How-To & Diy

How to Make Bagels at Home

July 12, 2013

It's always more fun to DIY. Every week, we'll spare you a trip to the grocery store and show you how to make small batches of great foods at home.

Today: Making your own bagels takes some time, but it's easy once you get over your fears. Thankfully, Kenzi holds our hand throughout the whole process, with a recipe and step-by-step instructions.

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The only thing you can do to mess up making your own bagels is to make them, say, square.   

This is a promise -- the secret to good bagels is that there really is no secret, other than you don't have to be anywhere near New York City to have perfectly chewy, fresh bagels for breakfast this Sunday morning. 

More things that aren't true: that it's the New York water that makes them what they are, that you'll kill the dough by squeezing, forcing it into a bagel shape, that they're too high-maintenance and you'll go running (screaming) back to the grocery store standard. 

Please don't do that. If you've ever mixed and kneaded any other dough, this will be a breeze. Let's do it together.  


Makes 6 to 8 bagels 

3 1/2 cups (1 pound) unbleached flour (see note below)
3 teaspoons coarse kosher salt, divided
3/4 teaspoon instant yeast
1 tablespoon honey (see note below)
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons room temperature or slightly warm water
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 egg white, optional

Note: This recipe is adapted from one by the bread man himself, Peter Reinhart. (Why mess with a good thing?) I use all-purpose flour, but you can swap any amount of it with whole grain flour (like rye or wheat) for a different flavor. Reinhart also uses barley malt syrup, as do most serious bagel people, but honey works just as well. Shall we, then? 

Mix the flour, 2 teaspoons of the salt, the yeast, honey, and the water until everything begins to form into dough. You can use a mixer if you like, but it's simpler by hand. It'll be a stiff dough, as there's not much water, but this makes it sturdy enough to withstand a dunk in boiling water later. Feel free to add a bit more water if necessary, but you shouldn't need much. 

Let the dough rest for 5 minutes while you find a place in your tiny apartment on which to knead. 

Knead on a floured surface for about 3 minutes -- the dough will get smooth, a little tacky. 

Now put your lovely little dough ball into an oiled boil, cover it with plastic wrap, and let it hang in the fridge for a few hours, or at least an hour. (I've left it for both 45 minutes and 4 hours, and both batches turned out fine.)

When you're ready to shape the bagels, line a baking sheet with lightly greased parchment paper. Then remove the dough from the fridge, and cut it  into 6 or 8 pieces, depending on how large or small you'd like your bagels to be. (I find that 6 pieces yields my kind of bagel: not puny.) Form each piece into a ball, and then each ball into a 10-inch log, with tapered ends. (Don't use any flour on your surface! You'll need the dough to stick just slightly in order for it to change shape.)  

To shape the bagels, place one end of one dough log in between your thumb and forefinger, and then wrap it around the rest of your fingers -- the dough ends should overlap by an inch or two -- and squeeze it slightly to bind it together. Once you do this, you can also roll the ends together on a surface to enhance the seal. Extra security is never a bad thing.  

Repeat for all of the bagels, then lightly oil them and cover with plastic wrap. Put them in the fridge to proof overnight. Invite guests over for brunch. 

About an hour an a half before you want to bake them, pull the bagels out of the fridge to come to room temperature, and fill a large pot (I use a Dutch oven) with at least 4 inches of water. Cover and bring it to a boil. When it boils, add 1 teaspoon of salt and the baking soda, then turn it down to a simmer. 

Crank the oven to 500° F.  

Now test the bagels by using the float test: fill a bowl with cold water, and place one bagel in it. If it floats, they're all ready to go. If not, you haven't failed: just return it to the baking sheet and let proof for 15 to 20 minutes more, then do the test again.

Onto the boil. If you do not do this, in the opinion of many, what you're making is not a bagel -- it's a round roll with an unexplained hole. So never skip this step.

Working in batches that will fit in your pot, carefully drop each bagel into the simmering water, let poach for 1 minute, and flip with a slotted spoon or a spider. Poach 30 seconds more, and then return each bagel to the baking sheet. 

(Science nerds, take heed: this step "sets the crust," meaning it will be chewier, and it won't expand as much during the bake.)

And, the fun part: sprinkle your bagels with whatever topping you want. To help your toppings stick, use an egg white wash, but the residual water from the poach should do the trick, too. Seeds are great, as is big flake or rock salt. Give every bagel a different topping if you want, just don't leave them plain. Who wants a plain bagel? (Really though, get out.) 

