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Braised Belgian Endives (Indivie Intere a Crudo)

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Every Tuesday, Italian expat Emiko Davies is taking us on a grand tour of Italy, showing us how to make classic, fiercely regional dishes at home.

Today: Do as the Romans do and slow-cook whole endives for an effortless winter side dish.

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This recipe for a simple but delicious Roman side dish was plucked out of one of Ada Boni's old cookbooks. The original Italian name of the dish, indivie intere a crudo (literally "whole, raw endives") is a reference to the fact that they go right into the pot without being blanched first, not unlike a famous Roman recipe for broccoli -- broccoli strascinati -- where the broccoli hits the pan raw and retains a little crunch. 

In this braised dish, however, there is no crunch. Instead, the endives are very slowly cooked, resulting in a nutty, caramelized exterior and an incredibly soft, almost melting interior. It typically sits alongside some roast beef or other roast vegetables, but it could also go nicely with fish or even hold its own as a main -- maybe paired with some crusty bread and a pungent blue cheese.

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Belgain endives are a typical late fall and winter vegetable, though these days they are usually grown year-round, hidden underground to retain those characteristically pale leaves. The juicy leaves, crunchy when raw and soft and thick when cooked, are, like most chicories, wonderfully bitter. They go delightfully with dishes that are a little salty, a little sweet, or both. Look for perfectly pale, tightly enclosed leaves with just a hint of pale yellow, as if the tips of the leaves had been dipped in butter.

More: Pair your endives with one of these fall roasts.

Possibly one of the lowest maintenance recipes I know, the beauty of this wintry side dish is that everything is just thrown together in a pot and covered while it braises very, very slowly and gently. Just remember to take a peek every now and then.

In her original recipe, Ada instructs to discard the garlic, but the slowly cooked, mellow, caramel-colored whole garlic cloves are absolutely delicious. Don't discard them -- devour them. You may even just want to throw in an extra clove or two. Mint is a really typical Roman herb, but you could substitute basil or fresh oregano here.

More: Our advice? Soak up the leftover olive oil and garlic with some good bread.

Braised Belgian Endives (Indivie Intere a Crudo)

Serves 4

4 whole, large Belgian endives, outer leaves picked
2 cloves garlic, whole but peeled
1/4 cup olive oil
Handful of mint leaves
Salt and pepper

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Photos by Emiko Davies

Tags: Italy, Regional Italian Food, Rome, Roman cuisine, vegetables, endive, braised, slow cooking, sides