Kitchen Hacks

How to Stock a Fridge & Freezer for One

March  8, 2016

I began cooking for myself regularly when I was a culinary student in Paris more than a decade ago. Back in those days, I lived in a tiny studio with a small refrigerator and very few cupboards. My pantry was compact and I shopped for most ingredients at the neighborhood farmers markets on an almost daily basis.

During this time, I learned two fundamental lessons for solo cooking:
1. It’s always best to buy small quantities of food so you avoid wasting ingredients.
2. When buying small quantities is not an option, properly storing food is key, as is stocking up on items with long shelf lives.

I've put together a list of the essentials I keep in my fridge and freezer. They go a long way when feeding just one mouth.

Fridge Essentials, and How to Use and Store Them:

Snacks. (Always!)

Whether I need something to sustain me while cooking or just want something to nibble on while watching Netflix, these are a few of the things I keep on hand in the fridge—and they double as ingredients in my dinner recipes:

  • Olives. Any kind will do but I usually go for Kalamata and some kind of Provence-herbed olive mix. Olives keep for about a month.
  • Cheese. Parmigiano-Reggiano is an unmatched flavor enhancer and the rind is great in vegetable stocks. Bonus: It keeps for ages. I also use a lot of feta, which can be kept for a while if properly wrapped or completely covered in brine.
  • Nuts. Various nuts go in salads, baked goods, and in my bag for snacking. Most nuts—and especially pine nuts, with their high fat content—are best refrigerated or frozen.
  • Fruit. There are always apples and some kind of citrus in my fridge and, when the season arrives, berries. Remember to store fruits separately from vegetables—fruit produces the natural gas ethylene, which can cause vegetables to spoil quickly.
  • White Wine. (Yes, this counts as a snack.) Consider it an emergency stash, if you will.

A few proteins.

Proteins can be tricky in terms of keeping well. Lentils and beans are great options. So are eggs, of course. Another life-saver is smoked salmon, which is great for sandwiches, salads, omelets, or pasta. Once opened, eat within five days.

Leftover perishables.

These are the things that can be easily forgotten, left alone in a solo cook’s fridge until rendered inedible. The best way to avoid this sad fate is to use leftovers quickly or store them properly. Some ideas:

  • Tofu. Once you open a package of tofu to use a portion, rinse the leftover tofu and store it in an airtight container with fresh water. Change the water every day or two and try to use the remaining tofu within one week. Eat cooked tofu within two days.
  • Tomato Paste. Use the same method for leftovers as many people use for herbs: Spoon out a tablespoon or two and freeze it in an ice cube tray, covering with a drizzle of olive oil. Pop out the frozen cubes and store them in a plastic bag in the freezer. Then use a cube or two whenever you need tomato paste—they'll keep in the freezer for a couple weeks, while paste in the fridge will keep for just one week.
  • Leftover seafood. Once cooked, place fish in an airtight container and use within three days. Go-to ways to use leftover cooked fish include salads, pasta and sandwiches. Fresh fish should be used within a day or two of purchase.
  • Leftover meat. Wrap cooked meat tightly in plastic or place it in an airtight container and use it within three days. Quick options for using leftover cooked meat are similar to those for fish—try adding leftovers to pasta, salads or sandwiches. Uncooked meat should be used within two days.
  • Cooked rice. Keep it in an airtight container in the fridge for up to two days and use leftovers in stir-fries or fried rice or salad.

The condiment shelf.

  • Dijon mustard. This piquant mustard is great in vinaigrettes and, of course, on sandwiches. Plus, it lasts for months in the refrigerator.
  • Tahini. Made from ground sesame seeds, this thick, velvety paste adds a creamy texture and savory flavor to dressings. It also keeps for months in the fridge.
  • Capers. Capers provide a bit of umami to dishes like pasta, fish and omelets. I prefer capers packed in sea salt, but capers in brine are often easier to find. Both varieties keep for ages in the fridge.

Assorted basics, the building blocks of most of my meals.

