Bread

The "Babka" You've Seen Everywhere Isn't Really Babka After All

February 17, 2017

The babka I grew up with was bad. It was dry and crumbly and full of trans fat. It came from a grocery store in the same suburban strip mall as my orthodontist Dr. Diamond's office and, in our household, counted only my parents as fans. I never would've dreamt of sharing a photo of it—all stale and nubby next to the bagels on the top shelf our fridge—on Instagram.

Is it too early to declare 2017 the year of the babka? #fwx via @joyosity

A photo posted by FWx (@fwx) on

Today's babkas, however, are runway models and pageview guarantors. They're one part buttery dough, one part chocolate chunks, and one part air. They're twisted, striated, and marbled; streusel-topped, syrup-soaked, and ice cream sandwich'd. They're plastered all over the Internet, the starlets of Smitten Kitchen (2007 and 2014), Bon Appétit (2016), Food and Wine (2016), The New York Times (2016), and our very own Food52 (also 2016).

Why aren’t there more creative takes on babka?
A real question in 2011

And they're cool. They're hip. They turn bakeries into destinations. Of the five Grub Street listed in their "Absolute Best Babka in New York" feature in May, only one is an old-school Jewish bakery; the other four are media darlings of the New York food world, very different from places like the now-defunct Lichtman's, the Upper West Side bakery founded by Hungarian emigrants where cookbook writer Rose Levy Beranbaum bought babka growing up.

In 2011, Katherine Martinelli, writing for The Forward, asked, "Why aren’t there more creative takes on babka?" Six years later, we have pizza babka, babka ice cream, and babka doughnuts and this question seems like a joke.

How did we get to a place where 2017 has been declared—unofficially and by whoever manages the FWx Instagram account, but still—"the year of the babka"? When did babka become so unrecognizably desirable? As Peter Shelsky, the co-owner of Shelsky's of Brooklyn, a delicatessen that nods to the old-school smoked fish and bagel shops of yesteryear, said recently on a panel about Jewish desserts, the babka of his childhood was always a "take it or leave it" sort of confection.

But that babka was a different animal—and, as you'll see, a different recipe—than the babka served at Shelsky's now, or the babka that's been made famous by Breads Bakery in New York City, which Shelsky concedes is even better than his own. And Breads Bakery, though not where our babka story starts, it is where the story climaxes.

Seems like we can never get enough of this beautiful babka from @breadsbakery #babka #chocolate

A photo posted by Tina Ujlaki (@tinaujlaki) on


"You Can't Beat a Babka"

Before there was Breads Bakery, there was the 1994 Seinfeld episode in which Jerry and Elaine famously derided cinnamon babka as "the lesser babka."

In The Encyclopedia of Jewish Cooking, food writer and historian Gil Marks credited the show for propelling babka to national fame, and there seems to be truth—or at least perceived truth—to this: When I asked the Jewish dessert panelists, Shelsky included, why, of all the Jewish desserts in the world, babka has seen the most attention, all four responded—and at once—with one answer: "Seinfeld." Posed the same question, Alice Medrich had the same response: "You are going to laugh... but maybe it has to do with that old Seinfeld episode?"

But over 20 years have passed since the episode aired and, as you'll have noticed from the dates of the recipes listed above, babka's ubiquity has been a recent phenomenon, with many recipes published in the past year alone. Rose Levy Beranbaum, who developed a babka for her 2014 book The Baking Bible (and is coming out with a twisted version in her next), told me that even over the past two years, babka has become "omnipresent."

The babka that is everywhere, however, is far from the babka of my Eastern European ancestors. Jewish babka as we know it originated, as Gil Marks writes, in the early 1800s, when housewives would spread extra challah dough with jam or cinnamon, roll it up, and bake it alongside the bread. “Unlike the butter-rich, non-Jewish babka, Jewish versions were usually kept parve by using oil,” which meant they were “firmer and slightly drier than brioche." What they lacked in richness they made up for “with the delightful swirls,” and the inclusion of chocolate was a mid-twentieth century American Jewish invention.

To see babka referred to as lacking in richness in the context of the specimens that drip chocolate and butter all over the internet is almost comical.

But the use of butter rather than oil was a decision that members of The Babka Renaissance (an expression I just made up) had to take seriously. Evan Bloom, who owns Wise Sons Jewish Delicatessen in San Francisco, knew that a butter-based babka would taste different than the loaves he grew up with, which were dairy-free, made with palm oil, and stored in his grandma's freezer. Their babka, which has been available at Wise Sons since it opened as a pop-up restaurant in 2011 ("we pre-date this whole babka trend," he told me), is more similar to brioche—and made with plenty of butter.

