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Edna Lewis & Scott Peacock's Shrimp Grits

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Every week, FOOD52's Senior Editor Kristen Miglore is unearthing recipes that are nothing short of genius.

Today: Shrimp and grits get to know each other better.

shrimp & grits

- Kristen

We outsiders must be told that shrimp and grits are an iconic partnership, a daily breakfast, and a soul-feeding staple.

We take the insiders' word for it, we politely taste, and even like it -- but we don't innately understand why these two ingredients were born for each other, why there would be a whole cookbook written about their union, why the 1980s saw every nouveau Southern chef reimagining them as truffled shrimp with grits soufflé and the like.


Like peanut butter and jelly or radishes and butter, to the uninitiated, shrimp and grits might as well have been matched up at random -- a lucky blind date.

Whether they were destined or not, the two came together in a particular place and time: here, it was coastal areas of the American South with ready access to fresh shrimp and cheap corn grits. To those who live there, it's a perfect dish that couldn't make more sense, or taste more like home.

The same could be said of the pair who created this genius version of the dish. Edna Lewis and Scott Peacock met in 1988 when she was 73 and he was 26.

the gift of southern cooking

Both were talented chefs with the preservation of Southern foodways at heart -- they became best friends and cooking partners, wrote a cookbook together in 2003, and lived together for the last six years of her life. Writers named them the "Odd Couple of Southern Cooking", but to anyone who met them or tasted their food, there was nothing odd about them at all.

Like many of the recipes in their book, this one is a little bit him and a little bit her -- and that much better because of it. The method of cooking the grits is the one Peacock grew up with in Alabama, but of the shrimp paste, Peacock says, "I did not know such a thing existed until I met her."

grits  shrimp

The first time he remembers making this dish with her was for her 75th birthday party in Seaside, Florida. At the time they were serving it in tiny portions for the cocktail party, with a pretty dollop of shrimp paste hovering on top of the creamy grits, a refined presentation of the Low Country specialty that Lewis had learned while cooking at Middleton Place outside of Charleston.

Over the years as they cooked together, however, the recipe evolved. They realized that the shrimp paste and grits, when stirred together completely (yes, more than we stirred in the photos) and left to rest for a few minutes, became something even more beguiling.

"Just give them a moment to get to know each other," Peacock explained to me over the phone. "You don't want them to be strangers." On his menus at first Horseradish Grill in Atlanta and later Watershed in Decatur, Peacock called them just "Shrimp Grits". The "and" is gone, and so is any sense of distance between the two fateful ingredients.

grits  grits

At Watershed, they served it as a starter with a long plank of buttered Pullman toast. Peacock loved that people began their meal by literally breaking bread and spooning up shrimp grits. The servers were trained to warn customers that the dish might not be what they were expecting. Rarely, a customer would reject the dish for philosophical reasons, and they'd dutifully take it back and feed it to someone in the kitchen.

But Peacock asserts, despite its controversial form, "It was the absolute, number one biggest selling thing on that menu, period," and stayed on the menu after he left the restaurant in 2010 to work on The Alabama Project, a documentary on food as a vessel for memory for the elderly residents of Alabama (50 interviews down, 50 to go -- learn more in this Splendid Table segment). 

shrimp   shrimp paste

You might wonder why you'd want to take precious little shrimp and clobber them in a food processor, turning them into an unidentifiable pink paste. But they're swirled with the buttery drippings from the pan, which have been deglazed with lemon, sherry, and cayenne, then whipped up with more butter still.

It makes a lovely spread for crackers and all-purpose flavor enhancer (just imagine folding it into risotto, saucing fish, or filling tea sandwiches with it). It's really good.

shrimp paste

But most importantly, stirred through the creamy grits, the shrimp paste goes further than a few handsome prawns piled on top ever could, pervading every spoonful with the pure essence of shrimp at its best and most seductive.

The shrimp paste may have come from Miss Lewis (as Peacock still calls her), but the Shrimp Grits are theirs -- a product of their not-so-odd, but oddly perfect friendship.

shrimp grits

Edna Lewis & Scott Peacock's Shrimp Grits

Adapted very slightly from The Gift of Southern Cooking (Knopf, 2003)

Serves 6

For the shrimp paste:

2 sticks (1 cup) unsalted butter
1 pound fresh shrimp, peeled and deveined (Scott Peacock likes small, sweet ones like gulf shrimp, but get whatever is freshest)
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/4 cup sherry
2 tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice
1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper

For the grits:

2 cups water
2 cups milk, or more
1 cup stone-ground or regular grits
Kosher salt
1/4 cup heavy cream
2 tablespoons unsalted butter

See a slideshow and the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Got a genius recipe to share -- from a classic cookbook, an online source, or anywhere, really? Please send it my way (and tell me what's so smart about it) at [email protected].

Photos by James Ransom

Tags: Shrimp, Long Reads, Editors' Picks, Genius Recipes, Comfort Food, Genius