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Jicama and How to Use It

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Every week we get Down & Dirty, in which we break down our favorite unique seasonal fruits, vegetables, and more.

Today: This tuber might not win a beauty pageant, but it should win a place in your kitchen.

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jicama

Jicama belongs to the enormous legume family, whose members include chickpeas, green beans like Romano beans, and shelling peas, snow peas, and snap peas. If the legume family makes you think of climbing vines and fruits that we refer to as pods, you’re right -- and the jicama plant does that too, but that’s not the part of the plant we eat. 

We eat the tubers, and most of those available in the U.S. are coming from Mexico (you might hear jicama called a Mexican potato or Mexican turnip). Jicama likes warm, tropical-type weather, so in all likelihood you aren’t growing your own. But if you are, know that the tubers are the only part of the plant you should be eating. Every part of the plant growing above the ground contains some level of rotenone, which is poisonous -- it's used as an insecticide and pesticide. Seed pods are said to be safe when young, although some say only if the hairs on the young pods are removed before cooking...by rubbing them off in sand. So we'd recommend sticking to eating the tuber, and only the tuber.

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jicama

Jicama is available year round, but it's at its best from October into the spring. And before you ask your grocer where to find it, know that jicama is pronounced HEE-ka-ma; if you prefer HICK-uh-muh, you can keep marching to the beat of your own linguistic drummer, but now you'll know why people are smirking.

When selecting jicama, look for specimens that are firm and free from soft spots. Vegetable expert Elizabeth Schneider recommends selecting “relatively unblemished tubers with a slight silky sheen (1); ones that look smooth and young compared with their companions.” She even advises nicking the skin to make sure that the tuber is juicy. It’s a smart move -- older, thicker skinned jicama won’t be as good -- but be stealthy, or risk the ire of a shopkeeper. Look for specimens that are heavy for their size, but stick to medium-sized tubers: Although jicama can grow to be large (really large), the larger ones are more likely to be dry and fibrous.

Whole jicama will keep well in the refrigerator unwrapped for up to 2 weeks. If you’re storing a partial piece, wrap the cut side in plastic; it will keep for about a week. When you're ready to use your jicama, peel it with a paring knife; once you get a section started, the skin should peel off in sections. Use your knife to trim off any remaining fibrous bits, and then chop it into any shape you choose (2); it won't discolor when exposed to air, so it can be prepped ahead of time.

jicama

The texture of jicama is similar to that of an Asian pear crossed with a raw potato -- very crisp and juicy -- and the flavor is mild and slightly sweet. Jicama is frequently used raw, but it can be cooked, too -- think stir-fried or sautéed. And, like the tofu of the vegetable world, it soaks up sauces like a champ. Here are some ideas for putting your jicama to good use.

  • Use jicama in slaw, and then toss that slaw on a pork torta.
  • Quick pickle jicama for a fish sandwich. When you're constructing the perfect fish sandwich, remember that assembly matters.
  • But jicama doesn't have to be pickled or turned into slaw before going on a sandwich. In Flour, Too, julienned jicama adds crunch to a chicken sandwich slathered with an avocado spread Joanne Chang calls “so much more delicious than any guacamole I’ve ever had.”
  • Thin strips of jicama add a welcome addition of crunch to fresh spring rolls.
  • Make ceviche. Chefs Susan Feniger and Mary Sue Milliken like at least 50% vegetables in theirs, and jicama is a great option to add crunch.
  • Finely chop jicama and add it to dips, spreads, and relishes, like pico de gallo.
  • Make vegetable rice, and then smother it with a sesame tahini dressing.
  • Add jicama to salads -- even fruit salads.
  • Keep it simple: Cut jicama into sticks, squeeze lime juice over them, and then sprinkle with chile powder for a zesty snack.

A final tip: Diane Morgan recommends salting jicama before using it -- like you might eggplant or zucchini (toss cut pieces with a small amount of salt and let them drain in a colander for 30 minutes or so). She says it brightens the taste, removes some of the water, and give it even more crunch. 

Tell us: What's your favorite way to use jicama? 

Photos by Alpha Smoot

Tags: down and dirty, diagrams, special diets, jicama, Mexican potato, yam bean