Which brings us back to Breads Bakery, founded, uncoincidentally, in 2013, right before we reached peak babka. The panelists at the Jewish dessert discussion estimated that this particular version is so irresistible and list-topping because each loaf includes two sticks of butter. While this estimate is inaccurate (there is one stick of butter per three loaves), it expresses the great compositional differences between Breads' creation and the parve door-stoppers of our forebears.

Popps Seed and White Chocolate Babka, new recipe on eatinmykitchen.com! Happy Sunday ❤

A photo posted by Meike Peters (@eatinmykitchen) on


The Viral Moment

When Breads opened in 2013, they were selling the now-famous babka, with its three signature moves—a laminated, croissant-like dough; a Nutella and chocolate chunk filling; and a sugar syrup coating (watch the process here)—within a few weeks.

It did not fly off the shelves.

"But then an amazing thing happened,” Breads owner Gadi Peleg recalled. “Through Danielle’s efforts and her ability to promote us like no one else, we were able to get [the babka] into the hands of some influencers," he told me, referring to Danielle Zaria Praport of Zaria Public Relations.

"We went with boxes full of baked goods to various important food influencers in New York and let them try some of our stuff” (Food52 included—example below).Eventually, their "stuff" ended up in the hands of someone at New York Magazine, who deemed it the best babka in the city that same debut year.

“The rest,” Peleg said, “was history.” After the New York Magazine feature, Breads went from selling a few dozen babka a day to hundreds, sometimes thousands, Uri Scheft, a partner at Breads Bakery and the owner of Lehamim bakeries in Israel, wrote to me. Peleg started to panic that there wasn’t enough Nutella on the island of Manhattan to support babka production.

To the extent that a dessert can go viral, that’s the moment it really started going viral
Gadi Peleg, Co-Owner of Breads Bakery

“From that moment on, you can really track all of those articles that have come out and all of the various things that have been inspired by that,” Peleg said. “To the extent that a dessert can go viral, that’s the moment it really started going viral.”

It helped, of course, that the age of Instagram has given visually-striking, nearly unbelievable food—from rainbow bagels to smoothie bowls to outrageous milkshakes—more traction than ever. And, as Wise Sons' bloom hypothesized, the resurgence in interest surrounding home-baking and bread-baking, specifically, has urged more people into the kitchen (and then onto social networks to share their creations).

Have you made a beautiful babka yet?


The Disputed Origin Story

It remains to be determined who exactly at Breads (and beyond) can be credited with the internet-winning babka. And it’s probable that, like many of the world’s wonders, its conception was born of collaboration.

In the headnote for “The Famous Chocolate Babka” in his cookbook Breaking Breads, Scheft explains the addition of Nutella to the babka filling was his attempt to tap into the “taste memory” of the chocolate-spread sandwiches that he, like many children in Israel, used to eat at lunchtime. He'd been baking the cake at Lehamim bakery in Tel Aviv for 16 years before Breads opened, at which point, he told me, "it was natural to prepare it in New York, too."

"I first called this chocolate krantz cake," he writes in the headnote, "but in all honesty, that name didn't effectively communicate the deep, ephemeral pleasure of biting into the wonderfully rich and deeply chocolaty pastry. We decided to call it chocolate babka instead."

The prettiest thing these ol' hands made in 2016. 👋 Byeeee

A photo posted by kaitlin bray (@kaitlinbray) on

Peleg tells a slightly different story: The bakers presented him with a "loaf-looking thing, which they referred to as a chocolate krantz cake" that reminded Peleg of the babka he grew up with.

"It was decent," he said, but reminiscent something a grandmother would buy from a bakery. "I looked at it and thought, 'How can we make it look more appealing to a young, hip American crowd? What can we do to make this product more appealing to an American palate?' I thought of my own childhood in New York and I felt like Nutella was something that I remembered fondly." The bakers swapped Israeli chocolate spread for Nutella and, as Peleg remembers, "The minute I tasted it, I knew we were on to something."

The hidden mystery of the Breads Bakery babka is that they don’t know what babka is in Israel.
Gabriella Gershenson

And then there’s food writer Gabriella Gershenson, who, at that same dessert panel, claimed the earliest credit for the state of babka in 2017. "I met Uri, who’s the owner-baker of Breads in Tel Aviv [editor's note: this is the separate business called Lehamim] right before they opened in New York, and I was like, ‘New Yorkers are going to go crazy because everyone loves chocolate babka and nobody has really quite hit the sweet spot in New York with like a high-quality bakery chocolate babka,’ and lo’ and behold, it completely caught-fire.”