You're so close: slip them in the oven and reduce the heat to 450° F. Bake for 8 minutes, rotate the sheet, and bake 8 to 12 minutes more, until the bagels are golden brown. Feel free to check the bottom of the bagels as they cook -- if they're getting too brown, just stick another baking sheet underneath them (a baking stone works, too). 

Pull them from the oven, and wait an excruciating 30 minutes before you eat them. 

Now off with you -- go make bagels and take Reinhart's baker's blessing with you, modified just slightly for bagel-making: may your crust be chewy, and your bread always rise.

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Photos by Eric Moran

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • kate rocio
    kate rocio
  • D
  • Jade Ione Lounds
    Jade Ione Lounds
  • Alex
  • Loke Yin Ling
    Loke Yin Ling
Kenzi Wilbur

Written by: Kenzi Wilbur

I have a thing for most foods topped with a fried egg, a strange disdain for overly soupy tomato sauce, and I can never make it home without ripping off the end of a newly-bought baguette. I like spoons very much.


kate R. December 30, 2017
A question. I didnt own an oven but a toaster. What if i toast them after boiling in order to 'bake' them instead?
D August 12, 2017
Can't understand how you put up with 1 sided bagels. Mo Boulder
Jade I. December 16, 2016
These were absolutely delicious! I made them for my mom for her birthday, and they were gobbled up in moments. Also, my bagels never floated in the water, but I tried forging ahead with the recipe anyways. They turned out excellent regardless. Very happy with this fairly fool-proof recipe.
Alex November 3, 2015
Very novice baker here--interested in trying this recipe, but have to ask, what is an oiled boil? "Now put your lovely little dough ball into an oiled boil, cover it with plastic wrap, and let it hang in the fridge..." It's the only part of the recipe that wasn't clear to me. Hoping for a good weekend day coming up when I can try this!
Samantha A. November 3, 2015
Oiled Bowl.
Loke Y. October 27, 2013
Hi there. Just tried making these today and I'm not quite sure where I went wrong. The crust is really hard and quite hard to chew on them. The inside looks uncooked a bit and the smell of flour is pretty strong. Would love to get your feedback. Thanks!
april October 19, 2013
These were a hit at the breakfast table - made sandwiches w/ scrambled egg, avo, & cheddar. Thanks for the wonderful recipe!
Katie October 17, 2013
I just made these surprisingly simple bagels and loved them. Delicious!
Susana P. September 18, 2013
i made them twice, and I loved them!
GraceT September 5, 2013
How strange that you say that you don't bake bagels. One of my best girlfriend's grandfather was a baker in NYC for more than 40 years making bagels. After he boiled them he would bake them to brown them. I sure would hate to be the one to tell him that he grew up making bagels wrong when his family had a successful bakery.
Use L. September 5, 2013
These are not real bagels.
Use L. September 5, 2013
You don't bake bagels. A baked bagel is not a real bagel and definitely does NOT taste like a real bagel. This is bread with a whole in it, not a bagel.
JB September 5, 2013
So what's the way to do it then? I'd really like to know as I'm a big fan of bagels but can't get any good ones in my part of town!
LauriL September 5, 2013
Bread with a hole?
Franziska September 6, 2013
Yes, Bagels are baked. After you boiled them.
If you were to just boil them they would be similar to a Boehmische Knoedel, which is yeast dough boiled in water until it is cooked through.
The only thing that is not quite 'real' about this recipe is the substitution of honey for malt extract which makes the recipe much more approachable but could be easily adapted.
Generally speaking though, isn't the joy of cooking and baking that you adapt recipes, old staples get developed further and you can just make things however you like them!
A lot of recipes develop further when people migrate to other countries for example. Take the 'German Chocolate Cake' that I come across in the US frequently. Not how we eat chocolate cake at all here in Germany, but nevertheless very tasty! Or take American made Gouda cheese, tastes quite different to the Dutch original, but hey, tasty cheese, so who cares!
No need to call the recipe police over it! :)
Kenzi W. September 6, 2013
Very well put, Franziska. Thanks for weighing in!
Baketress September 6, 2013
Franziska, German chocolate cake is called liked that not because it came from Germany but because the last name of American baker who created it was German!

