Middle Eastern

This Persian, Matzo Ball-ish Soup Has a Superpower or Three

January  4, 2018

Growing up, I remember my mom, an excellent cook, reaching for the box of Streit’s matzo ball mix when she wanted to make matzo ball soup. No way was she going to spend time making matzo balls from scratch when there was a good chance they’d turn out like rocks, dense and flavorless. I had the same fear of making matzo balls, until I discovered gondi, the fluffy dumplings traditionally eaten by Iranian Jews for Friday night Shabbat dinner. They are virtually foolproof, with a texture that’s tender but firm, and a taste brimming with warm Middle Eastern flavors.

Unlike matzo balls, which are eastern European in origin and made primarily from eggs and matzo meal, aromatic gondi are shaped from a thick puree of ground chicken and toasted chickpea flour, a staple ingredient of the Middle East, and seasoned with turmeric and cardamom. Feather-light dried limes, known as limoo omani in Farsi, are pierced and thrown whole into the soup to gently permeate the soup stock with their green, citrusy flavor. Just before serving, the broth gets spiked with a bright shot of lemon juice.

Is there anything you'd rather eat on a blustery day? Photo by Bobbi Lin

Gondi is an old dish, a reminder of the long legacy of Jews in Iran that dates back to the ancient Persian Empire. How the dish came to be known by such a crude name in Farsi (look at the shape and think of the male body part to which it corresponds) I can’t say, but despite their indelicate name, gondi are usually served on high holidays including Rosh Hashanah, Passover, and of course, Shabbat. They are traditionally made using chicken meat because, according to Gil Marks, the late, great author of The Encyclopedia of Jewish Food, chicken in Iran was historically more expensive than other meats and was reserved for special occasions.

Luckily for many a busy wife on Shabbat, making gondi is easy. You mix the dough, shape the balls, and then simmer them in broth. I like to make the dough one day, then let it firm up in the refrigerator overnight so it’s easy to work with, and to break up the work. Once the dough is shaped into balls, it’s best to refrigerate them for an hour so that they hold their shape when dropped into the boiling broth. Go the extra mile and toast the chickpea flour, as it gives the dumplings a rounded, nutty flavor. To toast the flour, warm a pan over medium heat. After about a minute, add the flour and stir constantly until it’s fragrant and a little darker, about 5-7 minutes, then turn off the heat and stir for another couple of minutes until the flour cools to room temperature.

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As the dumplings simmer to firmness in chicken stock, the broth takes on a cloudy appearance, becoming starchy and full of flavor. For a more dignified presentation, you can strain the dumplings and serve them in a fresh batch of clear chicken broth, as in this recipe. If you don’t want to bother with straining the dumplings, add the dried limes, carrots, and chickpeas to the stock at the beginning and let them cook along with the dumplings; when the dumplings are cooked through, gently fold in the fresh herbs.

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See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Claire S
    Claire S
  • Lisa Newport
    Lisa Newport
  • Louisa Shafia
    Louisa Shafia
  • Rsekhon
  • Nikkitha Bakshani
    Nikkitha Bakshani
My cookbook The New Persian Kitchen is a winner of Food52's Piglet award. I love cooking Iranian rice and hearing people crunch on the crispy tahdig from the bottom of the pot. I'm passionate about sharing the ingredients and techniques for making Persian food in my writing, cooking classes, and online store, Feast By Louisa where you can find my Persian Spice Set, Tahdig Kit, and other goodies.


Claire S. January 6, 2018
Thoughts on making this vegetarian? Maybe shredded tofu instead of the chicken?
Louisa S. January 8, 2018
Hi Claire, I would try pulsing one cup of well pressed extra firm tofu, tempeh, or sauteed mushrooms together with 1 cup fresh bread crumbs in a food processor until it forms a thick, sticky dough. I think you might need the gluten in the bread to help it all stick together. If you try a vegetarian version of this please share.
Lisa N. January 4, 2018
Am I blind? I'm not finding the recipe.
Rsekhon January 4, 2018
No one of their interns done goofed
Nikkitha B. January 4, 2018
Sorry for the error—it's added now, and here: https://food52.com/recipes/74914-chicken-and-chickpea-soup-with-dumplings-gondi
Hsarshar August 22, 2019
Hi! What is the substitute for the chickpea flour?