“The hidden mystery of the Breads Bakery babka," Gershenson said, "is that they don’t know what babka is in Israel—it’s called krantz. And krantz is actually a German pastry."

The "babka" that we all love? The chocolate veins and sugary toppings we go crazy for? It isn't even babka at all.


It was there all along...

“It’s not making a resurgence,” Amy Emberling, one of the Bakinghouse managing partners at Zingerman's in Ann Arbor, Michigan, told me,“it’s just making a resurgence among a few of us who are making certain things or looking at certain things. It’s popped up in a certain way, but people have [always] been eating it in between moments of a little celebrity.”

“No one thinks about something for a while, and then a group of people become introduced to something, or come of age, and they say, ‘Oh wow, this is so neat,’ and, well, twenty years ago, a different group of people were saying the same thing," Emberling told me.

Babka, in other words, was not ushered into existence by food media. It was there all along.

Well, twenty years ago, a different group of people were saying the same thing.
Amy Emberling, Zingerman's Bakehouse

But the team at Zingerman's—which stopped baking babka about eight years ago amidst feelings that they were unable to provide customers with the type of dessert they were used to while using butter instead of oil or margarine—has recently started developing a new recipe.

And for Peleg at Breads, babka is not merely a fair-weather trend. He referred to it as "a class of food, almost." But is this class of food—buttery, laminated, decadent, chocolate-filled, unrecognizable as babka—true to the babka's humble roots? Is it still a "Jewish" dessert? Does it pay homage to the original—or does it critique it? (For Alice Medrich, who, up until a few years ago, had never had babka, it's so loaded with chocolate that "the bread part is a mere vehicle: "it's amazing, but that mischief filling doesn't honor my brioche.")

Some people—myself included, and probably my dad, too—will express nostalgia for the dry, dense babka of the past. But, as Peter Shelsky put it, "Why should something stay crappy just because it's been crappy in the past?"

Why should something stay crappy just because it's been crappy in the past?
Peter Shelsky

And if I want a loaf of crappy babka, I'm sure I can walk to the supermarket a mile from my parents' house in Baltimore and there'll be a loaf waiting for me. These days, trans fat-free.


Hungry Now?

Babka: overrated or worth all the hype? Tell us in the comments below.

27 Comments

Cookie May 8, 2018
At Gjusta in Venice, CA last week, I had a slice of the most amazing cinnamon babka. Absolutely not like any babka I've ever had. Purists would be appalled. It was beyond delicious, Like a cross between the best croissant and brioche. I can't find a recipe for it. It was ethereal.
 
Ed A. April 29, 2018
Searching high and low, it seems all Babka today is made with PALM OIL. About the world's worst oil, implicated in deforestation as well as loss of animal habitat. Not to mention what it does to your arteries. That said, is there are babka out there worth eating?
 
Ed A. April 29, 2018
Searching high and low, it seems all Babka today is made with PALM OIL. About the world's worth oil, implicated in deforestation as well as loss of animal habitat. Not to mention what it does to your arteries. That said, is there are babka out there worth eating?
 
Lori F. March 10, 2017
Current babkas seem more candy'like than the ones I remember from my youth. We lived around Hartford, but NY relatives would visit, always toting a babka, usually cinnamon - I can tell you that we kids were slightly disappointed, as it used to be a dryer, not-too-sweet loaf, and we favored sweeter cookies and such. It was a nosh for adults to enjoy with coffee or tea. Today, they seem designed to cram in the maximum sweet filling. There has got to be a happy medium!
 
Windischgirl March 5, 2017
Made the apple babka from Uri Scheft's "Breaking Breads." There are some problems with the recipe (glad I bake every week or I'd be in trouble) but the final product was yum! I made three mini-babke and they are so cute...<br />
 
Author Comment
Sarah J. March 5, 2017
Oh, sounds delicious! What were the problems?
 
Windischgirl March 6, 2017
First, order of adding ingredients to make the dough...made for a very lumpy dough and needed extra machine kneading to get it smooth. Then after the machine kneading the recipe said to do essentially what are slap-and-folds to build the gluten...but the flour recommended was pastry flour, which is going to naturally have less gluten. I did machine kneading all the way and gluten development was adequate. Making the apple filling: all the other ingredients were by weight (yay!) except the apples (?), and the instructions for cooking the apples said to make a caramel and then cook the apples in the caramel...but room temperature apple chunks caused the hot caramel to clump...until the apples released their juices and eventually melted the caramel. I think an inexperienced baker might give up at that point. Other errors: called for 2 3/4 cups sliced almonds to top 2 standard loaf pans...way too much, as I used 3/4 cup and that was plenty; bake time was stated as 20 minutes but my mini-babke took 40 and standard size took an hour. That said, the filling is delicious although could use more of it, and the bread not too sweet. I will make it again, but it's not a recipe for a newbie.
 