Franziska September 6, 2013
Interesting to know Baketress!
Franziska September 1, 2013
These are the best homemade bagels ever! And dare I say, the best bagels I have eaten outside of NYC, or at least this side of the Atlantic. I made plain (yes, yes I know, boring... but oh so yummy) and Za'atar Bagels. Both were amazing. Thanks for the fantastic recipe!
Kenzi W. September 1, 2013
So happy to hear this!
Franziska September 1, 2013
Amazing recipe Kenzi! I had come across the Peter Reinhart recipe before but never attempted it because high gluten flour and barley malt is virtually impossible to buy here, at least not on a university student's budget.
I am so glad I have a go-to bagel recipe now! You can see how wonderful they turned out here:
Kenzi W. September 1, 2013
They look totally beautiful.
Franziska September 2, 2013
Thank you :)
Franziska August 31, 2013
I've just started making these, and was wondering if anyone has ever attempted to freeze these at any stage of the preparation process. I was contemplating to freeze a couple before the boiling stage. Or has anyone attempted to freeze them once baked?
Would appreciate any help!
breadwhisperer August 31, 2013
I pretty much ALWAYS freeze my homemade bagels - after so much loving preparation, I don't want even a single one to go to waste! :) I bake them, cool them, slice in half and put in freezer bags. (Don't forget to slice before freezing.) Just pop the frozen halves in the toaster and enjoy. (Most store-bought bagels taste better this way too!)
Franziska August 31, 2013
Thanks for the quick reply breadwhisperer! I have just 'put them to bed' in the fridge and can't wait to bake and freeze (some) tomorrow! Greetings from Germany!
Fozzable August 3, 2013
ha! and a third thing. 30 minutes after coming out is WAY too long. in our cool Bay Area climate the bagels were cold after 30 minutes. 15 minutes sets them and cools them down but they're still warm!
Fozzable August 3, 2013
and one more thing: I did not have rapid rise yeast the first time, so I used a common substitution table to use the regular yeast I did have. I found the bagels a touch soft, but otherwise fine.
Fozzable August 3, 2013
I've now made this recipe twice. thank you for it, it tastes great! I have a few learnings that might be good to add to the recipe.

1. Please mention the best water temperature. Room temperature to me is 72 degrees, and I discovered that the yeast would not rise with water at that temperature.
2. If for some reason you wake up in the morning and the dough has not risen, you can proof it in the oven like this: a) set oven to 200, but turn it off after 10 minutes. Put bagels in the oven for 15 mins, check if they float.
3. You can make garlic bagels by mincing garlic and putting on top. Note that a garlic press makes a strange paste that just doesn't cook up right. a little olive oil can coat the garlic and help it stick or if you're a purist just leave it on and let it toast right up.
4. Please include the instructions on how to make egg bagels.
5. you can buy barley malt syrup online, or at your local health food store. I discovered that barley malt syrup is also used in the popular "make your own granola bar" recipes, so it was a good investment.
Moishe July 17, 2013
Authentic Montreal bagels are excellent, baked in a wood-burning oven.many people prefer them to New York bagels.
I believe the bagel is poached in honeyed hot water before it is baked.
Kathi July 16, 2013
My husband is on a low salt diet but loves bread of all kinds. Would it work to cut the salt in the dough by half? I find it works in most bread recipes.
GraceT October 28, 2013
Kathi, I just saw your question. Yes, you can cut the salt in half. Since you've done it in other breads you are aware that there will be a chang
GraceT October 28, 2013
Sorry Kathi, my computer has developed a mind of it's own. There will be a slight change in taste, but it won't be a bad taste, just a little blander. Usually there is no need to reduce the salt in bread recipes unless he eats a lot of bread, but if you wish to do this, it is ok.
Sophia H. July 15, 2013
So, I made these over the weekend, they were easy and very nice, but, they are just rolls, not bagels, not even pretzel like. Next time I will use the recipe I have forgone since it has the malt extract. I will just pay for shipping and store it in my freezer. They are very nice rolls though, delicious, but not bagels.
Cara July 15, 2013
I finished baking these this morning. I will never eat store bought bagels ever again now that I have this recipe! It is incredibly easy and uses ingredients I already have in my kitchen. Thank you so much for posting this!
Kenzi W. July 15, 2013
This makes me so happy. Onward, homemade bagel revolution!
Lee H. July 15, 2013
Do you need to, and if so, how would you adjust this recipe for high-altitude cooking?
Kenzi W. July 15, 2013
Altitude can often affect your baking time, flour and liquid amounts, and oven temperature, so I would think yes. But though I lived in Colorado for a year, I don't know the exact modifications! King Arthur may be a good reference. Be sure to let us know what worked, so other mountain-dwellers can learn from you. :)