Gluten-Free Shoofly Pantry Pie

November 19, 2013

Sunday Dinners comes to us from our own chef/photojournalist/farmer/father figure Tom Hirschfeld, featuring his stunning photography and Indiana farmhouse family meals.

Today: Here's how you can make a perfect shoofly pantry pie with ingredients already on hand. Plus, 5 important pie-baking tips. 

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In the dessert world, there is a whole mess of what I like to call pantry pies: pecan, pumpkin, the chess family, derby, custards (like sugar cream), and last but not least, shoofly (or its aliases: shoo-fly, molasses, sorghum, or Montgomery). All of them are good with coffee, exceptional for breakfast, and of course, we all know that they are standards at the Thanksgiving table.

More: Here's how to make a perfect pie, every time.

Generally speaking, these pies are easy to whip up, the most complicated part being the crust, and the most agonizing being the cool-down-before-you-can-eat period. I think it is also safe to say if you keep a good pantry, you almost always have the ingredients on hand -- which makes them perfect for emergencies such as, "Damn it. Today has been sucky but a pie could sure cheer me up!"

The least known of this group is the shoofly. While most have heard of it, few, I will wager, have eaten it. Maybe it's all the molasses, which can be overwhelming, or maybe it's because it isn't much known outside of Pennsylvania Dutch country and a few select pockets of the South.  

Let me make it known: I am not apologetic for shoofly pie’s strong flavor. Myself, I capital "L" Love shoofly pie, but then I like good whiskey and fine cigars. This makes sense, since molasses can be as varied as vintage and terroir, and just as deeply flavored. But just like adding water to whiskey, there are ways to tame it.  

You have choices when it comes to molasses: Steen's out of Louisiana, Grandma's, Brer Rabbit, and possibly small independent labels, but my favorite (because I get it local) is sorghum molasses. While this is not true molasses because it isn't made from sugarcane, it possesses the same rich qualities without the bitterness sugarcane molasses sometimes carries.

There are two camps when it comes to shoofly pie: wet-bottom shoofly and dry-bottom, which to me is totally confusing since they are both gooey. Mostly it refers to how you make the pie. More to the point: Do you prebake the crust or not? I fall securely in the dry-bottom camp.

The cake-like top to this version is another reason to fall for it. Not all shooflies call for this method. Some use a crumble, but I like it because it reminds me of a cross between sticky toffee pudding and gingerbread.

5 Tips for Baking Custard-Style Pies

  1. Even though pecan and pumpkin aren’t cream and eggs, they are custard pies. If you overbake them, they will weep -- and so will you.
  2. Always bake custard pies, or any pie, on a baking sheet. It is much easier to remove them from the oven without crumbling the edges of your beautiful crust. Also, you can give the tray a sharp, controlled short shake and tell easily if the pie is done or not. Is it like firm Jell-O or wavy? Jell-O is the goal.
  3. If you dock your crust (use a fork to poke it before prebaking; this is done to prevent bubbling), use an egg white mixed with a teaspoon of water when it comes out of the oven, and egg wash the crust with a pastry brush. The white cooks and hardens instantly and keeps the crust from being absorbed into the pie, or the filling from leaking through the crust and becoming soggy.
  4. If you are bothered by cracks in your filling, bake your pie in a hot water bath. Simply put the pie pan with filling in a casserole, place it into the hot oven, and add hot water to the casserole until it comes two-thirds up the side of the pie pan. When the pie is done baking, remove it from the water to a rack to cool. Be careful and mindful of the hot water.
  5. Reserve scraps of raw pie dough. If your crust cracks while prebaking, repair it with small bits of the raw crust.

Shoofly Pie

Makes 8 to 12 pieces

1 9-inch pie crust, use your favorite
1 egg white mixed with 2 teaspoons of water
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
1 cup all-purpose flour or 1/2 cup each of brown and white rice flour
A two-finger pinch of kosher salt
3/4 cups dark brown sugar (muscovado is great for this)
1/2 cup molasses
1/4 cup dark corn syrup
3/4 cups boiling water
3/4 teaspoons baking soda
1 egg, beaten

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Photos by Tom Hirschfeld

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See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • beth young
    beth young
  • Milly
  • anntruelove
  • ATG117
  • thirschfeld
Father, husband, writer, photojournalist and not always in that order.


beth Y. November 24, 2013
My hero! Huge respect for taking on gluten-free pastry! I can't wait to give it a go!
thirschfeld November 24, 2013
Thank you beth!
Milly November 23, 2013
Why does the pie crust have a distinctive yellow and beige color?
thirschfeld November 24, 2013
Milly I am experimenting with a gluten free crust. It has egg in it. I raise chickens for the eggs and the yolks are very, very yellow and tasty too. Nevertheless you are seeing the yolk but also the camera and light are playing a little trick on it too. In the finished product it was the color of a normal crust.
anntruelove November 20, 2013
My dad makes shoofly pie every Thanksgiving (with a crumbly topping like Dutch apple pie). I hope more people try it after reading this lovely article.
thirschfeld November 24, 2013
Thanks! I hope they try it too.
ATG117 November 19, 2013
I love sticky toffee pudding and like gingerbread, but I don't love the taste of molasses (is that a contradiction re the gingerbread). Will I like this? I love te idea of the gooey and cakey.
thirschfeld November 20, 2013
You are going to want to cut the molasses by as much as half making up the diff with corn syrup. You could also add a bit of spice too, 1/2 teaspoon ginger, 1/4 teaspoon ground clove, 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon etc. I really like the simple taste of the pie without the spices but I do appreciate a fear of to much molasses.