  • Butter. I keep butter in the fridge, but if you’re not using it often, store butter in the freezer for up to 6 months.
  • Oils. Oils are perishable, so it’s important to buy small quantities and store them in the cupboard away from light and heat. Oils that you use only occasionally are best kept refrigerated. (Take them out before you begin cooking so they come to room temperature.) Toasted sesame oil, which I use in vinaigrettes and stir-fries, spoils easily, so keep it in the refrigerator.
  • Stock. I often buy frozen chicken and beef stocks from neighborhood butcher shops and then keep them in the fridge.
  • Onions and garlic. They figure into almost every dinner I make and have a permanent spot in my refrigerator. They keep well for about a month or, if cut, up to 5 days tightly wrapped in plastic.
  • Vegetables. It’s good to have spinach, broccoli, or kale around for salads, soups, frittatas, and omelets. Cauliflower is another favorite because it lasts more than a week when stored in a plastic bag. The leafy greens stay fresh for about 4 to 5 days in the fridge.
  • Fresh herbs. I like to have parsley, cilantro, and basil on hand regularly. They last for about a week in the refrigerator. Below are my tips for keeping them in the freezer if you ever have an abundance of herbs.

Freezer-for-One Food Storage Tips:

Save yourself a headache (and/or a smell test), and always write what you’re freezing as well as the date on the zip-top plastic bag you're storing it in.

  • Packs of meat. If you buy a three- or six-pack of chicken or pork chops (or any meat, really), it’s ideal to wrap each piece in plastic wrap or place in a resealable plastic bag and store in the freezer for future single servings. Keep frozen no longer than 4 to 6 months.
  • Sauces and stock. When you end up with a large leftover amount of sauce or stock that won’t be used in a day or two, measure it out in 2-tablespoon or 1/2-cup servings per resealable plastic bag and freeze for up to 2 months.
  • Fresh herbs. Finely chop the herbs, place 1 tablespoon per compartment in an empty ice cube tray, cover with olive oil, and freeze. Once the herbs are frozen they can be removed from the ice tray and stored in a resealable plastic bag in the freezer for about two weeks.
  • Cookie dough. I’m a cookie-on-demand person, so when I make cookie dough I bake a few cookies and then form the rest of the dough into a slice-and-bake roll, which stays stashed (tightly wrapped in plastic) in the freezer.
  • Baguettes. When I come across superior baguettes, I buy several and cut them in half or in quarters, place them in resealable plastic bags, and freeze them. Then, when I want French bread, I take a piece out to toast in the oven.

What has your experience been cooking for one? Tell us about it—and about your 1-person-pantry staples—in the comments.

Shop the Story

Klancy Miller is the author of Cooking Solo: The Joy of Cooking for Yourself, due out March 8, 2016 from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Grab your copy

It's here: Our game-changing guide to everyone's favorite room in the house. Your Do-Anything Kitchen gathers the smartest ideas and savviest tricks—from our community, test kitchen, and cooks we love—to help transform your space into its best self.

Grab your copy

See what other Food52 readers are saying.

  • Dean Haustead
    Dean Haustead
  • Bunni Jeanne Schile
    Bunni Jeanne Schile
  • btglenn
  • Bettye Jo Hickman Martin
    Bettye Jo Hickman Martin
  • Jennifer Spencer
    Jennifer Spencer

