The Best Salt Substitutes, According to a Food Scientist

The trick might be hiding in your crisper drawer.

October 14, 2021
Photo by Julia Gartland

If you’re looking for a salt substitute, it’s most likely because a doctor or nutritionist has advised you to cut back on your sodium intake. In other cases, it might just be because you ran out of salt, but that’s certainly a less likely scenario. Either way, there are plenty of ways to substitute salt without sacrificing flavor. "Just like sugar, we can increase our sensitivity to salt by decreasing the amount we consume over time,” says food scientist and blogger Nik Sharma.

Consider the Sodium In Your Diet

According to the American Heart Association, most adults should have no more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day and, ideally, move toward a limit of no more than 1,500 milligrams per day. However, this recommendation is still 1,000 milligrams less than what most Americans actually consume. The AHA estimates that the typical American adult eats more than 3,400 milligrams of sodium each day, which could lead to high blood pressure and heart disease.

And to clarify, one teaspoon of table salt contains 2,325 milligrams of sodium, which will automatically push you over the AHA’s recommended intake.

If you want to cut back on your sodium intake or simply find a flavorful salt alternative, consider these alternatives and ingredient substitutions:

Don’t Salt As You Cook

One easy way to cut back on the amount of salt in your food is to avoid salting as you cook, says Sharma. Although many cooks might disagree, as salting as you go slowly brings out the flavor of all of the food during the cooking process, Sharma believes that plenty of ingredients like soy sauce (buy a low-sodium version if you’re reducing salt for nutritional reasons), capers, anchovies, and miso are naturally salty and don’t need more salt added.

He also recommends ignoring the rule of adding salt to water for pasta or most vegetables. “The only time I’ll add salt to water is if it will affect the texture of the food, such as if I’m making a pot of beans or potatoes,” he says. “I know the presence of salt will make the beans softer and creamier.”

Morton Salt Substitute

This sodium-free salt substitute is ideal for anyone who is on a low-sodium diet. Its main ingredient is potassium chloride, which is generally used as a medical mineral supplement to lower sodium levels in adults. However, know that if you use potassium chloride salt substitutes, your food will likely taste more mineral-y. “People notice metallic and bitter aftertastes and it can be hard to mask it,” says Sharma.


“One of the easiest ways to cut back on the amount of salt in your food is to add more acid,” says Sharma. “These two types of flavors interact with each other.” If you add acid, such as lemon juice or vinegar, at the end of the cooking process, you’ll likely need less salt. The only time Sharma would advise against this practice is if you suffer from acid reflux.

Sea Salt

Unlike kosher salt or table salt, coarse sea salt and rock salt contain more flavorful minerals, so you may need to use less of them to achieve a desirable salty taste. Try this for salting water for potatoes, which are one of the few vegetables where the texture benefits from salted water (like beans), or using it as a finishing salt on roasted potatoes.

Low-Sodium Soy Sauce

If you want to cut back on your sodium intake and increase your sensitivity for salty flavors, replace regular soy sauce with low-sodium soy sauce, which generally has about 40 percent less sodium per serving. This isn’t the best choice for someone who needs to drastically reduce their sodium intake per doctor’s orders, but it will help cut back on an individual’s consumption.

From the Sea

“Anything that comes from the ocean, like seaweed or dried anchovies, will taste salty without drastically increasing your sodium intake,” says Sharma. Add anchovies to marinara sauce to round out the flavor with umami and salt or crumble dried seaweed on top of a salad.


Make an umami-rich stock using mushrooms (Sharma like shiitake mushrooms) and use that in place of a pre-salted packaged chicken or vegetable broth. The umami notes will pack in so much flavor and richness that you’ll need far less salt for soup, pot pies, or any other recipe that starts with a stock base.

Pickled Fruits & Vegetables

Depending on the recipe, adding pickled or preserved produce like preserved lemons or olive brine will build flavor and may require less additional salt for a balanced, flavorful dish. This is a great substitute if you find yourself without salt, but pickled and preserved ingredients are typically heavily salted. If you run out of salt, make a salad dressing using the juice from preserved lemons.

Herbs & Spices

On the whole, using a more complex combination of herbs and spices, or a seasoning blend, will add a more complex blend of flavors and therefore could reduce the need for additional salt. This trick works across the board, from seasoning meat and fish to pasta sauces and casseroles.

What is your go-to salt substitute? Share your advice in the comments below!

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • DrFraser
  • ustabahippie
  • patricia gadsby
    patricia gadsby
  • Michelle Adele Kenyon
    Michelle Adele Kenyon
  • batsheva
Former Food52 Staff Editor


DrFraser January 1, 2023
Your recommendations re anchovies, etc. are dangerous. Sodium is Sodium. Capers, Pickles, etc. are high sodium dangers to many patients. You need to be more thorough.
Sheron A. January 2, 2024
I agree.
Thanks for your effort but this article lacks serious depth and limited suggestions.
ustabahippie October 22, 2021
I have been told to add salt to beans only at the end of cooking as adding it at the beginning keeps the beans from softening. Which is correct?
mary March 28, 2022
"Beans need salt. There is a myth that adding salt to beans keeps them crunchy and unlovable. Not cooking beans for long enough keeps them crunchy, and undersalting them is a leading culprit in their being unlovable." - Tamer Alder
You can also read more about the science here:
patricia G. October 21, 2021
Far from ideal, potassium chloride salt substitutes taste horribly metallic to me. I'd rather not salt during cooking and add salt -- just enough to understudy the other flavors in the dish--as the dish is close to done.
ustabahippie October 22, 2021
And not recommended as salt sub for kidney patients.
Michelle A. October 18, 2021
Due to high blood pressure I follow a low sodium diet. I don’t add salt to my home cooked food (you can’t avoid it in restaurants or at friends houses, but I balance that out by eating low sodium the rest of the time). I use lots of mushroom broths, and also always have dried mushrooms on hand to add to things for umami.

I also use coconut aminos instead of soy sauce (it tastes sweeter, but after the first few times you get used to that), and when making a fish-sauce based dressing or dipping sauce I use half the fish-sauce, and top up with coconut aminos and lemon juice (as well as the usual ginger, shallot and 🌶) . To me it tastes just as good as the regular kind.
batsheva October 15, 2021
NB: people with kidney issues (esp CKD) should beware using salt substitutes that replace sodium with potassium chloride; this can drastically increase the potassium content of your diet and cause or exacerbate kidney injury!