3 Tips for Smoother, More Velvety Frozen Desserts & Mousses

July 13, 2015

Every week, baking expert Alice Medrich will be going rogue on Food52—with shortcuts, hacks, and game-changing recipes.

Today: There is a time and a place for seriously under-whipped whipped cream, and that time and place is called semifreddo.

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The word “semifreddo” is Italian for half frozen—which I suppose most dessert fans know by now. The dessert so named falls between ice cream and mousse: It starts with custard (crème anglaise), as does ice cream, but has whipped cream folded in, like mousse.

Instead of getting churned, the mixture is poured into a mold and frozen, then unmolded and sliced. This one is rich and chocolaty. Serve it simply with a spoonful of whipped cream, or gussy it up further with a sprinkling of chopped caramelized nuts or crushed toffee

This recipe comes with a bonus lesson about texture that may be an “a-ha!” moment for some cooks because it also applies to other desserts (such as mousses or Bavarian creams) that involve folding whipped cream into another mixture. Following three seemingly odd instructions will ensure that your semifreddo and other whipped desserts are smooth and creamy instead of grainy: 

  1. The cream must be seriously under-whipped—just until thickened and barely beginning to hold a shape.
  2. The cream must be folded quickly into the base (but not vice versa!) and folded only enough to blend the mixtures evenly—no extra strokes. 
  3. The whole business should be scraped immediately—without delay—into the mold that you will have prepared in the first step.

When you tilt a bowl of underwhipped cream, the cream should flow to one side—fluffy but still pourable and not at all stiff. 

Why must you skimp on whipping, fold quickly, and rush to get it all into the mold? 

Most people know that over-beating whipped cream can make it grainy (from tiny bits of butter). What most people don’t know is that folding whipped cream into another mixture has the same effect of extra beating. Even if you start with perfect whipped cream (by ordinary standards), by the time you’ve folded it into, let’s say, a lemon mousse, it may be over-whipped enough to make your mousse grainy once it’s chilled. Worse still, the stiffer the cream is to begin with, the harder it is to fold, the more you have to fold, the more over-whipped it gets…you get the picture.

For all these reasons, whipped cream for folding should always be at least somewhat under-whipped. But, when chocolate is involved, “somewhat” under whipped is just not good enough!  

When whipped cream must be folded into a rich chocolaty mixture, it should be seriously under-whipped. This is because the cold cream makes the chocolate mixture thicken very quickly, which makes the cream harder to fold in, which causes more folding, more over-whipping, and more thickening.

The whole mixture may actually start to set before you get it completely folded or into the mold. (Has anyone been there?) Once this happens, any further handling—including scraping the mixture into the mold—will further destroy the creamy texture and reduce the volume of the dessert, as well. Serious under-whipping makes it possible to fold in the cream more quickly and easily, which results in a cold or frozen dessert with a creamy smooth texture. 

Bittersweet Chocolate Semifreddo

Serves 12 to 14

10 ounces (285 grams) 70% or 72% chocolate, chopped medium-fine
1 cup whole milk
5 large egg yolks, at room temperature
1/2 cup (100 grams) sugar
Scant 1/8 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 cups heavy whipping cream

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

First and last photo by James Ransom; all others by Bobbi Lin

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

My career was sparked by a single bite of a chocolate truffle, made by my Paris landlady in 1972. I returned home to open this country’s first chocolate bakery and dessert shop, Cocolat, and I am often “blamed” for introducing chocolate truffles to America. Today I am the James Beard Foundation and IACP award-winning author of ten cookbooks, teach a chocolate dessert class on, and work with some of the world’s best chocolate companies. In 2018, I won the IACP Award for Best Food-Focused Column (this one!).

1 Comment

AntoniaJames July 13, 2015
So helpful! Thank you, thank you, thank you. ;o)