Written by: Klancy


Dean H. July 12, 2016
I am alone and my fridge and freezer has sufficient space for keeping everything. So I never have a problem.
Bunni J. March 14, 2016
What are your thoughts regarding tomato paste (and garlic or basil ) in the tubes available at my local Italian deli? I find them to be quite convenient when fresh is not readily available.
btglenn March 13, 2016
for budget reasons, when they are on sale, I always buy more poultry and meat than I need immediately, and freeze portions to cook later.
I cook soups often, making a large pot to serve about 3 times during the week -- a small portion for lunch or a mealtime size for dinner. If I cook any main dish, make the full recipe (usually for 4) and freeze portions for a later time. Of course, you need a large refrigerator/freezer for this, but that I what I first purchased when living as a single, and have done so ever since.
My pantry consists of the usual staples (for me, yours are probably different) - canned sardines and tuna, tomatoes and Mexican style hominy, beans, canned soups to be doctored up. flours and polenta, stored in the fridge, a variety of pastas, couscous, and grits, oatmeal and corn meal, barley and beans, all stored in glass jars. I look for sales when I buy canned goods and other staples like "save when you buy 4," and store them in a corner of a closet if there is no room in the pantry.
I also like to have some frozen vegetables on hand like frozen corn, a bag of mixed veggies for soup, frozen spinach - great to cook in a cream sauce - sliced okra, and Italian green beans, which are never available fresh.
I store onions and potatoes refrigerated, and buy small portions of fresh vegetables in variety, since they don't keep for more than a few days.
Apples and oranges do keep for at least a couple of weeks so I buy more of those.
Everyone has their own list of food and snack preferences, so figure out what yours are and store, intelligently.
Bettye J. March 10, 2016
Why are we told not to keep meat in freezer over 6 months? Does it go bad or just lose flavor?
Doug J. March 11, 2016
It won't spoil, but the quality/flavor decreases.
Laura415 March 14, 2016
If it's wrapped or cryovac(ed) well I've had little to no problems with grass fed steer staying perfect for a year. However, stuff I hadn't wrapped well or sealed got freezer burn in the same time frame. For me wrapping and sealing the meat is important to how long it stays good in the freezer.
Jennifer S. March 9, 2016
If you tear and wash your salad greens, lay them flat on paper towels and roll up the result into a zip-top bag (get the air out) in the back of the fridge, you've got ready salad for about a week. Bacon is another longer-keeping protein, along with vacuum sealed white anchovies and canned tuna fish. About the leftover cooked fish though, be careful. If it's shellfish, it won't keep once cooked. It can make you sick. I have better luck with onions and garlic in a dark cool place like the pantry floor rather than the fridge, and not in a plastic bag. Finally, cream keeps much longer than milk. If you want to have a little dairy readily available, but can't get through a whole carton of milk before it spoils, this is handy.
Fredrik B. March 10, 2016
Well, regular cream doesn't keep any longer than milk does, which is 8 days. Cream with the additive carrageenan keeps for a month.
ReisTanzi March 21, 2017
Be careful storing salad greens at the back of the fridge! The back of mine is colder than the front, and I have to be careful to keep delicate produce closer to the front to avoid freezing!
Ann R. March 9, 2016
Once the local Farmer's Market opens, I begin buying berries and peaches. I freeze them on a cookie sheet and then transfer them to freezer storage bags. I save them for fall and winter when prices begin climbing.
EL March 9, 2016
Rather strange that fresh veggies diced and then frozen are not mentioned above. I do a lot of that, including things such as rhubarb. I also freeze any fresh fruit that I don't eat. It thaws pretty quickly. I also freeze roasted peppers and corn. In fact, I've found that pretty much anything can be frozen (even some soft cheeses (contrary to what one is told)) although that takes experimentation. For instance I freeze feta. I also freeze cream cheese (although only a particular brand which I've found doesn't get watery or grainy). I don't freeze cottage cheese or yogurt as they keep pretty well in the fridge. So I freeze a lot of single servings to be reheated later. Much better than store bought frozen meals.

I put leftover celery and green onions and large bunches of herbs such as cilantro in water and leave them in the window sill (they are lovely as well as functional).

I make yogurt in small (10 oz) jars (left over from jam) and then have single servings for snacks or dessert whenever I want.

I absolutely freeze all bread as I've found that it gets moldy a lot faster than I can eat it. It's so simple to defrost (a few secs in the microwave) that I never have a problem with it. I freeze leftover rice if I'm not going to use it within a week, but I run my fridge as cold as possible without freezing.
Smaug March 8, 2016
Never heard of keeping uncut onions or garlic in the refrigerator. Definitely tomato paste in a tube. They also sell various herb pastes in a tube; seems like a good idea, but the ones I've tried were lousy; fortunately, I'm able to keep herbs in the form of plants, which keep very well for the most part.-
Greenstuff March 8, 2016
Tomato paste in a tube has a best-by range of about 45 days in the refrigerator after it's opened, and it remains safe to eat much longer than that. Plus, you can use as much or as little as you want.
henandchicks March 8, 2016
Indeed! I have found, too, that the taste of the tube is much nicer than the canned product.
Fredrik B. March 8, 2016
Refrigerators are hell on rice. Freeze it in portions, rice reheats very well. Just moisten with a few tablespoons of water, cover, and put it in the microwave. (Unless you have a rice cooker with a reheat option, of course, but that's a given.)
Vivian |. March 8, 2016
Great tips! Love the cookie dough on demand.