Can You Leave the Oven Door Closed While Broiling?

February 27, 2016

The broiler door is quite the source of controversy, at least over on our throwback Hotline discussion and on this Reddit thread. When broiling, do you leave the oven door or closed? Which is safer? More effective? And why?

The most common reason people leave the broiler door open isn't very scientific, but powerful nonetheless: "That's the way my mother did it."

It turns out, your mother may have been right, but you may now be wrong.

Back in the day (most commenters say about 20 to 30 years ago), overheating ovens were a real concern. In some cases, the hot ovens were a fire risk; in others, the oven would automatically shut off when they got too hot, interrupting the broiling process. Leaving the oven door ajar allowed enough air to cycle in without dramatically reducing the temperature—so the broiler remained on, without the risk of smoking or or overheating.

Shop the Story

Logical as that sounds, broiling (and overheating) actually play out differently in different ovens, depending on the year, brand, and type (electric, gas, free-standing, slide-in, etc.). Many modern ovens have certain features that prevent overheating, smoking, or inconsistent temperatures. For example, I checked a gas Viking oven manual, which specifically advised:

"Close the door... A built-in smoke "eliminator" in the top of the oven helps reduce smoke and odors."

Food52er mainecook61 checked her new GE oven's manual, too, which she says was "clear about broiling with the oven door closed. I have to remind myself, because my former (old) oven required an open door." Inpatskitchen says that her broiler flame actually goes out if the door is left open for 30 seconds or so.

As a rule, gas ovens advise closing the door while broiling, while electric suggest to leave ajar. But there are many exceptions—Eric says the digital display on his his GE electric oven quite literally orders him to "CLOSE DOOR" before the broiler turns on.

Given the extent of variables when it comes to ovens, the best advice is to check your manual. You may feel like you're overruling your mother, but you can assure her that, circa 1970, she was probably right.

If you don't have your manual handy, follow susan g's lead and look for context clues. "My mother's oven was built so that the oven door had a point where it was meant to stay open," she says. "My oven door won't stay open unless I hold it—so they have made their intentions clear."

What's your oven door position of choice? Have you ever checked your manual? Let us know your thoughts and findings!

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • bebita10
  • 702551
Annie Crabill

Written by: Annie Crabill


bebita10 May 2, 2020
My manual (GE Adora) for my electric stove/oven says to keep the door open, which I had never heard of before and was confused, so I googled and came to this page. It made perfect sense to my husband who managed restaurant kitchens for many years. I thought he would think it was weird when he walked in the kitchen and the oven door was partly open, but he didn't blink. And yes, my oven has a position in which it can stay a few inches open. That's good advice for how to judge it.
702551 February 27, 2016
It's really just common sense, not a controversial topic at all. If the door is meant to be slightly ajar for broiling, it will be designed that way.

In some of the previous places I've lived, the oven door had a detent that kept the door ajar a few inches (like susan g's mother's oven). Broiling with those ovens, I kept the door at that setting.

In other places where the ovens did not have that detent, I kept the door closed.

In the place I live today, the owner's manuals for both my regular oven and my toaster oven say to keep the door closed with broiling. And guess what? The doors aren't designed to stay slightly ajar.