Windischgirl March 3, 2017
Now look what you've started! :-)<br />http://luckypeach.com/recipes/collections/three-sandwich-babkas/
 
Corduval February 20, 2017
What's with this argument about cinnamon or chocolate? Obviously, it should have both cinnamon and chocolate ..why not try some Mexican chocolate?
 
rf February 20, 2017
As a daughter of a Jewish baker who was a daughter of a Jewish baker, I wouldn't give bapkes for this style of babka. I remember Sunday mornings, waking to warm cinnamon babka which we thickly sliced and then topped with freshly stewed blueberries. Never too sweet, never too rich. Only the fresh yeasty bread and simply cooked fruits.
 
Windischgirl February 20, 2017
About 4-5 Christmases ago, I made some 'Christmas Roses' which I now realize were savory Babke. An enriched yeast dough, left to retard in a cool place overnight, were filled with either a basil pesto or a sun dried tomato spread. Roll up, cut in half, twist each half around its twin, like a traditional Babka. Then the loaf was coiled to form a circular 'rose.' I'll hunt around to see if hubby still has the photos and post on Not Recipes.
 
Nancy February 20, 2017
I would make these. Yes please add to "not recipes."
 
Windischgirl February 20, 2017
Nancy, I waded thru photo after photo and couldn't find it on my computer. Bet it's on hubby's, and he won't be home till Friday. Please stay tuned!
 
Nancy February 26, 2017
Ok, 📻 , staying tuned.
 
Windischgirl February 28, 2017
If it helps, I used this recipe:<br />http://www.thefreshloaf.com/node/31325/rose-christmas<br />I did make one with a tomato pesto (modified the ingredients a bit) and another one with basil pesto. One vanished during Christmas Eve dinner, and the other disappeared during Christmas brunch. Important to let the dough chill overnight to improve handling (the chill makes dough magically less sticky) and enhance flavor.
 
Rahel February 20, 2017
But what about Green's Babka sold at Zabars and Fairway since forever? Still the best, and not at all meh.
 
Nancy February 20, 2017
Rahel - happy to hear that Zabars or Fairway babka are "the best." Didn't mean all babka were meh. Just that I recognized the dried-out old version available jn many places.
 
Windischgirl February 20, 2017
I was introduced to Babka at a previous job by a Jewish co-worker with NYC roots. Any time she'd take a trip to the city, or her NYC-based son would come to visit, there would be Green's Babka. And there would always be a debate--which is better: cinnamon or chocolate?
 
Author Comment
Sarah J. February 20, 2017
There's a great 2013 piece on Green's here! http://www.grubstreet.com/2013/11/greens-babka-empire.html. It's made without butter (and without partially hydrogenated oil, too—they use palm oil), so it's parve!
 
Nancy February 19, 2017
Fun story. I, too, remember the dried out meh-tasting babkas (Toronto), nothing like what's being offered now. The rise, expansion, enrichment and (maybe) fall of babka reminds me of those charts that show the historical debut, use, overuse, abandonment of certain words. <br />Fashion and trends, yes, but does the word or the food survive? And/or is it forever changed?
 
miranda February 18, 2017
Y'all need to come down to DC and try the chocolate pecan babka at Bread Furst (available only on Thursdays) and then we can talk.
 
Gloria February 18, 2017
Great article!! It has me running through all my books now to see what I want to make!! Thanks - and love all the great pics!
 
Windischgirl February 17, 2017
I've made the 'Kranz Cake' from Ottolenghi's "Jerusalem" several times. In fact, my recipe for poppy filling resulted from a babka experiment a couple of years ago.<br />I'll post the picture on Not Recipes!
 
Joy H. February 17, 2017
Hey, that first picture is mine! What a pleasant surprise, haha. =)
 
Author Comment
Sarah J. February 17, 2017
It is GORGEOUS!
 
Joy H. February 17, 2017
Thanks!
 
Steve February 17, 2017
The shiny, twisted ones that have chocolate wound in it are not called Babka. In Israel, where it is EVERYWHERE, we call it simply "Yeast Cake" (עוגת שמרים). You can usually get it in chocolate or cinnamon. It's available dairy (with butter) or "parve" (I cringe... made with MARGARINE).<br /><br />We don't get the streusel-topped ones that I have seen in the States at Flakowitz, in FL (amazing, BTW). Trader Joe's sells one... it's a bit on the sweet side, and they are calling it "Brooklyn" cause I guess it's a HIPSTER Babka. It's also not FULLY BAKED (I have tried 3).