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Artusi's Butternut Squash Pie

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Every Tuesday, Italian expat Emiko Davies is taking us on a grand tour of Italy, showing us how to make classic, fiercely regional dishes at home.

Today: A nineteenth century alternative to pumpkin pie -- from Italy's favorite cookbook. (Bonus: It's gluten-free!)

I used to think that pumpkin pie was a purely North American tradition, so I was surprised to come across this little-known recipe a few years ago in Pellegrino Artusi's 1891 “bible” of Italian cookery: Science in the Kitchen and the Art of Eating Well.

Artusi calls it torta di zucca gialla, indicating that this pie is to be made with butternut squash. What makes this very different from North American pumpkin pie is that it has no pastry base, and the filling is made with almond meal, which gives it a very moist, just-set, pudding-like consistency. 

The pie is quite decadent -- it almost feels like eating straight-up pumpkin pie filling. But it's a rather clean version: It's not overly sweet (I like to use raw or muscovado sugar instead of white sugar), it's gluten-free, and -- although not so traditional -- it can easily be made dairy-free by cooking the pumpkin in coconut milk or water and substituting olive oil for the butter.

More: We'll be really impressed if you make your own coconut milk, too.

While pumpkin is actually native to the Americas, they were brought to Italy via France; today, they are mostly used only in northern Italian cooking. One of northern Italy's best known pumpkin recipes is pumpkin tortellini (Cappellacci di Zucca), which you can find in Ferrara, on Emilia-Romagna’s border with the Veneto. They also make a version in Mantua, with amaretti adding a sweet-savory flavor to the pumpkin.

I've adapted this nineteenth century recipe ever-so-slightly for the modern kitchen. Artusi's original recipe calls for making your own almond meal (first, blanch your almonds, then grind them with the sugar in a mortar until fine); he also takes time to ensure that the excess liquid from the butternut squash is removed by first grating the raw pumpkin, then draining it by wrapping it in a tea towel and squeezing until its weight is reduced by two-thirds. I've tried this Artusi's way -- grating and squeezing the squash -- but it's rather fiddly and time-consuming, and I've found little difference in the texture by simplifying this method.

The squash is then cooked in the milk and, though he doesn't mention whether to include the milk in the pie or drain it from the squash, I've done the latter. If you like, you can be thrifty and save the milk for another treat: Infuse it with chai tea and honey for a pumpkin-spiced chai latte, or let it cool and turn it into a banana and cinnamon smoothie

More: Try this Gluten-Free Coconut Squash Cake next.

Although Artusi serves this as-is, I like to eat it with some sliced almonds scattered over the top for added texture -- they also give the powdered sugar a place to catch. The sugar will melt almost instantly when it hits this wonderfully moist pie.

Artusi’s Butternut Squash Pie

Serves 8

2 pounds (1 kilogram) butternut squash
1 pint (500 milliliters) milk
3 eggs, beaten
3 1/2 ounces (100 grams) almond meal 
3 1/2 ounces (100 grams) soft brown muscovado sugar
2 tablespoons (30 grams) melted butter, plus more for greasing
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
Pinch of salt
Handful of sliced almonds
Powdered sugar, for decoration

See the full recipe (and save and print it) here.

Automagic Thanksgiving Menu Maker!
Automagic Thanksgiving Menu Maker!

Tags: Pie, Pumpkin, Squash, Christmas, Fall, Thanksgiving, Holiday, Gluten-Free, Books, Holiday Entertaining, Cookbooks