Alice Medrich's Guide to Freezing Baked Goods

June 16, 2014

Every week, baking expert Alice Medrich will be going rogue on Food52 -- with shortcuts, hacks, and game-changing recipes.

Today: Alice explains proper freezing technique, so you can save that cookie dough or those extra muffins for (much) later.

Carrot Muffins on Food52

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Whenever possible, I like to freeze items unbaked so I can serve them freshly baked! And, if they are cookies, muffins, or biscuits, I can bake as few or as many as I need.

When I do freeze items that are already baked, I usually freeze them without filling or frosting: Naked cake layers (for example) can be wrapped very closely -- to keep out as much air as possible -- and then bagged without messing up the frosting; a cake or cupcake will have a fresher taste, and probably look better too, if it is finished after thawing rather than before freezing. But, when cakes must be frozen finished, slow defrosting produces the best looking results.

Banana Cake with Penuche Frosting on Food52

Good wrapping and smart thawing are important regardless. Here's how to wrap, freeze, and thaw baked goods, doughs, and batters right.

Make sure the item is fully cool -- not the least bit warm -- before wrapping. Use airtight freezer bags, press as much air as possible out of them, and consider slipping them into yet another bag or airtight plastic container. Or use vacuum-sealed bags. Obsessive? Yes, but it helps prevent that telltale freezer flavor.

Thawing Baked Goods
Unbaked items can usually be baked right from the freezer, without thawing (more on that below). But already baked items should be thawed without unwrapping, even if it means taking a few frozen muffins or cookies from a bag in the freezer and transferring them to another bag for thawing. Crazy, I know, but moisture forms on the surface of any items you unwrap before thawing.

Cookie Dough on Food52

Shortbread and Butter Cookies
For slice-and-bake cookies (like these or these): Shape the dough into a log as usual, wrap it well, and put it into a freezer bag. Thaw it in the fridge, still in the bag. Let the dough warm up at room temperature for a few minutes until it's pliable enough to slice without cracking. Slice and bake as usual.

For cut-out cookies (like these): Shape the dough into flat patties. Wrap the patties well in plastic and slip them into an airtight freezer bag. Thaw the dough in the fridge, still in the bag, for several hours, then let it set at room temperature until pliable enough to roll and cut.

Chocolate Chip, Oatmeal, Ginger, and Molasses Cookies
Place scooped portions of dough close, but not touching, on a lined cookie sheet. Cover the scoops with plastic wrap and freeze until hard, then transfer them to an airtight freezer bag. Bake them without thawing, a couple minutes longer than usual. (Or, you can freeze baked cookies; thaw them at room temperature in a bag.)

Almond Scones on Food52

Biscuits and Scones
Mix and cut biscuits as usual. Place them close, but not touching, on a lined cookie sheet. Cover them with plastic wrap and freeze until hard, then transfer them to a freezer bag. Bake as many as you want, directly from the freezer; they will take up to 5 minutes longer in the oven. Turn the oven off for the last 5 minutes if they are getting too brown. (Or, you can freeze baked biscuits or scones, then thaw them at room temperature in a bag, and reheat them before serving if you like.)

More: Discover recipes for muffins and breads that freeze well.

Cupcakes, Muffins, and Brownies
Bake and cool these completely. Freeze them (preferably unfrosted) in a freezer bag. Thaw them in the bag at room temperature; if you're thawing only a few, transfer them to another bag to thaw. Muffins may be reheated to serve warm.

Some muffin batters can be frozen before baking. The next time you bake any muffin batter, test it out by freezing one portion of batter in a paper liner. Bake the test muffin directly from the freezer -- a few minutes longer than called for, as necessary. Brownie batter can also be frozen in the baking pan (a foil one works for this, sealed in a freezer bag. Thaw it in the fridge without unwrapping. Bake it as usual, but a few minutes longer. Brownies baked this way will be slightly denser and extra fudgy.

Alice's Best Cocoa Brownies on FOod52

Cake Layers
Bake the layers and cool them completely. Wrap them in plastic wrap and put them into a freezer bag. Thaw them in the bag, at room temperature. Fill and frost them as usual.

Frosted or Glazed Cakes
Freeze in an airtight plastic cake container. To minimize the formation of condensation on the frosting or glaze, thaw the cake in the container in the fridge (even if it's meant to be served at room temperature) for several hours or overnight. You can then let the cake come to room temperature (after thawing in the fridge) on the counter, still in the container, for another few hours.

More: Get Alice's 8 rules for altering baking recipes.

Alice's new book Seriously Bitter Sweet is a complete revision of her IACP award-winning Bittersweet, updated for the 54%, 61%, and 72% (and beyond) bars available today. It's packed with tricks, techniques, and answers to every chocolate question, plus 150 seriously delicious recipes -- both savory and sweet. 



Photos by James Ransom

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Joann Woodward
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  • Tracy watkins
    Tracy watkins
My career was sparked by a single bite of a chocolate truffle, made by my Paris landlady in 1972. I returned home to open this country’s first chocolate bakery and dessert shop, Cocolat, and I am often “blamed” for introducing chocolate truffles to America. Today I am the James Beard Foundation and IACP award-winning author of ten cookbooks, teach a chocolate dessert class on, and work with some of the world’s best chocolate companies. In 2018, I won the IACP Award for Best Food-Focused Column (this one!).


Joann W. August 21, 2017
What about freezing yeast baked goods?
Fnu L. July 9, 2016
If you freeze home made chocolate chip cookies, try eating them frozen right out of the freezer. Frozen chocolate chip cookies taste great. I love them that way.
Suzanne November 29, 2015
Can cream puffs be frozen after filling? I want to use several different fillings and make a batch each day until I have about 60. My email address is.
Monika July 14, 2015
Cake batter freezes wonderfully. Next time you want to make a marbled cake freeze the left over batters in air-tight containers. Thaws in a very short time and can be used for another marble cake or cupcakes. Learned from my cake decorating instructor.
Tracy W. January 3, 2015
Thanks for affirming what I've heard about freezing baked goods. Freezing cookie dough always allows me to bake a few dozen at a time so the rest of the batch can be saved for later. How do you recommend freezing cookies that have been baked.
Food O. July 8, 2014
I wrapped in wax paper, alumni foil and zip lock, and froze a glazed lemon loaf cake. Should I thaw in fridge in wrappings?
Cassandra B. June 24, 2014
I don't use plastic anymore, but I've had good luck wrapping first in waxed paper then in foil.
Cindy A. June 16, 2014
I've been freezing unbaked cookies successfully, but never thought about freezing muffin batter or unbaked brownies. I'll be trying them next!