Food52.
Jim Lahey emailed in the following thoughts: "the error may be the result of the dough (it is wet) adhering to either the cloth covering it and or if they are inverting the dough, whereby the surface of the cloth during its removal causes a rupture of alveoli to make a big ass bubble. A photo plus more specifics about how they transferred the dough from proofing to the baking surface would be helpful."
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